Updates from September, 2016 Toggle Comment Threads | Keyboard Shortcuts

  • rogerglewis 12:44 pm on September 30, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    World Premiere Performance of Bourgeois resolution. A poem in Three Voices for added 4th part Harmony. 

    World Premiere Performance of Bourgeois resolution. A poem in Three Voices for added 4th part Harmony. 

    The PDF may be purchased to follow the Score of this poem at these links.




    This poem is composed as Sheet Poetry. The 3 Parts, speak alone and then dialogue in sequence, the Poem is followed as if guided by the Musical Notation for returning to the Head, Repeating choruses and proceeding to the Coda.

    The Poem is written with musical theory of discordance, and alludes to Bach’s, equal temperament and the Greek system of Pythagorean Modes. The Pluralism in musical language and the polysemous use of words allude to the context of art and historical juxtaposition of sequence and order and the use of suggestion in propaganda and modern use of cognitive dissonance.

    The Broad influence of Society of Spectacle and the Discrete charm of the bourgeois, Mc Mullen’s Ghost Dance and not stated but there of Michael Foucault, drawing on a broad sweep of political philosophy from The Republic of Plato through to the enlightenment and political philosophy of the modern era.

    The metaphor of a Wheel , revolving with each revolution of the wheel necessary plagiarizing and repeating the mistakes of previous revolution. The poem argues for a Resolution to discord through the harmonies of the voiceless always ignored and always excluded from the Bourgeoisie. Neo – Liberalism is the New Credo of the Bourgeoisie in the terms of this poem and it rejects representative politics for the corrupt charade that it is.

    The spoken Introduction , discussing the themes found in the poem.

    World Premiere Performance of Bourgeois resolution. A poem in Three Voices for added 4th part Harmony. 
    It all started from this mans speech to the Oxford Union , ”poets the unacknowledged legislators of the world´´ Shelly.

    Purple Haze. Nigel Kennedy.

    Are you Glad to be in America,
    James Blood Ulmer.

    Notes and long extracts from the references.
    P { margin-bottom: 0.08in; }H3 { margin-bottom: 0.08in; }H3.ctl { font-family: “Arial Unicode MS”; }A:link { }

    or Wagner’s use of timpani tuned to C and F sharp to convey a brooding atmosphere at the start of the second act of the opera Siegfried.

    Wagner, Prelude to Act 2 of Siegfried
    In his early cantata La Damoiselle ÉlueDebussy uses a tritone to convey the words of the poem by Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
    Debussy, La Damoiselle Élue, Figure 30
    Roger Nichols (1972, p19) says that “the bare fourths, the wide spacing, the tremolos, all depict the words—‘the light thrilled towards her’—with sudden, overwhelming power.” [27] Debussy’s String Quartet also features passages that emphasise the tritone:
    The tritone was also exploited heavily in that period as an interval of modulation for its ability to evoke a strong reaction by moving quickly to distantly related keys. Later, in twelve-tone musicserialism, and other 20th century compositional idioms, composers considered it a neutral interval.[28] In some analyses of the works of 20th century composers, the tritone plays an important structural role; perhaps the most cited is the axis system, proposed by Ernő Lendvai, in his analysis of the use of tonality in the music of Béla Bartók.[29] Tritone relations are also important in the music of George Crumb[citation needed] and Benjamin Britten, whose War Requiem features a tritone between C and F♯ as a recurring motif.[30] John Bridcut (2010, p. 271) describes the power of the interval in creating the sombre and ambiguous opening of the War Requiem: “The idea that the chorus and orchestra are confident in their wrong-headed piety is repeatedly disputed by the music. From the instability of the opening tritone—that unsettling interval between C and F sharp—accompanied by the tolling of warning bells … eventually resolves into a major chord for the arrival of the boys singing ‘Te decet hymnus’.”[31] George Harrison uses tritones on the downbeats of the opening phrases of the Beatles songs “The Inner Light“, “Blue Jay Way” and “Within You Without You“, creating a prolonged sense of suspended resolution.[32] Perhaps the most striking use of the interval in rock music of the late 1960s can be found in Jimi Hendrix‘s song “Purple Haze”. According to Dave Moskowitz (2010, p.12), Hendrix “ripped into ‘Purple Haze’ by beginning the song with the sinister sounding tritone interval creating an opening dissonance, long described as ‘The Devil in Music’.”[33]
    Tritone substitution: F♯7 may substitute for C7, and vice versa, because they both share E♮ and B♭/A♯ and due to voice leading considerations. About this sound Play (help·info)


    The back of No. 19, York Street (1848). In 1651 John Milton moved into a “pretty garden-house” in Petty France. He lived there until theRestoration. Later it became No. 19 York Street, belonged to Jeremy Bentham (who for a time lived next door), was occupied successively byJames Mill and William Hazlitt, and finally demolished in 1877.[54][55]

    Works published in Bentham’s lifetime include:


    A disruption of harmonic sounds or rhythms. Like cacophony, it refers to a harsh collection of sounds; dissonance is usually intentional, however, and depends more on the organization of sound for a jarring effect, rather than on the unpleasantness of individual words. Gerard Manley Hopkins’s use of fixed stresses and variable unstressed syllables, combined with frequentassonanceconsonance, and monosyllabic words, has a dissonant effect. 
    Plato’s attitude toward the poets and poetry has always been a flashpoint of debate, controversy and notoriety, but most scholars have failed to see their central role in the ideal cities of the Republic and the Laws, that is, Callipolis and Magnesia. In this paper, I argue that in neither dialogue does Plato “exile” the poets, but, instead, believes they must, like all citizens, exercise the expertise proper to their profession, allowing them the right to become full-fledged participants in the productive class. Moreover, attention to certain details reveals that Plato harnesses both positive and negative factors in poetry to bring his ideal cities closer to a practical realization. The status of the poet and his craft in this context has rarely to my knowledge been addressed.
    Keywords: Plato; Poetry; Poets; Mimesis; Myths; Demiurge; Callipolis; Magnesia.
    The role of the poet in Plato’s ideal cities of Callipolis and Magnesia
    Gerard Naddaf
    York University, Toronto, Canadá. naddaf@yorku.ca
    There are many challenges ahead not just in party politics but in global politics.
    But the end doesn’t justify means. As Gandhi well understood, rather the means is the ends in the making.
    Take the media. It’s not the media that controls this party; it’s what we do in spite of the media that counts. (Please re tweet.)

    Shelley, Percy Bysshe, 

    1792-1822. en
    A. defence of poetry,






    The Eolian Harp
    composed at clevedon, somersetshire
    The stilly murmur of the distant Sea
    Tells us of silence.

    And that simplest Lute,
    Placed length-ways in the clasping casement, hark!
    How by the desultory breeze caressed,
    Like some coy maid half yielding to her lover,
    It pours such sweet upbraiding, as must needs
    Tempt to repeat the wrong! And now, its strings
    Boldlier swept, the long sequacious notes
    Over delicious surges sink and rise,
    Such a soft floating witchery of sound

    Poetry, in a general sense, may be
    defined to be "the expression of the
    imagination:" and poetry is connate


    with the origin of man. Man is an
    instrument over which a series o ex-
    ternal and internal impressions are
    driven, like the alternations of an ever-
    changing wind over an Aeolian lyre,
    which move it by their motion to ever-
    changing melody. But there is a prin-
    ciple within the human being, and
    perhaps within all sentient beings,
    which acts otherwise than in the lyre,
    and produces not melody alone, but
    harmony, by an internal adjustment of
    the sounds or motions thus excited to
    the impressions which excite them.
    It is as if the lyre could accommodate
    its chords to the motions of that which
    strikes them, in a determined propor-
    tion of sound; even as the musician
    can accommodate his voice to the
    sound of the lyre. A child at play by
    itself will express its delight by its voice
    and motions; and every inflexion of
    tone and every gesture will bear exact
    relation to a corresponding antitype in
    the pleasurable impressions which


    awakened it; it will be the reflected
    image of that impression; and as the
    lyre trembles and sounds after the
    wind has died away, so the child seeks,
    by prolonging in its voice and motions
    the duration of the effect, to prolong
    also a consciousness of the cause. In
    relation to the objects which delight a
    child, these expressions are what poetry
    is to higher objects.

    The savage (for
    the savage is to ages what the child is
    to years) expresses the emotions pro-
    duced in him by surrounding objects in
    a similar manner; and language and
    gesture, together with plastic or picto-
    rial imitation, become the image of the
    combined effect of those objects, and
    of his apprehension of them. Man in
    society, with all his passions and his
    pleasures, next becomes the object of
    the passions and pleasures of man; an
    additional class of emotions produces
    an augmented treasure of expressions;
    and language, gesture, and the imita-
    tive arts, become at once the repre-


    sentation and the medium, the pencil
    and the picture, the chisel and the
    statue, the chord and the harmony.
    The social sympathies, or those laws
    from which, as from its elements,
    society results, begin to develop them-
    selves from the moment that two
    human beings co-exist; the future is
    contained within the present, as the
    plant within the seed; and equality,
    diversity, unity, contrast, mutual de-
    pendence, become the principles alone
    capable of affording the motives ac-
    cording to which the will of a social
    being is determined to action, inas-
    much as he is social; and constitute
    pleasure in sensation, virtue in senti-
    ment, beauty in art, truth in reasoning,
    and love in the intercourse of kind.
    Hence men, even in the infancy of
    society, observe a certain order in their
    words and actions, distinct from that
    of the objects and the impressions
    represented by them, all expression
    being subject to the laws of that from


    which it proceeds. But let us dismiss
    those more general considerations
    which might involve an inquiry into
    the principles of society itself, and
    restrict our view to the manner in
    which the imagination is expressed
    upon its forms.

    In the youth of the world, men dance
    and sing and imitate natural objects,
    observing in these actions, as in all
    others, a certain rhythm or order. And,
    although all men observe a similar,
    they observe not the same order, in
    the motions of the dance, in the melody
    of the song, in the combinations of
    language, in the series of their imita-
    tions of natural objects. For there is
    a certain order or rhythm belonging to
    each of these classes of mimetic repre-
    sentation, from which the hearer and
    the spectator receive an intenser and
    purer pleasure than from any other:
    the sense of an approximation to this
    order has been called taste by modern
    writers. Every man in the infancy of


    art, observes an order which approxi-
    mates more or less closely to that from
    which this highest delight results: but
    the diversity is not sufficiently marked,
    as that its gradations should be sensi-
    ble, except in those instances where
    the predominance of this faculty of
    approximation to the beautiful (for so
    we may be permitted to name the
    relation between this highest pleasure
    and its cause) is very great.

    the fame of sculptors, painters, and
    musicians, although the intrinsic pow-
    ers of the great masters of these arts
    may yield in no degree to that of those
    who have employed language as the
    hieroglyphic of their thoughts, has
    never equalled that of poets in the
    restricted sense of the term; as two
    performers of equal skill will produce
    unequal effects from a guitar and a
    harp. The fame of legislators and


    founders of religions, so long as their
    institutions last alone seems to exceed
    that of poets in the restricted sense;
    but it can scarcely be a question,
    whether, if we deduct the celebrity
    which their flattery of the gross opin-
    ions of the vulgar usually conciliates,
    together with that which belonged to
    them in their higher character of
    poets, any excess will remain.

    We have thus circumscribed the
    word poetry within the limits of that
    art which is the most familiar and the
    most perfect expression of the faculty
    itself. It is necessary, however, to
    make the circle still narrower, and to
    determine the distinction between
    measured and unmeasured language;
    for the popular division into prose and
    verse is inadmissible in accurate phi-

    Sounds as well as thoughts have
    relation both between each other and
    towards that which they represent,
    and a perception of the order of those

    relations has always been found con-
    nected with a perception of the order
    of the relations of thoughts. Hence
    the language of poets has ever affected
    a certain uniform and harmonious recur-
    rence of sound, without which it were
    not poetry, and which is scarcely less
    indispensable to the communication
    of its influence, than the words them-
    selves, without reference to that pecu-
    liar order. Hence the vanity of trans-
    lation; it were as wise to cast a violet
    into a crucible that you might discover
    the formal principle of its colour and
    odour, as seek to transfuse from one
    language into another the creations of
    a poet. The plant must spring again
    from its seed, or it will bear no flower
    and this is the burthen of the curse
    of Babel.

    In a drama of 
    the highest order there is little food for
    censure or hatred; it teaches rather
    self-knowledge and self-respect. Nei-
    ther the eye nor the mind can see it-
    self, unless reflected upon that which
    it resembles. The drama, so long as it
    continues to express poetry, is as a
    prismatic and many-sided mirror,


    which collects the brightest rays of
    human nature and divides and repro-
    duces them from the simplicity of these
    elementary fprms, and touches them
    with majesty and beauty, and multi-
    plies all that it reflects, and endows it
    with the power of propagating its like
    wherever it may fall.

    But in periods of the decay of social
    life, the drama sympathises with that
    decay. Tragedy becomes a cold imita-
    tion of the form of the great master-
    pieces of antiquity, divested of all
    harmonious accompaniment of the
    kindred arts; and often the very form
    misunderstood, or a weak attempt to
    teach certain doctrines, which the
    writer considers as moral truths; and
    which are usually no more than spe-
    cious flatteries of some gross vice or
    weakness, with which the author, in
    common with his auditors, are infec-
    ted. Hence what has been called the
    classical and domestic drama. Addi-
    son's "Cato" is a specimen of the one;


    and would it were not superfluous to
    cite examples of the other! To such
    purposes poetry can not be made sub-
    servient. Poetry is a sword of light-
    ning, ever unsheathed, which consumes
    the scabbard that would contain it.
    And thus we observe that all dramatic
    writings of this nature are unimagina-
    tive in a singular degree; they affect
    sentiment and passion, which, divested
    of imagination, are other names for
    caprice and appetite. The period in
    our own history of the grossest degra-
    dation of the drama is the reign of
    Charles II., when all forms in which
    poetry had been accustomed to be
    expressed became hymns to the tri-
    umph of kingly power over liberty and
    virtue. Milton stood alone illumina-
    ting an age unworthy of him. At such
    periods the calculating principle per-
    vades all the forms of dramatic exhi-
    bition, and poetry ceases to be expressed
    upon them. Comedy loses its ideal uni-
    versality: wit succeeds to humour; we


    laugh from self-complacency and tri-
    umph, instead of pleasure; malignity,
    sarcasm, and contempt succeed to
    sympathetic merrimentj we hardly
    laugh, but we smile. Obscenity, which
    is ever blasphemy against the divine
    beauty in life, becomes, from the very
    veil which it assumes, more active if
    less disgusting: it is a monster for which
    the corruption of society for ever brings
    forth new food, which it devours in
    Men, from causes too intricate 
    to be here discussed, had become insen-
    sible and selfish: their own will had
    become feeble, and yet they were its
    slaves, and thence the slaves of the will
    of others: lust, fear, avarice, cruelty, and
    fraud, characterised a race amongst
    whom no one was to be found capable
    of creating in form, language, or insti-
    tution. The moral anomalies of such
    a state of society are not justly to be
    charged upon any class of events im-
    mediately connected with them, and
    those events are most entitled to our
    approbation which could dissolve it
    most expeditiously. It is unfortunate
    for those who can not distinguish
    words from thoughts, that many of
    these anomalies have been incorpora-
    ted into our popular religion.


    It was not until the eleventh centu-
    ry that the effects of the poetry of the
    Christian and chivalric systems began
    to manifest themselves. The principle
    of equality had been discovered and
    applied by Plato in his Republic, as the
    theoretical rule of the mode in which
    the materials of pleasure and of power
    produced by the common skill and
    labour of human beings ought to be
    distributed among them. The limita-
    tions of this rule were asserted by him
    to be determined only by the sensibility
    of each, or the utility to result to all.
    Plato, following the doctrines of Tim-
    aeus and Pythagoras, taught also a
    moral and intellectual system of doc-
    trine, comprehending at once the past,
    the present, and the future condition
    of man.
    Whilst the mechanist abridges, 
    and the political economist combines
    labour, let them beware that their
    speculations, for want of correspond-
    ence with those first principles which
    belong to the imagination, do not tend,
    as they have in modern England, to
    exasperate at once the extremes of
    luxury and want. They have exempli-
    fied the saying, "To him that hath,
    more shall be given; and from him that
    hath not, the little that he hath shall
    be taken away." The rich have become
    richer, and the poor have become poor-
    er; and the vessel of the state is driven
    between the Scylla and Charybdis of
    anarchy and despotism. Such are the
    effects which must ever flow from an
    unmitigated exercise of the calculating



    Luther is well known for using anal and defecatory metaphors throughout his more polemical writings (i.e. Table Talk), although most were aimed at the Papacy. However, the reformer was so fond of all things scatological, that he even utilized fecal wordplay in explaining his theology. He once expressed his readiness to depart from this world in the formula, “I am the ripe shard and the world is the gaping anus.”

     Whilst the mechanist abridges, 
    and the political economist combines
    labour, let them beware that their
    speculations, for want of correspond-
    ence with those first principles which
    belong to the imagination, do not tend,
    as they have in modern England, to
    exasperate at once the extremes of
    luxury and want. They have exempli-
    fied the saying, "To him that hath,
    more shall be given; and from him that
    hath not, the little that he hath shall
    be taken away." The rich have become
    richer, and the poor have become poor-
    er; and the vessel of the state is driven
    between the Scylla and Charybdis of
    anarchy and despotism. Such are the
    effects which must ever flow from an
    unmitigated exercise of the calculating

    It is difficult to define pleasure in its

    highest sense; the definition involving
    a number of apparent paradoxes. For,
    from an inexplicable defect of harmo-
    ny in the constitution of human nature,
    the pain of the inferior is frequently
    connected with the pleasures of the
    superior portions of our being.

    Poetry is not like reasoning, a
    power to be exerted according to the
    determination of the will A man can-
    not say, "I will compose poetry." The
    greatest poet even can not say it; for
    the mind in creation is as a fading coal,
    which some invisible influence, like an
    inconstant wind, awakens to transitory
    brightness; this power arises from with-
    in, like the colour of a flower which
    fades and changes as it is developed,


    and the conscious portions of our na-
    tures are unprophetic either of its ap-
    proach or its departure. Could this
    influence be durable in its original purity
    and force, it is impossible to predict the
    greatness of the results; but when
    composition begins, inspiration is al-
    ready on the decline, and the most
    glorious poetry that has ever been com-
    municated to the world is probably a
    feeble shadow of the original concep-
    tions of the poet.

    Poetry is the record of the best and
    happiest moments of the happiest and
    best minds. We are aware of evanes-
    cent visitations of thought and feeling
    sometimes associated with place or
    person, sometimes regarding our own


    mind alone, and always arising unfore-
    seen and departing unbidden, but ele-
    vating and delightful beyond all expres-
    sion: so that even in the desire and the
    regret they leave, there cannot but be
    pleasure, participating as it does in the
    nature of its object. It is as it were the
    interpenetration of a diviner nature
    through our own; but its footsteps are
    like those of a wind over the sea, which
    the coming calm erases, and whose
    traces remain only as on the wrinkled
    sand which paves it. These and cor-
    responding conditions of being are ex-
    perienced principally by those of the
    most delicate sensibility and the most
    enlarged imagination; and the state of
    mind produced by them is at war with
    every base desire. The enthusiasm of
    virtue, love, patriotism, and friendship
    is essentially linked with such emotions;
    and whilst they last, self appears as
    what it is, an atom to a universe. Poets
    are not only subject to these experien-
    ces as spirits of the most refined organ-


    isation, but they can colour all that
    they combine with the evanescent hues
    of this ethereal world; a word, a trait
    in the representation of a scene or a
    passion will touch the enchanted chord,
    and reanimate, in those who have ever
    experienced these emotions, the sleep-
    ing, the cold, the buried image of the
    past, Poetry thus makes immortal all
    that is best and most beautiful in the
    world; it arrests the vanishing appari-
    tions which haunt the interlunations of
    life, and veiling them, or in language
    or in form, sends them forth among
    mankind, bearing sweet news of kind-
    red joy to those with whom their sisters
    abide abide, because there is no portal
    of expression from the caverns of the
    spirit which they inhabit into the uni-
    verse of things. Poetry redeems from
    decay the visitations of the divinity in

    least in relation to the percipient.
    "The mind is its own place, and of
    itself can make a heaven of hell, a hell
    of heaven." But poetry defeats the curse
    which binds us to be subjected to the
    accident of surrounding impressions.
    And whether it spreads its own figured
    curtain, or withdraws life's dark veil
    from before the scene of things, it


    equally creates for us a being within
    our being. It makes us the inhabitants
    of a world to which the familiar world
    is a chaos. It reproduces the common
    universe of which we are portions and
    percipients, and it purges from our in-
    ward sight the film of familiarity which
    obscures from us the wonder of our

    It is presumptuous to determine that
    these are the necessary conditions of all
    mental causation, when mental effects
    are experienced unsusceptible of being
    referred to them. The frequent recur-
    rence of the poetical power, it is obvi-
    ous to suppose, may produce in the
    mind a habit of order and harmony
    correlative with its own nature and
    with its effect upon other minds. But
    in the intervals of inspiration, and they
    may be frequent without being durable,
    a poet becomes a man, and is abandoned
    to the sudden reflux of the influences
    under which others habitually live. But
    as he is more delicately organised than
    other men, and sensible to pain and
    pleasure, both his own and that of
    others, in a degree unknown to them,
    he will avoid the one and pursue the
    other with an ardour proportioned to
    this difference. And he renders himself
    obnoxious to calumny, when he neglects
    to observe the circumstances under
    which these objects of universal pursuit


    and flight have disguised themselves in
    one another's garments.
    We can now see why, at this stage, Plato stops short, indeed far short, of banishing the poets from the ideal city. The poets offer indispensable techne. They have expertise about meter, rhythm, and melody, that is, about the mnemo-technical procedures, the sine qua non of poetry (Brisson 1998, 48). If the poets were banned, then the founders of Callipolis, that is, the philosophers, would not only have to provide the tupoi that poetry must follow but also to compose the muthoi themselves. They would be responsible for the content (logos), the form (lexis) and the accompanying music corresponding to the muthoi. But would this be part of the philosopher-king job description according to the natural division of labour? Is composing poetry and everything it entails, part of the one thing they are expected to do well (contra Naddaff 1992, 7-8 for example)? This question is rarely addressed.
    In conjunction, Plato contends that it is sometimes necessary for men to tell falsehoods (pseude, see 376e-379b) and then institutionalize them. The myth of the metals,24 to which the children are to be exposed from the earliest age, serves to convince the inhabitants that Callipolis is autochtonous and, thus, one and indivisible, even though it is in fact made up of three distinct groups – the rulers are introduced at 412a-c, according to the natural division of labour (3.415a-d). Continued reliance on this fiction strongly suggests that the dramatic enactment, the mimesis, of such poetry will continue in Callipolis.25 But is it the job of philosophers to be directly involved in the staging of such deceptions? Prior to invoking the myth, Plato insists that, to determine who among them is most resistant to deception, the potential future guardians will from childhood be tested with different forms of deception (412e-413e) including magic (goeteia), possibly in the form of the most potent magical spell of all: “imitative poetry” (413d; 607c-608a). This could suggest that the poets would be requested by the state officials to create deceptive plays for the children of the guardians to see if they are conforming to the appropriate models. A position he seems less inclined to endorse in Republic 10.
    When we turn to Republic 10, we encounter a much harsher assessment of imitative poetry. By this time we have a better idea of what Plato understands by the role of philosophers in the “ideal” city, and of how the three parts of the soul are distinguished from each other. We can now also contrast the difference between a traditional education and a philosophical education. From an epistemological perspective, the poet is three or four degrees from reality. He does with words what a painter does with colours; a painter does not even paint the image of a particular bed, let alone the form of a bed, but only a particular bed as it appears from different perspectives (596e-598c).26 Such an imitator has neither knowledge nor right opinion. The poet, like the painter, has no direct knowledge of his subject matter.
    Plato argues that all imitative poetry, in particular the tragic poetry of Homer, should be excluded from the city. Homer has no techne to teach us. There is nothing in his work that guides us toward political and moral excellence. 
    The role of the poet in Plato’s ideal cities of Callipolis and Magnesia
    Gerard Naddaf
    York University, Toronto, Canadá
    Hose slave, Stockholm syndrome, Discorand, resolution not revolution, peacefull not violent research. Truth and reconcilliation southafrics. Quicggle re lies during war.
    Quiggleys words.p.232 tragedy and Hope.
    ´´but criticism should have been directed rather at the hypocrisy and lack
    of realism in the ideals of the wartime propaganda and at the lack of honesty of the chief negotiators in carrying on the pretense that these ideals were still in effect while they violated them daily, and necessarily violated them. The settlements were clearly made by secret negotiations, by the Great Powers exclusively, and by power politics. They had to be. No settlements could ever have been made on any other bases. The failure of the chief negotiators (at least the Anglo-Americans) to admit this is regrettable, but behind their
    reluctance to admit it is the even more regrettable fact that the lack of political experience and political education of the American and English electorates made it dangerous for the negotiators to admit the facts of life in international political relationships.”
    This position is reiterated at Laws 810eff. The Athenian again states that the “traditional” poets have produced a lot of fine work – as well as a lot of rubbish. The Athenian states that, to separate the good from the bad, the poets (poietai) must follow models (paradeigmata) that emulate the new “laws” being composed (811c-e). These laws are indeed the mandatory paradigm of a “literary composition”. The Athenian characterizes the discourse of theLaws as both “divinely inspired” (ouk aneu tinos epipnoias theon) and as resembling a poem (poiesei, 811c; see also 817a-d on the legislator as tragedian).
    The Athenian seems to distinguish two kinds of poets in the Laws – contemporary poets who practice a teachable craft (e.g 669bff and above) and the inspired traditional poets, Homer and Hesiod (see 669b). Plato refers to professional poets on several occasions (656c; 662b; 802b; 811e; 816e; 935e; 936a). These poets, like the professional teachers and musicians with whom they collaborate, are explicitly stated to be salaried foreign employees of the state of Magnesia (e.g., Laws 7.811e; 858d; see also Morrow 1960, 326-327; 330-340). Such poets fulfil the expectation articulated in the Frogs by Euripides that poets possess both a teachable poetic craft and high moral standards. They do not include, however, the troupe of foreign “tragedians” who request, and are denied, admission to Magnesia to perform their own dramatic poetry (817a-d).
    It would seem that the poetic technicians mentioned above would be made redundant by the famous “third” chorus, the chorus of Dionysus in Laws 2.670aff, who epitomize the actions of “good men”. The members of this chorus are to be masters with a “higher” knowledge of music. Although a poetic technician needs to know about harmony and rhythm and the art of representation, he may not know “whether the representation is noble or ignoble” (2.670e). Such knowledge requires a higher music, one derived from the “actual Muses” (669c; 812b-c), beyond the reach of salaried functionaries. Nonetheless, there are too many references to these foreign technicians to think them expendable. It should thus be argued that these technicians have the technical skill and knowledge to convey to the young the paradigms of their Dionysian masters.

    Plato insists that the laws of Magnesia45 must be set to music – a music that, like the laws themselves, must never be changed – and not only sung but also danced to in chorus with the accompaniment of the lyre (812a-e). And Plato insists on several occasions in the Laws that all mousike, including his own, is imitative and representative (e.g., Laws 668a6, b10; 669c; 802c-d;7; 803a-b; 854b). In other words, the laws must be poetized and set to music and therefore “performed” in a fashion reminiscent of “dramatic poetry”.

    This explains why, in refusing entry to the travelling troupe of foreign tragedians, the Athenian has the citizens of Magnesia say that they themselves are the greatest “tragedians,” the greatest poets (poietes), the greatest “performers,” and their laws the greatest “tragedy” (7.817a-d). If our lives must be modelled on the divine, what is a better way to communicate the divine, to imitate the divine, then through God’s own divine plan: through singing and dancing the dramatic poetic tragedy of the Laws, the ultimate road to earthly virtue and happiness?
    In the final analysis, if “dramatic poetry” was seen an addictive drug in the Republic, indeed, from the time of its inception, it seems that Plato has now channelled it toward a useful end. There can be no poetry in the ancient Greek tradition without singing and dancing. In fact, the mark of a well-educated man, as Plato contents in theLaws (644b) “is one that is able to sing and dance well”. Since all music is a matter of “rhythm and harmony” (665 a), in which poets excel, along with “representation and imitation” (668 a-c), the models of which are provided by philosophers and legislators, we can now appreciate why the talent and skills of both groups must be amalgamated in order for Plato to realize his dreams.
    What does Plato understand by this limited kind of poetry and does it include an “imitative” nature? To what degree if any, is it contrary to what we saw in Republic 3? And, once again, would this kind of poetry be composed by a class of individuals with a specialized techne that Plato would characterize as “poets”?
    Now in the “ideal” city of Callipolis, as we saw, traditional poetry is as severely restricted for epistemological as for moral reasons (although the former appear to reinforce the latter). Plato’s primary opposition is based on the notion that the primary entities in myth: gods, heroes, daimons, events in Hades,29 were seen as the models of human behaviour in traditional poetry. In the passage cited above, Plato appears to limit poetry to “hymns to the gods” and “encomia of good people.” Let’s look more closely at these.
    Socrates – GLAUCON 
    I fear, said Glaucon, laughing, that the words ‘every one’ hardly includes me, for I cannot at the moment say what they should be; though I may guess. 
    At any rate you can tell that a song or ode has three parts –the words, the melody, and the rhythm; that degree of knowledge I may presuppose? 
    Yes, he said; so much as that you may. 
    And as for the words, there surely be no difference words between words which are and which are not set to music; both will conform to the same laws, and these have been already determined by us? 
    And the melody and rhythm will depend upon the words? 
    We were saying, when we spoke of the subject-matter, that we had no need of lamentations and strains of sorrow? 
    And which are the harmonies expressive of sorrow? You are musical, and can tell me. 
    The harmonies which you mean are the mixed or tenor Lydian, and the full-toned or bass Lydian, and such like. 
    These then, I said, must be banished; even to women who have a character to maintain they are of no use, and much less to men. Certainly. 
    In the next place, drunkenness and softness and indolence are utterly unbecoming the character of our guardians. 
    Utterly unbecoming. 
    And which are the soft or drinking harmonies? 
    The Ionian, he replied, and the Lydian; they are termed ‘relaxed.’ 
    Well, and are these of any military use? 
    Quite the reverse, he replied; and if so the Dorian and the Phrygian are the only ones which you have left. 
    I answered: Of the harmonies I know nothing, but I want to have one warlike, to sound the note or accent which a brave man utters in the hour of danger and stern resolve, or when his cause is failing, and he is going to wounds or death or is overtaken by some other evil, and at every such crisis meets the blows of fortune with firm step and a determination to endure; and another to be used by him in times of peace and freedom of action, when there is no pressure of necessity, and he is seeking to persuade God by prayer, or man by instruction and admonition, or on the other hand, when he is expressing his willingness to yield to persuasion or entreaty or admonition, and which represents him when by prudent conduct he has attained his end, not carried away by his success, but acting moderately and wisely under the circumstances, and acquiescing in the event. These two harmonies I ask you to leave; the strain of necessity and the strain of freedom, the strain of the unfortunate and the strain of the fortunate, the strain of courage, and the strain of temperance; these, I say, leave. 
    And these, he replied, are the Dorian and Phrygian harmonies of which I was just now speaking. 
    Then, I said, if these and these only are to be used in our songs and melodies, we shall not want multiplicity of notes or a panharmonic scale? 
    I suppose not. 
    Then we shall not maintain the artificers of lyres with three corners and complex scales, or the makers of any other many-stringed curiously-harmonised instruments? 
    Certainly not. 
    But what do you say to flute-makers and flute-players? Would you admit them into our State when you reflect that in this composite use of harmony the flute is worse than all the stringed instruments put together; even the panharmonic music is only an imitation of the flute? 
    Clearly not. 
    There remain then only the lyre and the harp for use in the city, and the shepherds may have a pipe in the country. 
    That is surely the conclusion to be drawn from the argument. 
    The preferring of Apollo and his instruments to Marsyas and his instruments is not at all strange, I said. 
    Not at all, he replied. 
    And so, by the dog of Egypt, we have been unconsciously purging the State, which not long ago we termed luxurious. 
    And we have done wisely, he replied. 
    Then let us now finish the purgation, I said. Next in order to harmonies, rhythms will naturally follow, and they should be subject to the same rules, for we ought not to seek out complex systems of metre, or metres of every kind, but rather to discover what rhythms are the expressions of a courageous and harmonious life; and when we have found them, we shall adapt the foot and the melody to words having a like spirit, not the words to the foot and melody. To say what these rhythms are will be your duty –you must teach me them, as you have already taught me the harmonies. 
    But, indeed, he replied, I cannot tell you. I only know that there are some three principles of rhythm out of which metrical systems are framed, just as in sounds there are four notes out of which all the harmonies are composed; that is an observation which I have made. But of what sort of lives they are severally the imitations I am unable to say. 
    Then, I said, we must take Damon into our counsels; and he will tell us what rhythms are expressive of meanness, or insolence, or fury, or other unworthiness, and what are to be reserved for the expression of opposite feelings. And I think that I have an indistinct recollection of his mentioning a complex Cretic rhythm; also a dactylic or heroic, and he arranged them in some manner which I do not quite understand, making the rhythms equal in the rise and fall of the foot, long and short alternating; and, unless I am mistaken, he spoke of an iambic as well as of a trochaic rhythm, and assigned to them short and long quantities. Also in some cases he appeared to praise or censure the movement of the foot quite as much as the rhythm; or perhaps a combination of the two; for I am not certain what he meant. These matters, however, as I was saying, had better be referred to Damon himself, for the analysis of the subject would be difficult, you know. 
    Rather so, I should say. 
    But there is no difficulty in seeing that grace or the absence of grace is an effect of good or bad rhythm. 
    None at all. 
    And also that good and bad rhythm naturally assimilate to a good and bad style; and that harmony and discord in like manner follow style; for our principle is that rhythm and harmony are regulated by the words, and not the words by them. 
    Just so, he said, they should follow the words. 
    And will not the words and the character of the style depend on the temper of the soul? 
    And everything else on the style? 
    Then beauty of style and harmony and grace and good rhythm depend on simplicity, –I mean the true simplicity of a rightly and nobly ordered mind and character, not that other simplicity which is only an euphemism for folly? 
    Very true, he replied. 
    And if our youth are to do their work in life, must they not make these graces and harmonies their perpetual aim? 
    They must. 
    And surely the art of the painter and every other creative and constructive art are full of them, –weaving, embroidery, architecture, and every kind of manufacture; also nature, animal and vegetable, –in all of them there is grace or the absence of grace. And ugliness and discord and inharmonious motion are nearly allied to ill words and ill nature, as grace and harmony are the twin sisters of goodness and virtue and bear their likeness. 
    That is quite true, he said. 
    But shall our superintendence go no further, and are the poets only to be required by us to express the image of the good in their works, on pain, if they do anything else, of expulsion from our State? Or is the same control to be extended to other artists, and are they also to be prohibited from exhibiting the opposite forms of vice and intemperance and meanness and indecency in sculpture and building and the other creative arts; and is he who cannot conform to this rule of ours to be prevented from practising his art in our State, lest the taste of our citizens be corrupted by him? We would not have our guardians grow up amid images of moral deformity, as in some noxious pasture, and there browse and feed upon many a baneful herb and flower day by day, little by little, until they silently gather a festering mass of corruption in their own soul. Let our artists rather be those who are gifted to discern the true nature of the beautiful and graceful; then will our youth dwell in a land of health, amid fair sights and sounds, and receive the good in everything; and beauty, the effluence of fair works, shall flow into the eye and ear, like a health-giving breeze from a purer region, and insensibly draw the soul from earliest years into likeness and sympathy with the beauty of reason. 
    There can be no nobler training than that, he replied. 
    And therefore, I said, Glaucon, musical training is a more potent instrument than any other, because rhythm and harmony find their way into the inward places of the soul, on which they mightily fasten, imparting grace, and making the soul of him who is rightly educated graceful, or of him who is ill-educated ungraceful; and also because he who has received this true education of the inner being will most shrewdly perceive omissions or faults in art and nature, and with a true taste, while he praises and rejoices over and receives into his soul the good, and becomes noble and good, he will justly blame and hate the bad, now in the days of his youth, even before he is able to know the reason why; and when reason comes he will recognise and salute the friend with whom his education has made him long familiar. 
    Yes, he said, I quite agree with you in thinking that our youth should be trained in music and on the grounds which you mention. 
    Just as in learning to read, I said, we were satisfied when we knew the letters of the alphabet, which are very few, in all their recurring sizes and combinations; not slighting them as unimportant whether they occupy a space large or small, but everywhere eager to make them out; and not thinking ourselves perfect in the art of reading until we recognise them wherever they are found: 
    True — 
    Or, as we recognise the reflection of letters in the water, or in a mirror, only when we know the letters themselves; the same art and study giving us the knowledge of both: 
    Exactly — 
    Even so, as I maintain, neither we nor our guardians, whom we have to educate, can ever become musical until we and they know the essential forms, in all their combinations, and can recognise them and their images wherever they are found, not slighting them either in small things or great, but believing them all to be within the sphere of one art and study. 
    Most assuredly. 
    And when a beautiful soul harmonises with a beautiful form, and the two are cast in one mould, that will be the fairest of sights to him who has an eye to see it? 
    The fairest indeed. 
    And the fairest is also the loveliest? 
    That may be assumed. 
    And the man who has the spirit of harmony will be most in love with the loveliest; but he will not love him who is of an inharmonious soul? 
    Erica Chenoweth
    Erica Chenoweth and Maria J. Stephan. Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict.  
    New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. ISBN: 978-0-231-15682-0. 296 pp. ; $ 29.50. –
    Reviewed by Jason Rineheart
    Erica Chenoweth’s and Maria J. Stephan’s book is one of the most timely released study in the past decade. Shortly after non-violent protest movements swept the Middle East – changing regimes and the political discourse in many countries – the two researchers released this comprehensive study, analyzing the historical efficacy of non-violent resistance.
    Using their Non-violent and Violent Campaigns and Outcomes (NAVCO) data set, the authors quantitatively analyzed 323 violent and non-violent resistance campaigns for the period 1900 to 2006. Their conclusion: non-violent movements are nearly twice as likely to achieve success (or partial success) than their violent counterparts. Chenoweth and Stephan hypothesize that non-violent campaigns are more likely to succeed because non-violent activism creates lower barriers to participation, creating the conditions for diverse membership and allowing mass mobilization across key social sectors.
    Perhaps their most interesting findings relate to the consequences of violent and non-violent movements for post-conflict regimes. The NAVCO data show that successful non-violent movements produce democratic regimes more often than successful violent movements. Interestingly, the data also reveal that non-violent campaigns do not necessarily benefit from outside material support, although the authors acknowledge that small amounts of money, sanctions, and international public support can have a positive impact on successful movements. However, they caution that “outside support for local non-violent groups is a double-edged sword” since that is often used by regimes to delegitimize such movements (p. 225).
    To support their findings, four case studies explain why some non-violent movements achieve success, partial success, and, at times, fail. The Iranian revolution (1977-1979) and the Philippine People’s Power movement (1983-1986) are their textbook examples of how broad-based civil resistance, mass participation, and strategic non-cooperation from all sectors of society can succeed against authoritarian regimes. Similarly, the authors make a persuasive case in their explanation why the First Palestinian Intifada (1987-1992) was a relatively peaceful movement that achieved “partial success,” or at least more progress than the violence used by the PLO and Hamas. The label “partial success” in this instance is one that some analysts may take issue with, since the Israeli occupation and settlement activity increased substantially over the following decades. Finally, the Burmese Uprising (1988-1990) case study shows how both violent and non-violent campaigns can fail if such movements do not create and maintain unified popular support and generate loyalty shifts within a regime.
    Perhaps Chenoweth and Stephan’s most daunting task is pre-empting scholarly critiques questioning how they can accurately define a resistance movement as entirely “violent” or entirely “non-violent”, and sufficiently determine which faction contributed most to a movement’s success when such movements operate simultaneously. But when compared against years of failed violent activism in countries like Iran and the Philippines, the authors argue that identifying and framing successful non-violent campaigns within the fog of violent and non-violent activism is actually not as difficult as some may assume, especially when considering the amount of diverse support and mass mobilization that successful non-violent movements produce.
    True to academic form, the book reads as a lengthy, quantitative research report full of nuance, definitions, and important caveats explaining the inherent difficulties when systematically studying violent and non-violent movements. Some may disagree with their methodologies or the way they coded their data, but their justifications and rationales are refreshingly straightforward and transparent.
    Yet when it comes to framing their study, one striking aspect that may irk some scholars is how they situate their research within existing the literature. They claim that a “prevailing view among political scientists is that opposition movements select terrorism and violent insurgency strategies because such means are more effective than non-violent strategies at achieving policy goals” (p. 6). They argue that Robert Pape’s (2003, 2005, 2010) work – which holds that suicide terrorism is an effective strategy to defeat occupying democratic powers – “could be applied to almost all scholars whose research tests the efficacy of different violent methods” because such scholars fail to compare violent methods to non-violent alternatives (p. 25-26).
    It is certainly true that some security scholars are biased toward studying violent conflict. But it is a bit unfair to project Pape’s heavily criticized work onto the entire research community as accepted scholarship, particularly when several terrorism researchers have argued that using terrorism as a strategic tactic is rarely successful and at times even self-defeating (Crenshaw, 1992; Rapoport, 1992; Hoffman, 2006; Abrahms, 2006). Moreover, the authors’ data reveal that insurgent movements in their data base succeed roughly 25% of the time, which they acknowledge is in line with similar other studies. Thus, despite framing their research as breaking new ground in the arena of security studies, their findings are actually in line with accepted scholarship on the relative ineffectiveness of terrorism and insurgent violence.
    The book is novel in its attempt to quantitatively compare and contrast violent and non-violent insurgencies and in pushing back against security scholarship that has been reluctant to study non-violent movements. As such, it is a welcomed contribution. Terrorism researchers, alas, are left wanting more nuanced analysis on the efficacy of terrorism and insurgent tactics within their NAVCO data set. But perhaps such a study is in the works.
    About the ReviewerJason Rineheart is a Research Assistant at the Terrorism Research Initiative.

    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

    See also[edit]

    I was blown away by the appearance of Melina Abdullah of Black Lives Matters on Democracy now yesterday following the Sanders win in the Michigan Primary. Professor Abdullah made a persuasive case for those interested in real change in the US not to become over invested in a democratic (sic) process simply not designed as democratic in the sense of By the people for the people. The process is corrupt how ever hard Sanders or in a charitable case Clinton and even Trump push back against. Its wider than that and the African American viewpoint is not something as A white Male expatriate white British Male in Sweden could ever understand let alone articulate so Reading Professors work as I have Dr Cornell Wests ( Race Matters for instance) will provide me something of a shadow in the Allegory of the Cave. Cornell West inspired my Track Blues Man in the life of the mind. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8jadV… and when Professor Abdulllah mentioned and quite obviously referenced the Great Gil Scott Herons the revolution will not be televised I had to just edit that together along with some of the words of my Favorite living Philosopher Cornell West, and of Course the Dangerous Dude from the Brooklyn Hood Bernie Sanders. What happens in the US is more important to my Country of Birth The United Kingdom than the referendum to leave the EU, My blog on that can be found here. http://letthemconfectsweeterlies.blogspot.se/2016/03/brexit-smexit-why-we-should-all-be.html
    Fairuse and not for profit.
    Attribution according to you tube Standard licemce
    Democracy Now
    The Young Turks
    The Revolution Will not be televised
    Gil Scott-Heron – The Revolution Will Not Be Televised – Full Band Version
    We’re not telling people not to vote, we’re simply not endorsing any presidential candidate,” Dr. Abdullah said to Democracy Now.
    Dr. Abdullah expanded this thought by stating that, in her view, neither democratic candidate held a “strong command” or demonstrated a willingness to really invest the time or energy to develop plans on issues related to race and black oppression; this has led to a lack of faith in both democratic candidates.
    Their lack of endorsement more broadly derives from a suspicion of the entire party system, which Dr. Abdullah identifies in her 2015 article as “a White supremacist heteronormative patriarchal capitalist hegemony that intentionally builds policies and institutions that systematically target, oppress, and exploit black people.”
    We recognize that both the Democratic Party and the Republican Party are controlled by monied interests,” Dr. Abdullah said, “And as much as Bernie Sanders and, to a lesser degree, Hillary Clinton have kind of pushed back against that idea that they’re controlled by money, and Bernie Sanders has kind of identified with socialism, still we know that the Democratic and Republican Party are built to entrench themselves. So no matter what the candidates attempt to do, being controlled by the two-party system is hugely problematic and is disempowering and oppressive to Black people.”
    Busily writing a piece on Bourgoise aeshetics in ´´Progressive´´Politics. Progressive itself is a bourgoise patronisation of the class war. There are tow classes The Oligarchs and their bourgoise apologists, henchmen and House Slaves and then there is the rest. ROghly speaaking 99%1% bit really .01%, the 1% and then the 5-15%
    The managerial class the french actually have catogories that make the most sense, even more complex than the arcania of British class sensibilities.France and French-speaking countries[edit]
    In English, the term bourgeoisie is often used to denote the middle classes. In fact, the French term encompasses both the upper and middle classes,[12] a misunderstanding which has occurred in other languages as well. The bourgeoisie in France and many French-speaking countries consists of four evolving social layers: petite bourgeoisie, moyenne bourgeoisie, grande bourgeoisie, and haute bourgeoisie.
    Petite Bourgeoisie[edit]
    The petite bourgeoisie consists of people who have experienced a brief ascension in social mobility for one or two generations.[citation needed] It usually starts with a trade or craft, and by the second and third generation, a family may rise another level. The petite bourgeois would belong to the British lower middle class and would be American middle income. They are distinguished mainly by their mentality, and would differentiate themselves from the proletariat or working class. This class would include artisans, small traders, shopkeepers, and small farm owners. They are not employed, but may not be able to afford employees themselves.
    Moyenne Bourgeoisie[edit]
    The moyenne bourgeoisie or middle bourgeoisie contains people who have solid incomes and assets, but not the aura of those who have become established at a higher level. They tend to belong to a family that has been bourgeois for three or more generations.[citation needed] Some members of this class may have relatives from similar backgrounds, or may even have aristocratic connections. The moyenne bourgeoisie is the equivalent of the British and American upper-middle classes.
    Grande Bourgeoisie[edit]
    The grande bourgeoisie are families that have been bourgeois since the 19th century, or for at least four or five generations.[citation needed] Members of these families tend to marry with the aristocracy or make other advantageous marriages. This bourgeoisie family has acquired an established historical and cultural heritage over the decades. The names of these families are generally known in the city where they reside, and their ancestors have often contributed to the region’s history. These families are respected and revered. They belong to the upper class, and in the British class system are considered part of the gentry. In the French-speaking countries, they are sometimes referred la petite haute bourgeoisie.
    Haute Bourgeoisie[edit]
    The haute bourgeoisie is a social rank in the bourgeoisie that can only be acquired through time. In France, it is composed of bourgeois families that have existed since the French Revolution.[citation needed] They hold only honourable professions and have experienced many illustrious marriages in their family’s history. They have rich cultural and historical heritages, and their financial means are more than secure.
    These families exude an aura of nobility, which prevents them from certain marriages or occupations. They only differ from nobility in that due to circumstances, the lack of opportunity, and/or political regime, they have not been ennobled. These people nevertheless live a lavish lifestyle, enjoying the company of the great artists of the time. In France, the families of the haute bourgeoisie are also referred to as les 200 familles, a term coined in the first half of the 20th century. Michel Pinçon and Monique Pinçon-Charlot studied the lifestyle of the French bourgeoisie, and how they boldly guard their world from the nouveau riche, or newly rich.
    In the French language, the term bourgeoisie almost designates a caste by itself, even though social mobility into this socio-economic group is possible. Nevertheless, the bourgeoisie is differentiated from la classe moyenne, or the middle class, which consists mostly of white-collar employees, by holding a profession referred to as a profession libérale, which la classe moyenne, in its definition does not hold.[citation needed] Yet, in English the definition of a white-collar job encompasses the profession libérale. I am currently writing notes to coalesce around a broad theme related to Resolution as in resolving from the discordant to the Harmonious, Developing a theory of resolution through conciousness as opposed to the baggage that is attendant upon Violent revolution. the Linguistic hijacking Detourn ment https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%C3%A9tournement is much of what the Situationist identified as the lies are truth backwards logic reversal of certainties to absurdities of the consumer society. Anyway, suffcie to say, its all very interesting but the time just evaporates. This on why Civil resistance works is very good, I encountered the theory a couple of years ago.http://www.ericachenoweth.com/research/wcrw/ I have edited together a video sequence that sort of gets at what I am aiming for but at present I am not sure where the theme will lead.https://youtu.be/vxMP4IAkgpU?t=28m31s
    My aim is not to provide excuses for black behavior or to absolve blacks of personal responsibility. But when the new black conservatives accent black behavior and responsibility in such a way that the cultural realities of black people are ignored, they are playing a deceptive and dangerous intellectual game with the lives and fortunes of disadvantaged people. We indeed must criticize and condemn immoral acts of black people, but we must do so cognizant of the circumstances into which people are born and under which they live. By overlooking these circumstances, the new black conservatives fall into the trap of blaming black poor people for their predicament. It is imperative to steer a course between the Scylla of environmental determinism and the Charybdis of a blaming-the-victims perspective.

    ― Cornel WestRace Matters

    Without the presence of black people in America, European-Americans would not be “white”– they would be Irish, Italians, Poles, Welsh, and other engaged in class, ethnic, and gender struggles over resources and identity. (p. 107-108)” 
    ― Cornel WestRace Matters

    ncle Tom syndrome

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Illustration of Tom and Eva by Hammatt Billings for the 1853 deluxe edition of Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
    Uncle Tom syndrome is a concept in psychology.[1] It refers to a coping skill where individuals use passivity and submissiveness when confronted with a threat, leading to subservient behaviour and appeasement, while concealing their true thoughts and feelings. The term “Uncle Tom” comes from the title character of Harriet Beecher Stowe‘s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, where the African American slave Tom is beaten to death by a cruel white master for refusing to betray the whereabouts of two other slaves.
    In the American racial context, Uncle Tom is a pejorative term for blacks that give up or hide their ethnic or gender outlooks, traits, and practices, in order to be accepted into the mainstream—a so-called race traitor. In African American parlance this is also derogatorily known as an Oreo cookie: black on the outside, and white on the inside.[2]
    In race minority literature Uncle Tom syndrome refers to blacks that, as a necessary survival technique, opt to appear docile, non-assertive, and happy-go-lucky. Especially during slavery, blacks used passivity and servility to minimize retaliation and maximize own survival.[3] Key notions are integrity and self-respect. For instance, the Aboriginal Australian Corranderrk are reported to have conformed to European ways while still retaining group dignity and individual self-respect, thereby not succumbing to the Uncle Tom syndrome.[4]
    In a broader context the term may refer to a minority’s strategy of coping with oppression from socially, culturally or economically dominant groups involving suppression of aggressive feelings and even identification with the oppressor, leading to “forced assimilation/acculturation” of the cultural minority.[5]

    See also[edit]

    Origin and meaning[edit]

    This section needs expansionYou can help by adding to it. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page(June 2015)
    The term was used in the speech “Message to the Grass Roots” (1963) by African-American activist Malcolm X, wherein he explains that during slavery, there were two kinds of slaves: “house Negroes”, who worked in the master’s house, and “field Negroes“, who performed the manual labor outside. He characterizes the house Negro as having a better life than the field Negro, and thus being unwilling to leave the plantation and potentially more likely to support existing power structures that favor whites over blacks. Malcolm X identified with the field Negro.[1]
    The term is used against individuals,[2][3] in critiques of attitudes within the African American community,[4] and as a borrowed term for critiquing parallel situations.[5] For example,as Natalie Pompilio reports in Legacy.com: [6]

    “At the peak of comic Flip Wilson‘s popularity, some of his contemporaries criticized him for not doing enough to advance the cause of African-Americans. After all, his hit television program, The Flip Wilson Show, gave him access to millions of viewers each week in the heavily segregated America of the early 1970s. Yet his humor was lighthearted and apolitical.Richard Pryor even told Flip he was ‘the NBC house Negro’.”



    Although Karl Marx frequently denounced ideology in general, there is no evidence that he ever actually used the phrase “false consciousness”. It appears to have been used—at least in print—only by Friedrich Engels.[1]
    Engels wrote:[2]

    Ideology is a process accomplished by the so-called thinker. Consciously, it is true, but with a false consciousness. The real motive forces impelling him remain unknown to him; otherwise it simply would not be an ideological process. Hence he imagines false or apparent motives. […]

    It is above all this appearance of an independent history of state constitutions, of systems of law, of ideological conceptions in every separate domain, which dazzles most people. If Luther and Calvin “overcome” the official Catholic religion, or Hegel “overcomes” Fichte and Kant or if the constitutional Montesquieu is indirectly “overcome” by Rousseau with his “Social Contract,” each of these events remains within the sphere of theology, philosophy or political science, represents a stage in the history of these particular spheres of thought and never passes outside the sphere of thought. And since the bourgeois illusion of the eternity and the finality of capitalist production has been added as well, even the victory of the physiocrats and Adam Smith over the mercantilists is accounted as a sheer victory of thought; not as the reflection in thought of changed economic facts but as the finally achieved correct understanding of actual conditions subsisting always and everywhere […]

    Here Engels expresses semantic baggage associated with the term ideology, i.e. that it implies a lack of objectivity, which the term had at the time of its introduction from German (due in no small part to a reaction to Hegelianism). This has somewhat substantially been lost over the nearly two centuries since then as “ideology” has come to be equated with “world view” or “philosophy”. False consciousness is theoretically linked with the concepts of the dominant ideology and cultural hegemony, and to a lesser extent with cognitive dissonance. The idea of false consciousness has also been used by Marxist feminists and radical feminists with regard to women’s studies.[3][4]

    Bach and just and mean temperament

    cest sychophant nes pas, plus ca change.
    Transcendent resolution¨
    Famous musical resolutions
    Power politics, representative of people constituency-
    Anthropogenic, Anthropocene
    Viscous, Vice

  • rogerglewis 2:39 pm on September 29, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Bourgeois resolution. A poem in Three Voices for added 4th part Harmony. 

    This poem is about pedagogy of the oppressed it represents all that I have come to understand about representative democracy and the disjoint between Power, Power relations and Political Power. Politicians claiming Democratic objectives in the interests of the Constituents of the communities they represent but actually patronize. This is the Tension between Elites from Grande Bourgeois to Petit Bourgeoise and their aversion too all forms of popular expressions of solidarity by the working Class. Anything outside the boundaries set by the Bourgeoisie sensibilities and aesthetic mores of the Political and Chattering classes is deemed vulgar and viscous in the Vice full sense.
    As with the revolution the resolution will be Live.
    We interrupt your discord to bring you this resolution
    from popular consciousness.

    A trailer to the Three Voice Poem
    Bourgeois resolution.
    A poem in Three Voices for added 4th part Harmony.
    Inspired by The society of spectacle by Guy De Bord and the updated version linked.
    Cricket Appleseed
    Published on 15 Apr 2016
    Everything that was directly lived has receded into representation.
    The Society of the Spectacle by Guy Debord (1973) dub fr sub eng
    Augustine Joyce ublished on 7 Jan 2013
    La Société du Spectacle (Society of the Spectacle) is a black and white 1973 film by the Situationist Guy Debord based on his 1967 book of the same title. It was Debord’s first feature-length film. It uses found footage and detournement in a radical criticism of mass marketing and its role in the alienation of modern society.
    The 88 minute film took a year to make and incorporates footage from feature films, industrial films, news footage, advertisements, and still photographs.[1] The films include The Battleship Potemkin, October, Chapaev, The New Babylon, The Shanghai Gesture, For Whom the Bell Tolls, Rio Grande, They Died with Their Boots On, Johnny Guitar, and Mr. Arkadin, as well as other Soviet films.

    A PDF form in tabulated format is available as the poem is concieved as a Matrix which can be read in columns as single voices or sequentiually as a dialogue.
    The PDF will be available for download for Patreon subscribers or customers on Amazon. The formatting for the downloads will be completed hopefully by the end of this weekend.

    Bourgeois resolution.
    A poem in Three Voices for added 4th part Harmony.
    Synthesis Speaks to introduce, And Thesis, Anti Thesis and Synthesis dialogue
    The conversation revolves and we find
    Revolution plagiarizes past mistakes.
    In Consensus the three Voices resolve and entreat your contribution dear reader for a fourth part, shall we harmonIse.
    Start here with your own experience. Bring here your
    open mind and trust your instinctive feeling for truth.
    As resolution of discord demands a return to the tonic. The Tonic for our dissonant condition is a harmonic resolution to the Chord of Nature.
    6/8 bb :
    In a diary of a nobody, Mr Pooter,
    is everyman and woman. Striving.
    Petit Bourgeois, discordant with
    their lot, in earnest to impress.
    Anti Thesis
    Life liberty and the pursuit of happiness,
    inalienable rights , the laws of Nature
    and of natures god.A constitution
    written for a usurping class, claiming
    authority, a reflection of common sense, 
    and pained to see. This revolution of , by and for Whom?

    As the victor writes history so the powerful pass laws to satisfy their own ends. Power only represents the powerful.
    Moyenne Bourgeoise and Grande
    Haute Bourgeoise. A Class cuisine, Escoffier
    Classical Aspiration. One acquires,
    A bourgeoise aesthetic, Petit Bourgeoise Sycophancy.
    Will the Chef of the constitution,
    Taste his own cooking.
    Does he as a class walk the walk and talk the talk
    Or is it ; do as I say and not as I do.
    An appeal always made, at once
    to Authority.Follow faithfully, blindly.
    Ask they who would your bidding do. Listen to your life’s story, History, His History will not be yours? Be heard.
    Pygmalion’s elocution for the ordinaire.
    Les rois et philosophes merde-et
    ainsi de faire des dames. Conventional
    pieties of the extraordinaire, Elite.
    Écoute Et Répète, Listen and repeat
    Learn by rote and do not question,
    To Each that has shall be given,
    those who hath not will be punished,
    Know ones betters and issue scripted
    speech when spoken too, Obsequious.
    Do not blanche before appearance of grandeur.
    Pompous ceremony seeks to silence chafing curiosity.
    How readily the pecking order
    has regiments in line , volunteers
    to a false consciousness of liberation by
    societies consumptive ills, Polysemous
    At the sign, Obey and join the
    que. Wait your turn and receive
    your due. Punch the clock and
    Answer the bell. Ask not for whom
    the bell tolls, The bell rings the benefit
    makes a gift of what is rightfully yours.
    The hand that gives also takes away. Often the gift
    merely returns that which was stolen from you.
    Citizens within a polity, city state
    yet the peasants range free of sophistry
    Freemen in the confined spaces
    offer conformity to the graduated mould.
    Glamorous flashing city lights
    Suburbia within commute of higher
    Dreams. A stairway to real Estate heaven.The only Ladder, oh to be
    upon the bottom rung and rise.Dreams for mortgage, no hostage to Fortune.
    Sophistication often masques ignorance. The humble and rustic often belies an appreciation of what truly is.
    Calliopsis or Magnesia where poets
    slave to familiar rhymes and themes
    Not golden or silver words but workmanlike
    fashion hymns of safe iron and copper.
    On The city on the hill,
    Songs sung to green and pleasant lands
    My Country Right or wrong
    Patriotic duty, above the evidence
    heroic deeds, laurels earned
    Myths of Wagnerian operatic spectacle.
    Behind the claimed reality
    of how things are lies a deeper truth clothed in the noble lie. He deceived by the noble lie is excluded as unworthy of an opinion.
    Where Stockholm once commanded
    St-Petersberg in that peculiar syndrome
    did the people know of freedom, which noble lies
    will accommodate the others’, too Slumber.
    A common purpose, to ideals,Shared
    and narrated from Cradle to grave.
    History written in our victorious mood
    Always times distant, always yesterday
    A better day , a past nostalgic searching
    For a future, yet to become tomorrow.
    Being keen to please and seeking approval from authority feeds ego and starves the real self.
    An irony of words pretending a meaning
    which no longer holds and yet
    serves to bind a convention, a grip
    that hampers the gait, Barre the pedestrian.
    Witty Double entrendre to pacify,
    Laughing at the otherness, not of
    our own genre. Bending of wills
    or an ends of a means which makes
    a meaner mind , setting examples
    Cruelty for kindness sake, who´s End?
    The devil takes the hindmost. Trampling upon the unfortunate excuses elitist privilege. There but for the grace of privilege
    go they!
    Self censored by a Mean temperament
    no longer just and a bespoke Key
    The city gates envelop to constrain
    Invention no longer a prize, only too fit.
    Which mode of government befitting
    The cadence of Timocracy, Oligarchy
    or the tyranny of democracy, Which?
    A key to unlock the wealth of timbre
    Trusting in the chastity of greed
    the diabolas in musica. Descend below.
    Discord or overbalance
    corrects naturally. In a system where gross imbalance and discord is evident are we to believe that harmony was ever thus.
    As poets slave to the set rythym
    so a ruling Class Slaves to support
    its very tyranny, no purpose theirs,
    tis only to own be owned and Owe.
    There is no Alternative, leave behind
    your utopian dreams of youth, Grown,
    reality demands that you sing Our
    democratic song making it your own.
    No third , way. Just the chord of power.
    Ambiguous, A Capitalist mode production.
    Power is an end in itself.
    Seeking power to reform injustice is a contradiction in terms. For harmonious consensus all voices must
    strike a chord.
    Oh such discordance felt heard seen
    demanding resolution. Harmonies equal
    in temperament to guide back home
    to the unity. One full revolution
    Tracing the musical image in
    Camra obscura, inverted and
    opposite, do you see what it is yet
    As the tonic marks a tranquil resting
    place so conformity leaves us resolved
    resiled and not reconciled Trapped
    Power relations beget power relations, As the wheel of history turns repeating mistakes of previous revolutions.
    As the wheel turns a revolution
    as a harmony resolves Resolution
    A new hub for human consciousness.
    Not the machine now but organic.
    Yours to follow little people
    Know your place and praise
    Elite heroes, distant an shimmering
    As all mirages inspire the thirsty
    to crawl into the oasis of illusion
    squeezing blood from exhausted humanity.
    As resolution of discord demands a return to the tonic. The Tonic for our dissonant condition is a harmonic resolution to the Chord of Nature.
    The conversation has revolved and we find
    Revolution plagiarized its past mistakes.
    In Consensus the three Voices resolve and with your contribution dear reader a fourth part, harmonIsed. Or perhaps we as yet have to find a resolution , play on and seek new voices for our symphony of freedom is not yet written and least wise played freely with authentic joy.
    Others we invite TO ,

    Start here with your own experience. Bring here your
    open mind and trust your instinctive feeling for truth. :D.S. ∲ ::

  • rogerglewis 6:42 am on September 26, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Ego, The False Centre, Osho and spring cleaning before the Fall. 

    I have been sprucing up my Blog. I love my blog, its been a solid and true friend over these past 5 years, trying to make some sense of it all. Cathartic and confessionary, conspiritorial and comforting. I have been limbering up the old digital quill and putting increasing effort into the Blog as it has transformed from on line note book to someting of an outward expression of myself. I hope it represents what I wish to project from within me outward to anyone who encounters it. Much of the problems related to Ego in the current world involve projections back from our interlocutors which seek to live up to what we project outwards to how we wish the other to conform to our own expectations. Scaled up to a community and society level this is how we all act as each others collective jailers. How does one transcend that egotistical element in any performance and natural need for acknowledgement and recognition of self worth, its a natural feeling that is so easily corruptable and has been systematically corrupted by the ´Consumer Society´. Anyway I grapple with it every day and wait for the day to come that I see Ego fallen away as Osho describes.

     ” Try to see your own ego.
    Just watch it.
    Don’t be in a hurry to drop it, just watch it. The more you watch, the more capable you will become. Suddenly one day, you simply see that it has dropped. And when it drops by itself, only then does it drop. There is no other way. Prematurely you cannot drop it.
    It drops just like a dead leaf.
    The tree is not doing anything – just a breeze, a situation, and the dead leaf simply drops. The tree is not even aware that the dead leaf has dropped. It makes no noise, it makes no claim – nothing.
    The dead leaf simply drops and shatters on the ground, just like that.”

    And the source of anxiety is the self promotion added to the rather natty new mast head to the blog, the new back ground and Grub street etching all addind to a new sense of care since I started taking writing a little more seriously.

    Blogging the new Grub Street
    ‘Taste is like philosophy. It belongs to a very small number of privileged souls … It is unknown in bourgeois families, where one is constantly occupied with the care of one’s fortune”. Voltaire who “thought that the Enlightenment should begin with the grands’
    To support my professional writing see the links.
    A collection of my poems can be bought in Kindle or PDF at Amazon or Lulu

     My Novels, The Plantsman and The Conquest of Dough, coming soon
  • rogerglewis 9:22 am on September 23, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Syria Cui Bono, Incitatus (Boris Johnson) Caligula (john Kerry) and the Curious case of the New Consul at the United Nations Security Council 

    Incitatus visits the Forum with due ‘Ungar’ (SIC)

    How does one start to fathom where the Rhetoric starts, the Sophistry takes over and the mendacity overwhelms. How can anyone posture from a moral high ground that so long ago already opened up in a great chasm of incredulity and swallowed the US State department whole.

    Watching the Un Security council live in session yesterday was cringeworthy. In a summer of consecutive low points each time relieved that surely they had now done their worse. John Kerry and Boris Johnson yesterday stole the biscuit in a performance that surely would have made even Lucian, the great Roman satirist of the Roman Elite, Blush. Their performances could possibly mark Peak Mendacity, at least for 2016.

    Yesterday I was musing on Political Karaoke and Politics idols all stepping up into the limelight to sing the same old neo liberal standards and make them their own. This is a new form of Geo Politics, public broad casting of truth stretched beyond even lying. I was unsure whether the idea was for the liars to look convinced by their own lies , by which measure they Both Failed miserably; or, if the game was even intended to convince anyone that tuned in to listen, that what was being spoken was the truth. Upon reflection this is clearly not a show meant for live broadcast in full, it is a sort of stock of footage through which compliant media types are supposed to salvage the Sound Bites to splice into the talking heads and to give the impression of a convincing narrative. Even on that level it failed. 

    So bad were the performances and so unconvincing both the lies and their delivery, correspondents have been reduced to quoting the performance of Kerry and Johnson to provide a coherent context to Mr Kerry´s ‘Stubborn Facts’. The always inconvenient rather more convincing performances of those really trying to get to the bottom of the mess that is Syria were always intended for the cutting room floor, only there to make up the numbers and keep up appearances. Good sports though, the Turks and the Ukrainians especially, agreeing(sic) to make an special appearance, Why? 

    Syrias tragedy is in short, A failed colour revolution provoked by and stoked by the USA, its regional stooges and assorted goons and a rag tag bag of ne’er-do-well’s in the best traditions of the CIA, Regime Changes r us, collective. Syria is not exactly a first, these guys have some serious form. Kerry said himself, when he descended from his poetical rhetroical cloud, ´´This is serious Business´´, it seemed reasonable to them, then, I am sure to call upon accomplices from other stings to come and help in the present set up, or re- pitch, of the Scam. Not least the emperor Caligula’s favourite trusty stead, Incitatus , out of straw by blair. Here is Johnson, Boris Jonson in the Britannic colors, he trots well in the paddock, representative of the Britannic Vassal State, Owned by Washington (Concensus). Impeccable breeding and can be relied upon to stay the distance, refused at its last outing or rather did not run due to industrial stoppages back at the stables, those green Benches of Westminster.

    This is Channel Fours effort.
    to string together the new narrative.

    I was prompted by seeing Incitatus´s appaling form , to give the discussion a more detailed look, (to see if the race was being nobbled as it were) by a question on Quora, actually about the possibility of the Uk adopting the death penalty post Brexit.

    Roger Glyndwr Lewis
    Roger Glyndwr LewisMarried to UK International Lawyer for 22 years

    Thats a very good question. The Establishment is I think unlikely to reverse its position which is similar to the question on Brexit, broadly, not in favour of the death penalty. Offering a referenda to the British People one suspects is not a mistake the Establishment will repeat on this question. The abolition for murder predates EU membership by some time for the Martial offenses of espionageand treason, I had not been aware that the Human Rights act also abolished those in 1998, courtesy of Wikipedia Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965 . The intention of the present Government to abolish the Human Rights Act or its tenets is not somethingwhich would be popular with the UK public who´s conditioning against the EU as with other EU Skeptic member states is really against Curvature of Bananas, standardised weights and measures, for some decimilisation and clearly open border immigration policies within the union for many (52%). 

    (para removed)ed.

    With the Establishments apparent taste for Islamaphobia it is not impossible that calls for the Death Penalty for Terrorist offenseswill be floated, rather than for commonalgarden Murder. Treason and Espionage could be slipped back in on this ticket too. If in fact, a referendum promise for that was made It could prove a populist vote winning strategy. The thought is gut wrenchingly appalling but seeing Boris Johnson at the UN security council yesterday it is probably a referendum he might quite relish. It was joked at the time of his appointment that it was as bizarre an appointment as we have seen since Caligula appointed his horse consul ( he actually appointed it as a Priest). We should all know of Caligula’s greek love of his Consul(Priestly horse) and similarly Secretary Kerry had clearly groomed the new Caligulan Equus ferus caballus to compliantly entertain the emperors will. Boris was clearly bent over and exposing his thinking parts.

    Boris was not specific as to the outrages he was referring to in the general rhetorical flourishes of his introductory scene setting. White phosphorous lots of Slaughter , lots of ‘Únger’ , had to look that one up for those who didn’t already know UNGA , ah the United Nations General Assembly. This UNGA this , this UNGA that, and there was me thinking the great Bullingdon Club classicist was earnestly entreating with polished Latin or greek for the Present dignitaries, some we were told even with ‘University degrees’, to seize the day, Carpe Diem with unga in our souls. But no it’s a bloody acronym. Boris come on, bloody UNGA .

    He was though, not out doing his Caligula, his emperor, his very stern and poetic Rider. No our Incitatus was outshone on the flowery rhetorical sophistry by Kerry and his introductory remarks.
    We were told how moved he had been looking up at the screen at that young olympian (with the no doubt elysian scene captured so perfectly) ´´in a beautifully.. Bono, narrated video that er really made us think…?” yes you heard that right, verbatim ‘err’ and dramatic… pauses all. Bono, Bloody  Bono! Yes that Bono, U2 Bono , Sunday bloody Sunday , Bono. Who we now Know narrated a video of the Syrian(refugee) olympic team who with the aid of a Charity, for whom Bono no doubt donated his narration fee, Were able to join the rest of the free world in RIO, newly fumigated by Regime Changes R Us,  with another CIA coup de tat.

    The introductory remarks of each were so appalling they were clearly designed to elevate the ‘Evidence’ to come , for which no one would be entitled to have their own facts, those stubborn things. Facts! Like all the evidence that we had supposed to swallow before as readily as Dr David Kelly swallowed the Blood from a Throat slit by his own hand under a tree somewhere on a hill in rural Oxfordshire, all those years ago. The facts which some how were in the possesion of Kerry even before the dust had settled or the bodies were cold. Known to Caligula, possesed of divine right and shared with his consul, his Horse, Incitatus. 

    Epictetus might shriek from his enchiridion ´´42. When any person harms you, or speaks badly of you, remember that he acts or speaks from a supposition of its being his duty. Now, it is not possible that he should follow what appears right to you, but what appears so to himself. Therefore, if he judges from a wrong appearance, he is the person hurt, since he too is the person deceived. For if anyone should suppose a true proposition to be false, the proposition is not hurt, but he who is deceived about it. Setting out, then, from these principles, you will meekly bear a person who reviles you, for you will say upon every occasion, “It seemed so to him.” 

    As already  THE RHETORICIAN’S VADE MECUM, where are the Lucians in the fourth estate and their dead tree rags of apology, privelidge and patronage?
     ”if you start with the Trojan War–you may if you like go right hack to the nuptials of Deucalion and Pyrrha–and thence trace your subject down to to-day. People of sense, remember, are rare, and they will probably hold their tongues out of charity; or if they do comment, it will be put down to jealousy. The rest are awed by your costume, your voice, gait, motions, falsetto, shoes, and sundry; when they see how you perspire and pant, they cannot admit a moment’s doubt of your being a very fine rhetorical performer. With them, your mere rapidity is a miracle quite sufficient to establish your character. Never prepare notes, then, nor think out a subject beforehand; that shows one up at once.

    Your friends’ feet will be loud on the floor, in payment for the dinners you give them; if they observe you in difficulties, they will come to the rescue, and give you a chance, in the relief afforded by rounds of applause, of thinking how to go on. A devoted claque of your own, by the way, is among your requirements. Its use while you are performing I have given; and as you walk home afterwards, discussing the points you made, you should be absolutely surrounded by them as a bodyguard. If you meet acquaintances on the way, talk very big about yourself, put a good value on your merits, and never mind about their feelings. Ask them, Where is Demosthenes now? Or wonder which of the ancients comes nearest you.” 

    Facts are the components of truth and they are evinced from evidence , I was once asked to entertian the notion of political Facts. and had this to say.
    ”I could follow your argument more readily were you to define such items as Political Truths. Facts are not dependent upon belief or interpretation once they have come to pass, the Truth however of an interpretation of events that results in the fact is rather different especially if you wish to argue that if action a, had been taken instead of action b, then the result, fact c, would have been less. The Isis example I can see how the motivation is political or by some other argument Religious or financial once done the killing is a fact. The motivation could be many things or a combination of many things. Its an interesting choice of words. I like my Facts to be empirical stand alone no nonsense measured certainties. If you are using the term Political Fact as a state of art or convention from some discipline or other I would very much like to study the accepted formal usage set out in its agreed form, do you have that?”

    Oh, the evidence?

    The Aleppo Convoy.

    Its far to early to say what happened to the Aid Convoy just out side Aleppo at the centre of the current row. If it were a genuine terrible mistake a preliminary acknowledgment of mea culpa might reasonably have been expected already the present hiatus and intrigue, claim and counter claim can not rule out and indeed suggests intrigue and skullduggery quite apart from the appalling murder of innocents. We can though justify a high degree of Skepticism regarding the holier than though affirmations of the Arch imperialists rich in Rhetoric and Sophistry , Kerry and Johnson, those stubborn things facts, tend only to emerge after thorough investigation, rigorous checking and this requires a passage of time its a Stubborn and strict task master scientific rigor. So facts stubborn or not, are by definition in short supply early on, however stubborn they may or may not be and how universally owned they may be is not a question until said facts can be sensibly assembled.  
    Boris almost had me at the start I thought he was being sincere but fresh off the 350 million quid a week for the NHS wheeze, post Brexit &; plastered all over the side of a Bus. And given the scant acquaintance old Bozzer seems to have with telling the truth, I remained unhooked but admit almost lured. But then the tell, the give away, everything was ´´especially the blame of the Assad regime, who could possibly see them as the part of any solution? They alone responsible for the greater part of the 400,000 deaths in Syria” and on and on he went with his own curious set of facts, and awed equine mastication of the acronym UNGAR, after all Caligula had done much the same and a borrowed fact here and there who could possibly notice. So there dear reader we must depart the scene in the marbled atria of the Colonnades of the United nations and its most lauded Security Council with UNGAR foremost in our hearts and minds let us envision bent over braced and head firmly in the sand Boris again in position to Expose his thinking parts again, as Caligula Whips his Incitatus onwards. Gimp masks instead of Blinkers and much feasting on porcine fare in best Bullingdon and Skull and Bones style, perhaps they had both had a late night down the temple playing the biscuit game, beloved of posh Lads in posh schools and posher clubs they had taken the seasons biscuit for scraping the bottom of the barrel after all.
    Wikipedia does facts its an encyclopedia. So far this.

    On 19 September, an aid convoy from the United Nations and the Syrian Arab Red Crescent consisting of more than 18 trucks was reportedly hit by air-to-surface missiles as they headed for eastern Aleppo from the town of Urum al-Kubra, killing 12 people and severely injuring several more.[211] At the same time, Russia and Syria restarted heavy bombing raids on rebels in the city.[212]
    Heres the Full UN securtiy Council Hearing, the Channel Four report above is seen for the biased mash up it really is if you watch the whole thing.

    The great investigative journalist Seymour Hersh, in two previous articles in the London Review of Books («Whose Sarin?» and «The Red Line and the Rat Line») has reported that the Obama Administration falsely blamed the government of Syria’s Bashar al-Assad for the sarin gas attack that Obama was trying to use as an excuse to invade Syria; and Hersh pointed to a report from British intelligence saying that the sarin that was used didn’t come from Assad’s stockpiles.
    Hersh was asked about the then-US-Secretary-of-State’s role in the Benghazi Libya US consulate’s operation to collect weapons from Libyan stockpiles and send them through Turkey into Syria for a set-up sarin-gas attack, to be blamed on Assad in order to ‘justify’ the US invading Syria

    Syrian Civil War[edit]
    During the Syrian Civil War US President Obama argued in a 2012 speech that a chemical attack in Syria would constitute crossing a “red line” and that this would trigger a US military interventionagainst the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.[49] After this speech, and prior to the chemical attacks in Ghouta, chemical weapons were suspected to have been used in at least four attacks in the country.[50] On 23 March 2013, the Syrian government requested the UN to send inspectors in order to investigate an incident in the town of Khan al-Assal, where it said opposition forces had used chlorine-filled rockets.[51] However, on 25 April US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel stated that US intelligence showed the Assad government was likely to have used chemical weapons – specifically sarin gas.[52]
    On 8 December 2013, the London Review of Books published an online article by Hersh alleging that President Obama had “omitted important intelligence, and in others he presented assumptions as facts” in his assertion during his televised speech of 10 September that Bashar Al-Assad’s regime had been responsible for the use of sarin in the Ghouta chemical attack of 21 August 2013 against a rebel-held district of Damascus.[53] In particular, Hersh wrote of anonymous intelligence sources telling him that the Syrian army was not the only agency with access to sarin, referring to the Al-Nusra Front Jihadist group, and that, during the period before the Ghouta attack, secretly implanted sensors at the country’s known bases had not detected suspicious movements suggesting a forthcoming chemical attack in the period.[53] The New Yorker and The Washington Post had both decided against publishing this account.[54]
    On 22 December 2015, the London Review of Books published Hersh’s article ″Military to Military[55] in which he exposed the divide between the US top brass and the politicians in the White House when it came to dealing with Islamic extremists in Syria and Iraq. Hersh reports the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) of the United States Department of Defense has indirectly supported Syria’s PresidentBashar al-Assad with quality intelligence in an effort to help him defeat jihadist groups and provided – via GermanyIsrael and Russia – to help Assad push back Jabhat al-Nusra and the Islamic State. Hersh also writes the military even undermined a US effort to arm Syrian rebels in a bid to prove it was serious about helping Assad fight their common enemies. Hersh says the Joint Chiefs’ maneuvering was rooted in several concerns, including the US arming of unvetted Syrian rebels with jihadist ties, a belief the administration was overly focused on confronting Assad’s ally Russia, and anger the White House was unwilling to challenge Saudi ArabiaQatar and Turkey over their support of extremist groups in Syria. These countries had armed extremists with modern weapons – which gave them the upper hand in subduing the Syrian Army – and resulted in huge territorial losses by 2013. Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the Turkish government supported Jabhat al-Nusra. The US JCS reported the Erdogan government were “doing the same for Islamic State” in order to disrupt the balance in the Middle East. The Turkish government refused to halt the flow of foreign militants going through Turkey.[56][57]

    From the Movie 1984, Eurythmics Sex Crime. 

    Substitute War Crime and how silent the fourth Estate has fallen on Chilcott and adventures back in yesteryear in Babylonian Lands, Iraq. On Facts on wisdom 
    and on knowledge Kerrys Aphorism borrowed from John Adams and Senetor Patrick Moynihan,was stated thus
    Indeed stubborn things, as mule like as compliant consuls are Horse like. And as 
    the little boy declared in the old fairy tale, where are the emperors clothes?
    He is surely not clothed in truth, woven from threads of facts and tended with 
    wisdom and care.

    The Mad Philosopher

    The flabby wine-skin of his brain
    Yields to some pathologic strain,
    And voids from its unstored abysm
    The driblet of an aphorism.
    Ambrose Bierce :
    In Closing Philosophy is a love of truth, Literally! So I give you two quotes to contrast with Caligulas Aphorism.
    “I constantly sought knowledge and truth, and it became my belief that for gaining access to the effulgence and closeness to God, there is no better way than that of searching for truth and knowledge.” Ibn al-Haytham

    CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE: ”In order to reason well …. it is absolutely necessary to possess … such virtues as intellectual honesty and sincerity and a real love of truth (2.82). The cause [of the success of scientific inquirers] has been that the motive which has carried them to the laboratory and the field has been a craving to know how things really were … (1-34). [Genuine inquiry consists I in diligent inquiry into truth for truth’s sake (1.44), … in actually drawing the bow upon truth with intentness in the eye, with energy in the arm (1.235). [When] it is no longer the reasoning which determines what the conclusion shall be, but … the conclusion which determines what the reasoning shall be … this is sham reasoning…. The effect of this shamming is that men come to look upon reasoning as mainly decorative…”.

  • rogerglewis 9:58 am on September 21, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Politics Idol, When Making the tune your own just isn´t enough anymore. 

    Politics Idol,

    When Making the tune your own
    just isn´t enough anymore.
    For a year or two now as I have forced myself to watch political programs, chat shows, the great debates in the house of commons and whatever the latest I´m a celebrity , house Jungle party who do you think can get us out of here fad, at least a couple of times a month seeing things at least once just to know what is being produced. I have become more and more vexed . Is it the same scripted dialogue are they all saying the same thing but in the best traditions of X Factor,” Just making it their own.´´.
    My latest encounter with this strange feeling or nagging sense of de ja vu has been the latest round of Political Party conferences. It then struck me what I have been living through increasingly since the Media savvy dawn of ´´Things can only get better” new Labour, has been a new form of politics. A form of politics which is a sort of Karaoke Politics, reduced to a Politics Idol sing off. The competition is headlined with General Elections , and the elimination rounds before the Main Karaoke spectacular are at the Annual Conferences, with a bit of touring to bring the feel of the show to the provinces for appearances sake .
    There is a core Repertoire across all of the party´s on which styling delivery production values are absolutely essential. No Political Idol can fail to keep to the scripted lyrics and arrangement. Each of the Parties then offer up a fringe repertoire still from re treaded old standards and still instantly recognisable, but almost edgy in the days when they had been part of the Narrative Hit parade, the one hit wonders of yesteryear if you will.
    Of course the repertoire has also become increasingly infected by crossover hits from the US repertoire, many of which are fairly cheesy and barely believable but feel good Ballads, standing by your man and that sort of thing and a few of the Good Old Boy anthems strapping the rockets across the shoulders Springsteen sort of stuff, ( Ronald Reagan’s Favorite back in the Day ).
    Well the suicide machine of Karaoke Politics appears to be hitting the barriers of credulity. The old tunes , retreaded and made new by imaginative claim stakes to ownership from the Latest Crop of pretenders to the politics Idol Throne are just not cutting through.
    The performances are as polished as they ever were the razzmatazz is as impressive as ever, but Like Top of the pops became in the 1980’s The Audience has started to crave the authenticity of Live performance with its immediacy , its interaction and also its improvisation. Responding to the moment and understanding the Present seems to be more important again than Making it your own, while still hitting the high C just like Whitney would have done.
    At first I decided, when this thought of , ”are they all saying the same thing”?occurred to me, it did not seem enough to even write a joke about it, but as the show enters what is its 21st season if we take 1995, the year after Tony Blair became Labour leader as the shows debut. I thought it would be interesting to understand why Jeremy Corbyn just does not cut it as a Political Idol Contestant in the Eyes of the Establishment , The Parliamentary Labour Party , The Fourth Estate and if you believe all of them, the good voters of Nuneaton as well.
    Politics Idol has been an amazingly successful show it has satisfied the Political Ears of devoted watchers for 21 years and become beloved of all of the Main Stream Parties non of who wish to give up their chance to step up to the microphone and make those Old Songs their own, to go on Chat shows and trot out the same superlatives and derogatory put downs, was the Performance really in Pitch was it really as believable and did it really seem so fresh as When; Mr Blair, Mr Ashdown, The Early Mr Cameron, & that nice funny Mr Hague, were making those tunes their own.
    What are these new Bands who insist on playing from another song book all-be-it an older song book, why can they fill the theaters and sell out tickets when they do not even bother to make those Tunes known and beloved of Politics Idol Fans their own?. Is it perhaps that Ms Sturgeon, Mr Corbyn and out in the country and in the Metropolitan areas others and plenty of them , have started a new scene, a grass roots scene where learning and playing your own instruments and writing and performing your own songs and music in a style that speaks directly to the experiences and the moments in peoples lives now! Real peoples problems and frustrations, understood, internalised and addressed with a shared common understanding. A message of concern that things can and should improve.One that above all understands and speaks at one with the voice of the people, The Fans, The Audience, The Target Demographic made Human and not atomised to statistical ratings indexes.
    Of Course on Political Idol covering the Sleaford Mods is un thinkable, perhaps a little Green Day or Arctic monkeys but Major Label stuff from professional expert artists who have paid their Industry dues and know the score. Top Down what the record company says goes. Like Punk, Like Dylan Going Electric , Like Metal from the Black Country, Genre changing modern folk Culture expression is finding its voice and more than piping up demanding to be heard. Politics Idol is Toast, no longer a prime time ratings filler.The revolution Ladies and Gentleman is most definately not being televised . The revolution is Live!

    Of course there will be the burning of record sleeves and outrages in the popular media just as when Ozzie bit heads of Bats or pissed on the Alamo or Steve Jones called Bill Grundy a dirty fucker or John Lennon said The Beatles were bigger than God.
    ”Look inside the Eye of your mind and you know you might find a better place to be” Noel Gallagher’s Supernova of a lyric for me, and great advice to the producers of Politics Idol , the Industry has moved on its about touring , getting out there and playing your own shit thats relevant to the people, to the people in person, you can’t rely on  marketing campaigns and studio albums to get your songs across anymore . Making it your own today means that actually, it is your own. Its coming from within you and you believe in the tune, in the lyrics and the themes and key changes, The chords and melodies are about situations and problems loves and Lives and losses you have shared and lamented and celebrated, authentic Hard Funky Politics On the 1 For everyone. Get Down!
    So there in lies the problem, Jeremy has turned up with a fresh repertoire and the New Labour Parliamentary Band not only do not want to learn new tunes they can not play an instrument. And the Old backing tape of Things can only get better might be re downloadable or streamable on Spotify but peoples ears are Tired of it, they want real live Politics! That is Live , on the road, up close and personal. so get your motor running .
    I believe Mr Corbyns Karaoke choice would be. House of the Rising Sun. Its a very easy to play Five Chord Piece, many who learn the guitar learn it as their very first tune, and it should be easily learned by the PLP to take out on the road. In true punk attitude more songs can always be written on the road with the experiences and time between gigs, sitting on train floors and things like that.
     Am         C       D               F
    Well, I've got one foot on the platform.
    Am C E E
    the other foot on the train.
    Am C D F
    I'm goin' back to New Orleans
    Am E Am
    To wear that ball and chain.
    The Electorate, that ball and chain who tiresomely must not be troubled with referenda its bad enough that we compete for their votes every 5th year, a rough Paraphrase of Chuck Ummana on the neverendum debate , recently.

    Alternative Ulster.
    They say they’re a part of you
    And that’s not true, you know
    They say they’ve got control of you
    And that’s a lie, you know
    They say you will never
    Be free, free, free

    Read more: Stiff Little Fingers – Alternative Ulster Lyrics | MetroLyrics 

    After the Musical intermission dear reader, one wonders Where to round off with This piece. One could consider the Clinton/Democrats and how they Informed the New Labour Narrative style of engagement, one could satarise How Owen Smith clearly has made the Clinton Thumb his own. One could variously have a lot of fun cutting X Factor comments from Louis Walsh, Sharon and Cheryl into snippets of Political Karaoke Gold. It is true that a picture can paint a thousand words and videography can mould the direction in which one would like ones audience to start moulding their Canvas in too.
    It might also prove mildly diverting and a litle amusing to take each of the preceding paragraphs and make them ones own for each of the political parties and their Current Political Idol Captains. I mused earlier about Celebrity chef and culinary variations on the theme but I do not even know what the Great British Bake off is and Ainsley Harriet may not still be on British Telly with Anthony Worrel Thomson and who was it anyone who did the show where something had to be done by two chefs with the same set of ingredients.
    But I have decided instead to wrap up with a quick few paragraphs on the study of Rhetoric in Ancient Greece.and Later in Rome. First to Rome and Lucian who has this advice handbook.
    ”But first I will be your Cebes and give you word-pictures of the two different ways leading to that Rhetoric, with which I see you so in love. Imagine her seated on a height, fair and comely; her right hand holds an Amalthea’s horn heaped high with all fruits, and at her other side you are to see Wealth standing in all his golden glamour. In attendance too are Repute and Might
    and all about your lady’s person flutter and cling embodied Praises like tiny Loves. Or you may have seen a painted Nilus; he reclines himself upon a crocodile or hippopotamus, with which his stream abounds, and round him play the tiny children they call in Egypt his Cubits; so play the Praises about Rhetoric. Add yourself, the lover, who long to be straightway at the top, that you may wed her, and all that is hers be yours; for him that weds her she must endow with her worldly goods.”
    Is how Lucian begins to explain the worth in attaining a degree of garlanded heroism in the art of Rhetoric.
    ´´ the poet who told me that the Good is won by toil. He was in error; I see that the many who toil not are more richly rewarded for their fortunate choice of route and method

    Lucian goes on to recommend the guide to the well trodden road, the Politics Idol Road I guess it could be and for its navigation all that the aspiring young rheoritician requires is this.
    I will first give you a list of the equipment and supplies for your15 journey that you must bring with you from home, with a view to making your way rapidly. After that, I will show you as we go along some practical illustrations, add a few verbal precepts, and before set of sun you shall be as superior a rhetorician as myself, the absolute microcosm of your profession. Bring then
    p. 225
     above all ignorance, to which add confidence, audacity, and effrontery; as for diffidence, equity, moderation, and shame, you will please leave them at home; they are not merely needless, they are encumbrances. The loudest voice you can come by, please, a ready falsetto, and a gait modeledon my own. That exhausts the real necessaries; very often there would be no occasion for anything further. But I recommend bright colorsor white for your clothes; the Tarentine stuff that lets the body show through is best; for shoes, wear either the Attic woman’s shape with the open network, or else the Sicyonians that show white lining. Always have a train of attendants, and a book in your hand.”
    Rhetoric and Sophistry go hand in hand and were shunned by the Pre Socratic Philosophers , but Aristotlerevised his opinion and saw some redemptive qualities for the Art. Sophistry is a little heard word in modern popular politicaldiscourse but is often practicedand the Politics Idol Model of entering the competition for peoples votes is if you read just the whole of Lucian’sSatire of Rhetoric fully formed as a metaphor for The modern Day notion of Karaoke politics.
    Timon of Athens one of ShakespeareGreek tragediesgave rise to a categoryof misanthropy known as Timonism which can be contrastedthen with Cynicism .
    The etching and its Commentary explainsthe rest 

    The New Live Indie Politics is cynical in the best sense of Diogenesit sees what people can be is angered by what people have become and is seeking a way of Galvanizingall of the human energy currently banished to compliant fandom and consumerisminto a movement that can and will demand to write the tunes to which they will dance.

  • rogerglewis 6:34 am on September 16, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Test Bed Gadgets – Vikingsound 1 

    Test Bed Gadgets – Vikingsound 1

  • rogerglewis 6:34 am on September 16, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Test Bed Gadgets – Vikingsound 1 

    Test Bed Gadgets – Vikingsound 1

  • rogerglewis 11:04 am on September 10, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    On The Good Ship Brexit, ( A Song, After the Sex Pistols, Jiggin and Ukippin no time for the EU.) 

    Upon the Good Ship BREXIT.
    Twas on the good ship Leavus
    My God you should have seen us
    The Figurehead was a porcine head
    Suckling the PM´s Penis.
    The Captain he was Farage
    He was a Proto Kipper
    He wasn´t fit for EU stich
    between Starsbourg and Bruxellis
    Jiggin and Ukippin
    Jigginand Ukippin
    Jiggin and Ukipin
    No time for the EU
    Heave to the ship remain
    Crewed by establishment inane
    The figurehead Elysiums Head
    and the mast the EU gravyTrain
    The Captains of this Mary-Rose,
    Oligarchical in repose
    Headed an eclectic crew who he knew
    The Establishment would brown nose.
    Spinnin for a winnin
    spinnin for a winnin
    spinnin for a winnin
    Brown Nosing the EU.
    Upon Stately Ship Vote Leave
    A controlled crew at first to decieve
    Twin Figureheads a painted Bus &
    a cheque for the NHS , you see.
    Two captains had this vessel
    both demured to blond tressels
    He had the populist touch and touch he must
    with seductive rhetorical mendacity.
    Hoping for a near thing
    hoping for a near thing
    hoping for a near thing
    always meant to lose .
    The 1st Captain name of Farage
    City schooled in Arbitrage
    an Old school type, Pissed up at night
    but other wise a bigot.
    The second Captain Rose
    Schooled in sensible knickers and Clothes
    Of Bourgoise type, Oligarchical awlwight
    neo liberal, safe and Soros chose.
    Gisella Gibbon and Gove
    Drive the Coach and four no more
    guided byEnlightenment , but
    Arguments of straw and entitlement.
    Manipulate the plebs
    manipulate the plebs
    manipulate the plebs
    It makes no fuckin difference.

  • rogerglewis 10:11 am on September 9, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Patreon, Will it assist a starving Poet.And Aspiring Satirical Novelist? 

    Patreon, Will it assist a starving Poet.And Aspiring Satirical Novelist?

    My Patreon Page link, the process of signing up and creating a page is very easy and I have wondered about it for some time. There are several You Tube channels I watch who are partly funded by Patreon Support.
    Heres my Pitch Blurb. We´ll see who would like to read more as I write ( previews of chapters, opportunities to edit and suggest plot twists, that sort of thing ( Yeats is dead, an Novel by Irish Authors is something of the sort, not quite but sort of. .) Meanwhile I cling to hopes of getting a dead tree publisher some day.
    I recently joined the Realistic Poetry site and put my Collection of more recent poems into a PDF Book Format to exchange reviews with another poet , it was a very enjoyable experience reading and reviewing the work of another poet. I spent 4 days reading , re-reading and working on my review and await the review of my co-reviewee.
    Realistic Poetry I have to thank for the PDF, so it will serve well, re-cycled as an early reward. Should I secure some patronage. How very exciting! will it be the Kings Men? or the Admirals men?,for me. Will swooning declamations of devotion to my patrons foreword the second Swedish period of my poetical efforts, will I lapse into sophistry
    Vivian from the young ones would snort at the pecuniary solicitation I am sure.To which heres my referrel link for which I might even earn commision.
    Vivian is not amused!
    I have been Blogging since 2011 and have been making you tube videos since 2009. I have an almost finished first Novel Called The Plantsman which is a satirical comedy novel about how we all have roles in our own lives that caste us variously as dramaticus personae simultaneously or alternately villain, lover & hero, simpleton or wise. 
    My Philosophy studies have lead to a deep intrigue with plurality, being more than one thing at once. These opposing and not always complementary roles we play make for some very funny situations and it is these absurdities I wish to examine and shine light upon. Poking gentle fun at the un-self-knowing pompous selves we all sometimes are. My Second Novel informs the first and I will not be able to finish it until Novel 2 is completed.
    My Second Novel is Called the Conquest of Dough which is a metaphorical parable about sour dough bread and a legendary Syrian Sour dough that is smuggled to the UK. Here the Syrian refugee meets with challenges , helpers and enemies who seek to restore the Dough to its homeland, various actors wish the Dough to be supressed. Dough is the metaphor for Money which examines another of my areas of work, Monetary reform activism. The Finale of Conquest of dough is an hilarious Romp through the Glastonbury Music festival, examining the social aspects of that festival. Glastonbury as Parody of itself whilst pretending it remains what it once was.
    I have a series of epic poems which I wish to pursue after the conquest of Dough around the theme of democracy. What is it ?and how is it done? There are various political episodes in my lifetime I wish to satarise in poetry. Epic Poetry is my preferred medium for satirising matters of Political Economy.
    I am a political animal, a dedicated Anarchist and confirmed tree hugger. I have following the Great Crash of 2008 , in stoic parlance , Returned my wealth and live now very simply. I would like to spend most of my time writing and the political nature of much of what I write does not sit well with the Political Climate of conventional Dead tree publishing. I thought I would see if Patreon might be a way to make a contribution to our Family Budget whilst Writing Full time for a Year or so. 
    As my Intorduction Video I have linked to my Latest Poem on Brexit,Unwrapping Democracy, The emergent reality of Brexit.
    This poem May be read variously at My Blog , poetry.com and Medium pages.
  • rogerglewis 6:25 pm on September 8, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Democracy Unfolded, emergent reality of Brexit. ( A Poem, By Roger G Lewis ) 

    Democracy Unfolded,
    emergent reality of Brexit.
    Who´s That, Unfold yourself?
    I am Democracy.
    Who are you, what business have you here
    with your government?
    You claim my mandate &
    this is my torment.
    Is there an election ? ‘It is then we
    make you our promises, Come back then
    and don’t trouble me´.
    Democracy tells her tale ofAncient grudges
    as old as Nixon’s shock and Older still.
    One Government sought in referendum to
    claim the peoples will, now Article 50 awaits more work.
    Politicians some, wish democratic yokes to shirk.
    Two Governments equal in wealth
    reveal their darker purposes.
    For them the will of the people simply Usurps.
    Government should remain confined in Elitist Auspices.
    Of recent history we might recap,
    First Heath claimed his mooring
    with the 72 act
    Suckled at Elysium´s breast,
    That fabled paradise, this was his rightful claim.
    32.76% of the eligible vote
    put him in the frame.
    Then mr Wilson with a wave of his pipe
    gave the great unwashed its first swipe.
    In 75´s referendum do we stay or go.
    43.55% of the eligible vote did not say no!
    Famously Hung that parliament of 74,
    a majority later that year of little more.
    The mandate of the eligible vote?
    in October almost percentage 34.

    Passage aboard Heaths European vessel ,
    was an awkward continuum.
    Aye some saw GB limited , anchored as
    the prison Ship in the bay.
    Others had songs to sing, Britannia ,
    Daughter of Elysium.
    Some demanded return of sovereignty with
    audible dismay.
    An iron lady, raised her petticoats
    a little, but said Non.
    Mr Major fought his Bastards and
    Lamont reported difficulties with
    a certain mechanism.
    A certain Goldsmith fashioned
    some say of gold, others of fools gold,
    a party preferring Kippers to Croissant.
    Europeans mourned the recalcitrant.
    Thatcher, Major, Blair and Brown.
    Europeans all & not letting Erasmus down.
    Skeptics in their ranks always dwelt
    briefing in secret with malicious dissent.
    A quarrel on Green and Red benches ,
    in paneled halls, plenary & committee,
    all elite places, not for the mensches.
    At last we arrive at the next hung election
    Cameron and Clegg in 2010 form coalition
    eligible mandate of 22.65 combined.
    Hardly overwhelming but never-mind.
    Lib Dems sue for AV referendum.
    2011 petition a risible turnout,
    eligible 28.67.Mandate? Thats Hokum!
    A limp declaration hardly a rout.
    Once more democracy is just a ghost
    No prizes for guessing who it suited the most.
    It twas though only a vote about votes.
    The plebs can´t be trusted to not burn the toast.
    Mr Cameron continued with dedication
    to make bigger societies smaller, denying a Nation.
    This time the subject, Scottish emancipation.
    In 2013 his government prepared the legislation.
    In 2014 his parcel of rogues,
    bared democratic teeth worthy of the Pogues.
    Better together or Scotland the Brave
    The four estates of Establishment with a union to save.
    The Nuclear deterrent saving oil of North Sea
    With record turnout , 84.6. The Scots seem
    somewhat more keen for Democracy,
    What mandate did the vote Glean
    eligible vote? 46.78% is worthy of note.
    Indeed it is the best that will be seen.
    Our History Lesson now comes full circle
    To the latest referendum of interest to Madame Merkel.
    On 24th June 2016, 37.47% of the eligible vote said leave.
    Whilst by the same measure 34.74% said stay
    Herein lies the rub of the present joy and dismay.
    Mr Cameron´s 2015 mandate was what? you may ask,
    This poem replies it is up to the task,
    23.97% is the answer you seek
    I’ll leave it to you to decide is that strong or weak?
    To Leadership elections we will now meander
    Sauce for the Goose, surely Sauce for the Gander.
    To Complain of a Mandate of 24
    having secured one of your own, 32.55, little more.
    Whilst arguing the weak mandate of 37.5 for Brexit
    When in a hole lay down your spade, and look for the Exit.
    Comparing 46.7 for Union & 28.68 for First past the post,
    who’s to say which mandate is most?
    43.55 to stay in 75 & 32.76 in 72, blessed as sufficient,
    it seems quite absurd, less than efficient?
    What do we learn from Lies Damned lies and statistics,
    Polling and rhetoric and voting logistics.
    Perhaps that Mandates like beauty are
    in the eye of the beholder. Who Whilst in Glass houses,
    should Think twice before casting that Boulder.
    Indeed one , should always be mindful
    of the many known unknowns. And That politicians are rarely democrats even as they grow older.
    So three Brexiteers to both boos and to cheers
    prepare to Cast off from Heaths European Peers.
    Prime Minister May with the Inners did lay,
    But Mr Cameron’s mandate, she will now play.
    Mr Corbyn in opposition she mocks as unfit for power
    but at his 45.39% mandate, she can only glower.
    perhaps we should next ask,the EU Commission
    what mandate it claims & by whose permission?
    On the European Parliament what is its turnout
    no better than 42.61 in 2014, Democratic burnout?
    Other Appointments by experts or politicians
    are trafficked as trade, who´s mandates
    in turn are less than well made.
    The land of the brave and the home of the free
    must also be consulted on how we do Democracy.
    First what mandate does Liberty claim,
    for her European Colony. Of Marshall Plans,
    two world wars and may be three?
    Across the Geo political scene we must cast a glance
    at sovereign nations speared upon the Dollars Lance.
    Refugees from Occidental conflict, as a great game plays out,
    Oligarchs alone set the rules and set the price of Permit.
    An ECB tied to global Capital which punished Greece
    and placed the Pigs in manacles of debt.
    Whilst Governments allow bankers alone
    special and exorbitant privilege.
    Again Democracy says,
    ”For them the will of the people simply Usurps.
    Government should remain confined in Elitist Auspices.”

    (CopyRight) Roger G Lewis September 2016.

    Video Recording of First Live Reading.

    Goethe‘s Ankunft im Elysium by Franz Nadorp
    I am indebted to Caroline Lucas MP, newly elected co-Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales for making the connection between Turnouts and Mandates, with this speech to the Debate on The so called Neverendum Petition.

    I would also like to Thank Gerraint Davies MP for asking this question of Theresa May the Prime minister regarding Ceta, ISDS and TTIP .In questions following her G20 briefing to the House of Commons. It restored my faith that not all Labour MP´s are lost in what Paulo Frieere says is the tendency of some on  ´´ the Left to ”almost always (be)tempted by a “quick return to power,”(&) forgets the necessity of joining with the oppressed to forge an organization, and strays into an impossible “dialogue” with the dominant elites. It ends by being manipulated by these elites, and not infrequently itself falls in an elitist game, which it calls “realism.”

    Notes for the Poems Figures and Themes.

    Voter Turn Out, What is a mandate and Electoral Reform.
    Questions for Democracy, and how we do it.

    United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, 1975

     Labour‘s manifesto for the October 1974 general election promised that the people would decide “through the ballot box”[1] whether to remain in the EEC. The electorate expressed significant support for EEC membership, with 67% in favour on a65% turnout. This was the first referendum held throughout the entire United Kingdom, and remained the only UK-wide referendum until the 2011 referendum on alternative voting.
    The referendum debate was an unusual time in British politics. During the campaign, the Labour Cabinet was split and its members campaigned on each side of the question, a rare breach of Cabinet collective responsibility. Most votes in the House of Commons in preparation for the referendum were only carried thanks to opposition support, and the Government faced several defeats on technical issues such as election counts. Finally, although the Government declared in advance that it would comply with to the result, the referendum itself was not legally binding upon the government.
    During the campaign, almost the entirety of the mainstream national British press supported the “Yes” campaign. The left-wing Morning Star was the only notable national daily to back the “No” campaign. Television broadcasts were used by both campaigns, like party political broadcasts during general elections. They were broadcast simultaneously on all three terrestrial channels: BBC 1BBC 2 and ITV. They attracted audiences of up to 20 million viewers. The “Yes” campaign advertisements were thought to be much more effective, showing their speakers listening to and answering people’s concerns, while the “No” campaign’s broadcasts featured speakers reading from an autocue.
    The “Yes” campaign enjoyed much more funding, thanks to the support of many British businesses and the Confederation of British Industry. According to the treasurer of the “Yes” campaign, Alastair McAlpine, “The banks and big industrial companies put in very large sums of money”. At the time, business was “overwhelmingly pro-European”,[13] and Harold Wilson met several prominent industrialists to elicit support. It was common for pro-Europeans to convene across party and ideological lines with businessmen.[13] John Mills, the national agent of the “No” campaign, recalled: “We were operating on a shoe-string compared to the Rolls Royce operation on the other side”.[14] However, it was also the case that many civil society groups supported the “Yes” campaign, including the National Farmers Union and some trade unions.
    Much of the “Yes” campaign focused on the credentials of its opponents. According to Alastair McAlpine, “The whole thrust of our campaign was to depict the anti-Marketeers as unreliable people – dangerous people who would lead you down the wrong path … It wasn’t so much that it was sensible to stay in, but that anybody who proposed that we came out was off their rocker or virtually Marxist.”.[14] Tony Benn controversially claimed: “Half a million jobs lost in Britain and a huge increase in food prices as a direct result of our entry into the Common Market”,[13] using his position as Industry Minister as an authority. His claims were ridiculed by the “Yes” campaign and ministers; the Daily Mirror labelled Benn the “Minister of Fear”, and other newspapers were similarly derisive. Ultimately, the “No” campaign lacked a popular, moderate figure to play the public leadership role for their campaign that Jenkins and Wilson fulfilled in the “Yes” campaign.
    This was only the second nationwide referendum to be held (the first being the EEC referendum in 1975) and the first that was not merely consultative; being “post-legislative” and therefore committing the government to give effect to its decision

    United Kingdom Alternative Vote referendum, 2011

    This was only the second nationwide referendum to be held (the first being the EEC referendum in 1975) and the first that was not merely consultative; being “post-legislative” and therefore committing the government to give effect to its decision[citation needed].
    All registered electors over 18 (BritishIrish and Commonwealth citizens living in the UK and enrolled British citizens living outside)[1] – including Members of the House of Lords (who cannot vote in UK general elections) – were entitled to take part.
    On a turnout of 42.2 per cent, 68 per cent voted No and 32 per cent voted Yes. Ten of the 440 local counting areas recorded ‘Yes’ votes above 50 per cent; six in London, and those in Oxford, Cambridge and Edinburgh Central and Glasgow Kelvin in Scotland.[2]
    The campaign was described in retrospect by political scientist Iain McLean as a “bad-tempered and ill-informed public debate”.[3]


    Further details of campaigning decisions emerged after the referendum result with Dan Hodges reporting that the Conservatives had endorsed the No campaign’s targeting of Nick Clegg, although they had originally opposed the idea. Hodges also reported that an aide of David Cameron secretly met No campaign leaders in a hotel room in order to stop the Liberal Democrats finding out the scale of Conservative involvement.[204]
    The Coalition Government continued and sought to present a united front after the fractious campaign. Former Conservative Cabinet minister Michael Portillo criticised Cameron, saying he “forgot the importance of courtesy” towards Clegg and the Liberal Democrats and, thus, the survival of the Coalition, when he joined what Portillo called “the disgraceful No campaign”.[204]
    On 8 July 2011, the Alternative Vote Provisions were repealed, bringing the statutory process that had initiated the referendum to an end.[205]

    Scottish independence referendum, 2014

    referendum on Scottish independence took place on 18 September 2014.[1] The independence referendum question, which voters answered with “Yes” or “No”, was “Should Scotland be an independent country?”[2] The “No” side won, with 2,001,926 (55.3%) voting against independence and 1,617,989 (44.7%) voting in favour. The turnout of 84.6%was the highest recorded for an election or referendum in the United Kingdom since the introduction of universal suffrage.

    Eligibility to vote[edit]

    Under the terms of the 2010 Draft Bill, the following people were entitled to vote in the referendum:[15]
    • British citizens who were resident in Scotland;
    • citizens of other Commonwealth countries who were resident in Scotland;
    • citizens of other European Union countries who were resident in Scotland;
    • members of the House of Lords who were resident in Scotland;
    • Service/Crown personnel serving in the UK or overseas in the British Armed Forces or with Her Majesty’s Government who were registered to vote in Scotland.
    Convicted prisoners were not able to vote in the referendum. The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) earlier ruled that this restriction was unlawful, but Scottish judge Lord Glennie said that he believed the ECHR judgment would apply only to parliamentary elections.[30] Appeals against his ruling were rejected by the Court of Session in Edinburgh[31] and the UK Supreme Court.[32]
    The normal voting age was reduced from 18 to 16 for the referendum, as it was SNP policy to reduce the voting age for all elections in Scotland.[15][33][34] The move was supported by Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the Scottish Greens.[35][36]
    In January 2012, Elaine Murray MSP of Labour led a debate arguing that the franchise should be extended to Scots living outside Scotland, including the approximately 800,000 living in the other parts of the UK.[37] This was opposed by the Scottish Government, which argued that it would greatly increase the complexity of the referendum and stated that there was evidence from the United Nations Human Rights Committee that other nations “might question the legitimacy of a referendum if the franchise is not territorial”.[37]
    In the House of Lords, Baroness Symons argued that the rest of the UK should be allowed to vote on Scottish independence, on the grounds that it would affect the whole country. This argument was rejected by the British government, as the Advocate General for Scotland Lord Wallace said that “whether or not Scotland should leave the United Kingdom is a matter for Scotland”.[37] Wallace also pointed to the fact that only two of 11 referendums since 1973 had been across all of the United Kingdom.[37] Professor John Curtice also argued that the Northern Ireland sovereignty referendum of 1973 (the “border poll”) created a precedent for allowing only those resident in one part of the UK to vote on its sovereignty.[38]

    Legality of a referendum[edit]

    Accusations of BBC bias[edit]

    In January 2014, a year-long academic study by Dr John Robertson at the University of the West of Scotland found that coverage by the BBC and the Scottish commercial channel STV had favoured the No campaign, although Robertson conceded that this was partly due to there being more major political parties in favour of No.[386][387][388][389]In March 2014, BBC Scotland chiefs appeared before a Scottish Parliament committee to face questions from MSPs about the broadcaster’s coverage.[390] During that session, BBC Scotland director Ken MacQuarrie disputed the findings of Dr Robertson’s study.[386] MacQuarrie criticised its methodology, saying that its conclusions were largely based upon “flawed analysis” and contained factual errors.[386]
    During the latter stages of the campaign there were further allegations by some independence supporters that the BBC – the UK’s national broadcaster – was biased against Scottish independence.[391][392] In an interview for the Sunday HeraldAlex Salmond said he believed the BBC had been unconsciously biased against independence.[391]Former BBC journalist Paul Mason commented: “Not since Iraq have I seen BBC News working at propaganda strength like this”.[391] The BBC replied that “Our coverage of the referendum story is fair and impartial in line with the editorial guidelines”.[393] Alex Massie wrote in The Spectator that the BBC’s coverage was consistent with their attitude towards other government proposals of such magnitude and that that it was incumbent upon the Yes campaign to prove its assertions.[394]
    On 29 June, several hundred independence supporters gathered in a demonstration outside the BBC Scotland headquarters in Glasgow in protest at the BBC’s alleged bias.[394][395][396] A week before the vote, BBC political editor Nick Robinson said in a news item that Salmond “didn’t answer” his questions at a press conference.[397] This led to a protest by several thousand independence supporters at the BBC Scotland headquarters,[397] accusing the BBC of broadcasting pro-Union “propaganda” and “lies”.[391] The Independent reported that the protesters accused Robinson of conniving “with the Treasury to spread lies about the dangers to business and financial services of an independent Scotland”.[391] Alastair Campbell said that the “organised protests” amounted to media censorship “not far off” Vladimir Putin‘s Russia, telling Twitter users they should “Vote YES for intimidation”.[391] Robinson later expressed his “regret” at using the phrase “didn’t answer” in his report[397] and criticised the protests.[398]
    Speaking after the referendum, Yes Scotland chief executive Blair Jenkins said that he did not believe there was a “systemic bias” against Yes or any “corporate intent to disadvantage the Yes campaign”.[392]

    Opinion polling[edit]

    Results of polls to 11 September 2014. Red: no, green: yes
    Professor John Curtice stated in January 2012 that polling showed support for independence at 32%–38% of the Scottish population, a slight decline from 2007, when the SNP first formed the Scottish government.[399] By 2012, there had been no poll evidence of majority support for independence, although the share “vehemently opposed to independence” had declined.[399] According to Curtice, the polls were stable during most of 2013, with “no” leading by an average of 17% with a year to go.[400] Polling expert Nate Silver said in 2013 that the yes campaign had “virtually no chance” of winning the referendum.[401]
    The gap narrowed after the release of the Scottish government white paper on independence: an average of 5 polls in December 2013 and January 2014 gave 39% yes and 61% no, once ‘don’t knows’ had been excluded.[402] The polls tightened further after the Chancellor of the ExchequerGeorge Osborne, stated in February that the UK government was opposed to a currency union; the average yes support increased to 43%, once ‘don’t knows’ had been excluded.[403] There was little movement in the following months, with the average continuing to show 43% yes and 57% no (excluding don’t knows) in July 2014[404] and August 2014.[405]
    In September, polls indicated that the vote would be closer than was indicated earlier. On 6 September a YouGov poll gave those in favour 47% versus 45% for those against; excluding those undecided, the figures were 51% and 49%, respectively.[406] The final polls, taken in the last few days of the campaign, indicated a lead for No of 4–6%.[407] There was no exit poll; instead, soon after polling stations had closed, YouGov released a final poll that had been taken during the day of voting, indicating 46% Yes, 54% No.[408][409]


    55.3% voted against independence,[417] with a turnout of 84.6%. 28 of the 32 council areas voted “No”, although the four areas that voted “Yes” (Dundee, Glasgow, North Lanarkshire and West Dunbartonshire) contained over 20% of the Scottish electorate.
    The overall turnout of 84.6% was very high for Scotland.[418] Turnout was around 50–60% for elections to the Scottish and UK parliaments in the early 21st century.[419] The most recent United Kingdom general election with a comparable turnout was in 1950, when 83.9% voted.[418] The last ballot in the United Kingdom with a higher turnout than 84.6% was in January 1910, when no women and fewer men were allowed to vote (i.e. before universal suffrage applied to UK elections).[418] Of the 32 areas, East Dunbartonshire had the highest turnout at 91.0%, and Glasgow the lowest at 75.0%.[418]
    An academic study, surveying 5,000 Scottish voters soon after the referendum, found that the majority for No was formed by an “unusual alliance” of the very young, average earners, Protestants and women.[420] The study supported polling evidence that there was a gender gap, but countered beliefs that higher earners had supported No and that younger voters had mostly voted Yes.[420]

    Results of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016

    United Kingdom[edit]
    The result of the referendum for the United Kingdom and Gibraltar was declared by the Chief Counting Officer for the referendum, Jenny Watson. In a UK-wide referendum, the position of Chief Counting Officer is held by the chair of the Electoral Commission.[4] The results were declared at Manchester Town Hall at 0720BST on Friday 24 June 2016.[citation needed] The following figures are as reported by the Electoral Commission.[5]
    United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
    Valid votes
    Invalid or blank votes
    Total votes
    Registered voters and turnout

    Campaign groups[edit]

    The official campaign group for leaving the EU was Vote Leave.[28] Other major campaign groups included Leave.EU,[29] Grassroots Out, and Better Off Out,[30] while non-EU affiliated organisations also campaigned for the United Kingdom’s withdrawal, such as the Commonwealth Freedom of Movement Organisation.[31]
    The official campaign to stay in the EU, chaired by Stuart Rose, was known as Britain Stronger in Europe, or informally as Remain. Other campaigns supporting remaining in the EU included Conservatives In,[32] Labour in for Britain,[33] #INtogether (Liberal Democrats),[34] Greens for a Better Europe,[35] Scientists for EU,[36] Environmentalists For Europe,[37] Universities for Europe[38] and Another Europe is Possible.[39]
    • Greens For Europe – The Issues

    1/ Climate & Environment

    Being part of the EU makes sense when it comes to protecting our environment. Pollution and environmental degradation don’t respect national border – so we clearly need cross-border solutions to the challenges we face. If we join forces with other countries, strengthening the EU-wide rules on carbon emissions that are already in place, then we have a chance of keeping future generations safe.
    Our beaches are cleaner, our air less polluted and our wildlife is far safer because of EU rules. Some of our dirtiest power stations have been closed thanks to EU directives.
    The Government has dropped some heavy hints about what would happen to our environmental rules if we quit the EU. Ministers have tried their best to water down air pollution rules, the Chancellor has said that EU nature laws place ‘ridiculous costs‘ on British firms and, most worryingly of all, the Government has beenvigorously stripping away support for clean energy and renewable technology in the UK.

    2/ Workers Rights

    Being a member of the EU means being part of a cross-continental market. It is, therefore, crucial that workers’ rights also span borders.
    From protection for part time and temporary workers to protection from discrimination; from rights for working parents to the right to paid holidays and a regular lunch break; from health and safety to promoting employee voice; the EU has been fundamental in making the British workplace a fairer and more equal place.
    You only have to look at the Tories approach to workers’ rights to see the clear risk of leaving the EU. European rules are a safeguard against the tories love of deregulation and their attacks on trade unionists.

    3/ Freedom of Movement

    We are richer because of freedom of movement. Our lives are enriched when we share them with people from other countries, and our horizons are broadened because we can travel, work and study easily across the EU.
    Students benefit from being able to study abroad. Brits can easily retire in Spain. Our economy is stronger because of people coming here to work and contribute.
    Leaving the EU wouldn’t just risk our multicultural society here in Britain. It would could also stop us from being able to easily study at great European universities,work abroad or retire to the Spanish sunshine

    4/ Jobs

    Being a member of the EU gives us a better chance of getting a decent job.
    A range of studies have taken place – by independent experts as well as the Government – which show that 3-4 million jobs are linked directly and indirectly to our trade with the EU.
    Given that trading with the EU would be harder if we left, and would take many years to negotiate, these jobs would be vulnerable.

    5/ Checks on Corporate Power

    After the financial crisis of 2008 it has become increasingly clear that we need international rules to curb the excess of finance firms in the City of London.
    The EU has brought in a cap on bankers’ bonuses and stricter rules on credit ratings agencies. The EU has also introduced a robin hood tax – which the UK refused to sign up to.
    If we leave the EU the Tories would unleash a wave of deregulation on the City of London – possibly risking another financial crash in doing so.

    6/ Economy

    Being part of the EU gives British businesses, both small and big, access to a 500-million strong market.
    We get out more than we put in. Our annual contribution is equivalent to £340 for each household and yet the CBI says that all the trade, investment, jobs and lower prices that come from our economic partnership with Europe is worth £3000 per year to every household.
    Leaving the EU would risk economic stability in Britain. We’d be forced to negotiate trade deals with many countries – on terms dictated by the Tories.

    7/ Education

    Being part of the EU allows British students to broaden their horizons by living, working and studying abroad. Last year, over 15,000 students studied in another EU country as part of the Erasmus programme.
    The EU provides billions in funding for research at British universities, opening up opportunities for further study for students here as well as funding that allows us to attract talented people from across Europe to contribute to research and innovation here.
    Our membership of the EU helps British universities to thrive – leaving would do huge damage to the opportunities and prospects of British students.

    8/ Keeping the peace

    The EU has been crucial to bringing about a lasting peace in Europe after the bloodshed of the Second World War. Britain has a particularly important role in this peace mission. We have made the mistake in the past of thinking that the Channel will insulate us from crisis in mainland Europe. We are necessary to the effective management and conflicts of our continent; we cannot duck our responsibilities.

    9/ Animals

    The EU has improved conditions for animals where national governments have failed to act, and its influence is felt beyond European borders. The EU brought in a blanket ban on animal testing for cosmetics; banned the import of products newly tested on animals and suspended the use of toxic bee-killing pesticides.
    The EU has also brought in bans on cruel factory farming practices: The EU prohibited the use of sow stalls and barren battery cages for hens.

    We all know the EU isn’t perfect, but be in no doubt, if animals had votes they’d vote to stay in. The UK Government has already tried to weaken laws on laboratory animals – this doesn’t instill confidence that if we were to leave the EU, the current level of protection for animals would remain.



    Bartley/Lucas won the leadership contest with 86% of first preference votes, on an increased turnout from the previous leadership election and the previous contested leadership election.[47] Womack was re-elected as deputy leader.[18]
    Green Party of England and Wales
    Leadership election, 2016[18]
    Candidate Votes  %
     Jonathan Bartley/Caroline Lucas
    David Malone
    David Williams
    Re-open Nominations
    Clive Lord
    Martie Warin
    Simon Cross
    Turnout 15,467 37.1
    Bartley & Lucas elected as Co-Leaders

    Deputy Leadership[edit]

    Green Party of England and Wales Deputy Leadership election, 2016[48]
    Candidate 1st Pref % Count 2 % Count 3 % Count 4 %
     Amelia Womack
    Andrew Cooper
    Shahrar Ali
    Kat Boettge
    Daniella Radice
    Storm Poorun
    Alan Borgars
    Re-open Nominations
    Non-Transferable Votes
    Turnout 11,338 26.3
    Amelia Womack re-elected as Deputy Leader[49]


    Caroline Lucas, then an MEP for South East England, was elected as the first Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales in 2008 (formerly a system of two principal speakers was used). In the new Constitution of the Green Party, it was also mandated that there would be leadership elections every two years.,[5] Lucas was elected as the first Green Party MP, for the constituency of Brighton Pavilion, and in the same year she was re-elected unopposed as Leader. In 2012, she announced she would not be standing again as Leader, saying: “The reason that I’ve decided not to re-stand… is because I want to give other people the opportunity to get well known, to have some profile in the party, hopefully to use that to get themselves elected as well.”[6]
    In the 2012 leadership electionNatalie Bennett, a journalist for The Guardian, was elected as Leader. She was re-elected unopposed in the 2014 leadership election, and then led the party in the 2015 general election. At the general election, the Green Party’s vote share increased from 1.0% to 3.8%, but they did not increase their parliamentary representation.[7] Following the 2016 local elections, in which the Green Party lost four local councillors but came third in the London Assembly and in the London mayoral election, Bennett defended her record as Leader.[8] On 15 May 2016, Bennett announced she would not be standing again for election later in 2016, saying: “There have been times when I got things right, and times when I got things wrong, but that’s because I’m not a smooth, spin-trained, lifelong politician.”[3][9]


    During the course of the leadership campaign, the UK held a referendum resulting in a vote to leave the EU. This led to leadership contests starting in the Conservative Party, UKIP and the Labour Party.
    A series of hustings was held,[10][better source needed] including in London,[11] Leeds,[12] and Manchester (for the Leadership[13] and deputy Leadership[14]).
    Caroline Lucas stated that she and Bartley “want to forge a new “progressive alliance” with other political parties willing to advocate electoral reform – potentially including deals over who would contest particular parliamentary seats.”[15] Rival candidate Clive Lord criticised the plan, noting the rejection of the idea by Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn.[16] Lord said, “What else did anyone think Corbyn would say to the Green Party’s Progressive Alliance? It makes sense for Labour – both factions – to eliminate Greens wherever we do well, because we only take what they regard as ‘their’ votes and nobody else’s. So the four or five seats (if you include Sheffield Central) where we would want a clear run, are the last that Labour would allow us.”
    Matt Townsend, a party executive member, expressed concern that Lucas’s early entry into the contest would lead it to become a “coronation”,[17] as did other party commentators.[18]
    The campaign has been covered by various on-line and printed media, including Vice,[19] Bright Green,[20] Left Foot Forward,[21] The Guardian,[22] and The Huffington Post.[23]
    As part of the election process, all candidates have been invited to answer a diverse range of questions related to Green Party policy by various party organisations and affiliates. One consistent question at hustings and in the questionnaires is the question of identity, diversity and LGBT BAME representation in the party and how noticeably homogenous the leadership race is in particular. All candidates have acknowledged this and it is not a point of contention. The question was put in the Electoral Reform Society’s questionnaire and all candidates answers and views on this issue were printed.[24] A campaign to support Re-open nominations in the leadership vote was founded upon an alleged lack of diversity in the make-up of the leadership candidates.[25][26][27]
    Other major questionnaires were on Reddit from the UK Greens Reddit Climate Action Group,[28] The Green Party Trade union Group,[29] and from Bright Green, one of Britain’s leading left-wing blogs.[30]


    According to the Constitution of the Green Party the leadership should be “the primary public faces of the party, responsible for presenting Green Party policy and promoting its electoral activity and campaigns to the public on a daily basis.” Candidates must have been members of the Green Party for three years or more at the close of nominations, and must have signatures supporting their nomination from a minimum of twenty other party members. Elections are constitutionally mandated to take place every two years by a postal ballot of all members. The Constitution states that nominations for leadership will be open from 10:00 on the first week-day in June until noon on the last week-day in June. Polls will close either after the last mail delivery on the last week-day of August, or five week-days before Autumn Conference starts, whichever is sooner. The party elects a Leader and two Deputy Leaders, or two Co-Leaders and a Deputy leader (thus, as Bartley/Lucas won the leadership, only one deputy leader was chosen).[5] Several other executive positions are also being chosen. Re-open nominations(RON) is included as a voting option.[31] Votes are counted according to single transferable vote and alternative vote, as appropriate.


    On 20 May 2016, the party announced a provisional timetable for both the leadership and deputy leadership elections.[32] Further details were announced on 27 May 2016.[33] On the 29th June 2016, it was announced that the close of nominations would be postponed from 30/06/2016 12:00 to 30/06/2016 22:00 due to a “technical problem”.[34]
    • 1 June 2016 (10:00) – Nominations open
    • 30 June 2016 (22:00) – Nominations close
    • 1 July 2016 – Campaign period begins
    • 24 July 2016 – Campaign period ends
    • 25 July 2016 – One month balloting period begins
    • 25 August 2016 – Balloting period ends
    • 2 September 2016 – Autumn Conference begins in Birmingham; results are announced
    • 4 September 2016 – Autumn Conference ends

    On Green Leadership.
    37% turnout
    41 690 active eligible voters
    Incumbents advantage

    Incumbency advantage[edit]

    In general, incumbents have structural advantages over challengers during elections. The timing of elections may be determined by the incumbent instead of a set schedule. For most political offices, the incumbent often has more name recognition due to their previous work in the office. Incumbents also have easier access to campaign finance, as well as government resources (such as the franking privilege) that can be indirectly used to boost a campaign. An election (especially for a legislature) in which no incumbent is running is often called an open seat; because of the lack of incumbency advantage, these are often amongst the most hotly contested races in any election.
    In the United States, incumbents traditionally win their party’s nomination to run for office. Unseating an incumbent president, governor, senator or other figure during a primary election is very difficult, and even in the general election, incumbents have a very strong record. For instance, the percentage of incumbents who win reelection after seeking it in the U.S. House of Representatives has been over 80% for over 50 years, and is often over 90%.[4] However, this rate may be artificially inflated, as incumbents that feel unlikely to win may decline to run for reelection. Additionally, shifts in congressional districts due to reapportionment or other longer-term factors may make it more or less likely for an incumbent to win re-election over time. For example, a Democratic incumbent in historically conservative rural Texas would have less chance of winning than a Democratic incumbent in historically liberal New York City, because Texas has shifted away from the Democratic Party in terms of voting while New York City has shifted toward the same party (see also Congressional stagnation in the United States).
    When newcomers vie to fill an open office, voters tend to compare and contrast the candidates’ qualifications, issues positions and personal characteristics in a relatively straightforward way. Elections featuring an incumbent, on the other hand, are as Guy Molyneux puts it, “fundamentally a referendum on the incumbent.”[5] Voters will first grapple with the record of the incumbent. Only if they decide to “fire” the incumbent do they begin to evaluate whether the challenger is an acceptable alternative.
    ERS promoted a de facto incumbency advantage to Caroline Luca who in term blessed the Co Leadership status of Johnathan Bartley who also benefits from the in-group biases demonstrated by the Green establishment including publications who support its establishment. Wikipedia particularly promoted this incumbency element to the competition.
    The deputy leadership is a more complex version of the same phenomena.
    Tom Harris Caroline is re-elected and already the Party’s management is bending over backwards to accommodate her every whim. Watch out Green Party staff members who have their own opinion – I predict sackings and gagging clauses coming up very soon.

    Tom Harris Labour would only enter into a pact if it was guaranteed to destroy, or at very least, severely disadvantage the junior partner. Just look at what measures the PLP is prepared to go to in order to get its own way. They are careerist monsters, dead set on pushing through their own agenda at all costs. Sound familiar?!

    Like · Reply · 1 · 
    Roger Lewis
    Roger Lewis I agree with Tom harris, the top down turn in the GP atmosphere is quite marked and the CO/ leadership bid was a coRONation. The presidential style of politics being promoted by the CO/ Leaders and their ´´Team´´ is straight out of Clinton Playbook 101, including terminology. `Progressive” is a very American term for watering down and neutering radicalism. Caroline, I am afraid to say, has caught westminsteritis and its contempt for Participative democracy. Chucka ummana displayed this very clearly in the debate of the neverendum in the Commons second chamber, yesterday. ´´Troubling our constituents with referendums´´he called it. Joseph Shumpeter described this as a competing elites model of democracy. ( quotes from Roy Madron​, Super Competent Democracies).

    ‘Democracy is that institutional arrangement for arriving at political decisions in which individuals acquire the power to decide by means of a competitive struggle for the people’s vote’.” Joseph Schumpeter, Quoted from Roy Madron , Super Competent Democracies who in turn Cites. “Participation, and Democratic Theory” by Carole Pateman. Dr. Pateman says that, Schumpeter and his followers: … set the current Anglo-American political system as our democratic ideal (with) a ‘democratic theory’ that in many respects bears a strange resemblance to the anti-democratic arguments of the last (i.e. 19th) century. No longer is democratic theory centered on the participation of ‘the people’; in the contemporary theory of democracy it is the participation of the minority elite that is crucial and the non-participation of the apathetic, ordinary man lacking in the feelings of political efficacy, that is regarded as the main bulwark against instability.” Natalie was/is a great Democrat and good for the Green Party. I am skeptical of the co/Leadership which I feel Tom has quite rightly questioned , the Blairite Blue/Green turn it seems is accelerating, the piece in the Guardian advocating a turn to the right all add up to a pretty obvious pre-planned and probably Establishment endorsed , ‘make the Green Party ´ electable´ploy, plausible deniability built in of course. Ironically on the alliance front, the establishment will have been thinking about Jeremy Corbyn and a real left wing Labour party which it obviously abhors. If PR is on the cards which it would be in almost by default in a Federated post BrettBritain ,( Think federated union to preserve the union) getting the Green into the centre ground to the left of neoliberalismbut also of it, would make sense for gaming Post Brexit federal Britain and its PR based parliament . It is clear that some form of federation will be required to accomodate Scottish autonomy within a re – modeledunion as clearly another indie referendum would see and end of the Union,as things currently stand. The neverendum debate yesterday was quite informative and Caroline was in the seconders chair, not a very democratic look for the new Blue/Green I feel. heres the full debate http://parliamentlive.tv/…/cb2f33f6-f9fe-463e-a6d5…https://youtu.be/3njSwTej4No…

    Elise Benjamin Roger, I don’t know where to begin responding to your comments! By Blue/Green do you mean a leadership that are proud socialists (Jonathan is a member of Green Left)? No policy decisions are being made, this is a genuine attempt to open up debate on working cross party (that’s including Plaid and SNP) to try to stop the Tories. There are clear red lines on the economy, energy production, welfare, and support for PR. It’s clear from the protest votes in the referendum and from our experience with on the street campaigning that voters want a more cooperative form of politics and we are the party taking a lead on this.
    Like · Reply · 
    Mike Shone
    Mike Shone Elise Benjamin there is extremely serious problem with this initiative not being evaluated and evaluations running contrary not being absorbed. Overlooking the crisis in the Labour Party, its tribalism and reactionary nature including under the overexcited Corbynista surge indicates that a PA is not workable for the next General Election where Labour will suffer a devastating defeat,
    Like · Reply · 
    Roger Lewis
    Roger Lewis Elise Benjamin Hi Elise, I am writing an article fully addressing the problems I see regarding the coRONation which is nota mandate when one considers that 32.55% of eligible voters supported the co leader bid, why the turnout is so low is probably explained by concerns expressed about the shot gun announcement of the co leader campaign in May. A low turnout was always going to be to the advantage of Caroline who fully utilised incumbentsadvantage as the only Green Party MP. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incumbent (see incumbency advantage section) On Brexit and PR , caroline made an excellent speech in the second chamber of the commons yesterday on the neverendum debate. On Johnathan’sleft wing credentials, Owen Smith claims to be of the Left, lip service is not praxis. I will explain in more depth what I mean by this in my article , I will post it here in the next few days. On Brexit lets not forget a referendum on EU membership was actually promised in the GP 2015 manifesto, reform of the EU ( and its neo liberal constitution and practical policy positions) is supported by caroline, a member of DIEM 25) but I highlight that her speech in the commons conflates policy and parliamentarypolitical will and electoral efficacy, the arguments will all be in my article and I will not summarise them here. The DIEM 25 vis the lexit position on EU membership are both valid positions, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pq72f81kkM4 . A rightward and top down drift of the greens is in the establishments agenda Shahrah in his conference speech makes the point that. ”There are many challenges ahead not just in party politics but in global politics.

    But the end doesn’t justify means. As Gandhi well understood, rather the means is the ends in the making.

    Take the media. It’s not the media that controls this party; it’s what we do in spite of the media that counts. (Please re tweet.)”https://www.greenparty.org.uk/…/shahrar-ali-speech-to…/ The establishment as I have said above may well find a federaland pr based system of uk government necessary to preserve the union, a left wing GP will not be allowed and the preferred meansof dealing with the GP nicely will be to encourage the right wing shift in return for PR. Similar to Labour and its rightward shift allowing the wastedyears of Blairism . The Blue Greens will be a watered down controlled opposition to neo liberalism at best. This is an interesting game of chess the question for me is not whether the greens have been targeted for infiltration but how far that infiltration has already got?

    Ian Woodall Labour need a dose of realism. Pehaps Corbyn getting them virtually wiped out will provide that. But its a heavy price.
    Like · Reply · 1 ·  · Edited
    Roger Lewis
    Roger Lewis this is pure speculation and there is no credible evidence to suggest this is the case. Certainly that is the establishment view and the media view. The elctorate may have very different ideas if it can be fully engaged. PArt of electoral reform should be about securing high turnout of all eligible voters, a measure by which the risible 37% turnout in the green leadership election fails by a long mark. The low turnout was assisted by the shotgun start of proceeding back in May.
    Like · Reply · 
    Ian Woodall
    Ian Woodall Oh dear. You are one of them arent you?

    31% of the vote in national polls
    A mid term position 14 points.No opposition party has ever won from that position
    Corbyns poll rating amongst Labour voters is awful
    behind May and her crew
    The kind of media management Sports Direct woild reject as useless.

    They are going to stall on 30% and May will cream them.

    Sorry and all that but thems the facts.

    Like · Reply · 1 · 
    Ian Woodall
    Ian Woodall P.s. not being a git. But can we not have THAT fight amongst the nice people in the Green Party?
    Like · Reply · 
    Roger Lewis
    Roger Lewis Ian, what do you mean by one of them? polls have been discredited this past few years, It has not escaped all of our notice that they were wrong about 2015 and wrong about Brexit. It may well be that a Corbyn led Labour party is un electable, the position Labour finds itself in though is certainly due to the ´Coup´attempt and all of the media narratives that have preciently saged each twist and turn, I find such precience odd? perhaps that is because I am ´One of Them´? What are Corbyns greatest policy crimes? a stance against neo liberalism is certainly one of them, opposing the Austerity (There is no alternative ) narrative certainly another. The Green PArty 2015 mainifesto was well to the left of Labour certainly no more left/right than Corbyns political pallette I would argue. Maybe its corbyns stance on Trident, or Syrian bombing or EU agression in Ukraine? Perhaps it is that COrbyn doesn’t believe all he reads in the news papers. Shahrar Ali said this in his conference speech. ”There are many challenges ahead not just in party politics but in global politics.

    But the end doesn’t justify means. As Gandhi well understood, rather the means is the ends in the making.

    Take the media. It’s not the media that controls this party; it’s what we do in spite of the media that counts. (Please re tweet.)”https://www.greenparty.org.uk/…/shahrar-ali-speech-to…/ . We could all do a lot worse than to reflect on Shahrars words, I loook forward to his return to the leadership of the GP when democracy is restored.

    I wasn’t sure I’d be able to face you today. Not out of some misplaced sense of wounded pride, but the sheer weight of disappointment; the feeling that I still had so much more to give as your deputy.
    A more representative inclusive democracy. Democratic Control.
      1. a political system that delivers government on the basis of just based upon just 24% of the eligible vote clearly does not give us that.
    Second refernedum on the terms. The other side of the door?
    Parliamentary scrutiny of the plan?
    Max parliamentary scrutiny but referendum on one of the 7 alternatives.
    Leave campaigners squeel? Lexit case is well made,https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pq72f81kkM4
    look at debate of DIEM 25 or Lexit two schools of thought on how to reform EU.
    Doing referendums differently ERS.
    Top down misleading claims with impunity.
    Egregious lies of leave
    Freedom of Movement
    Single market access
    EU rules
    350million pound per week.
    Peter Lilley intervention @ 5.21
    50 free trade aggs 3 with freedom of movement and those from govts proposing to join.
    Difference between Free trade and membership of single market.
    Direction of the train,
    General election
    Parliamentary scrutiny.
    Stakeholder participation
    Outside UK race to the bottom, tax haven.
    Keeping what we have Gold standard, improving upon it?
    Air water wildlife, Habitats directive birds directive preservation of environmantal settlement . EU derived human and workers rights.
    Guarantee eu nationals welcome to stay.

    Share your thoughts

    We want to know what you think the future of the Green party will hold, and indeed what you think it should be. Are you happy with the new leadership? What strengths do you think the party has in the current political landscape? What message would you have for non-Green voters?
    Get in touch via the form below and we’ll use some of your views as part of our reporting.

    Roger G Lewis
    Age 51.
    Sweden place of residence.
    Occupation. retired business man

    best described as I´ve votd Green in the past.

    What makes you a Green party supporter? If you are not a Green supporter, what would you like to see from the party?
    I started supoporting the greens instead of Labour in the 2015 General election primarily due to policies on Monetary reform , I blogged about it at the time here.http://letthemconfectsweeterlies.blogspot.se/2015/04/paying-for-promises-trumpo-card-of.html
    Check out policy EC661 The Green Party believes that,…
    How do you feel about the new leadership pairing? How can the green party secure success under Lucas and Bartley?
    The use of incumbents advantage by Carline to annoint Bartley has not played well at grass roots level. This device and the shotgun start in the 1 month head start Caroline awarded their co leader bid has led to complaints of a stitch up . The turnout was just 37% it would have been higher had the coronation not started its procession one month ahead of other candidates being able to declare. The Top down style the leadership race and also progressive alliance proposals agressivley trailed by Lucas/Bartley also have engendered suspicion. This suspicion is also compounded by Johnathans privelidged middle class and Tory past. His speech at conference explaining this away it is fair to say has met with some skepticisim. The lack of diverstiy in the leadership and in the candidates standing did not go un noticed and the loss of Shahrar Ali to the leadership is nothing short of a tragedy.
    What do you see as the Green party’s biggest failing in the past?
    I agree with David malone that the parties biggest failing in the past is ´´Kissing Whales´´a failure to address the broad spectrum of political economy and the very middle class , ´´tories doing gardeners question time´´ made the party irrelevant, even alien to the broad mass of working class voters. The new leadership team do nothing to address the too white, too middle class and altogether too bourgoise face of the Green party.
    If you are a Green party supporter, what message do you have for someone considering voting Green?
    Keep a close eye on the next manifesto, if it is watered down and moves to the centre ground to the right of whatever the ´´new ´´, Labour party position becomes when its civil war ceases, do not vote Green if Monetary reform, UBI and seeking reform of the EU disappear, also be very wary. It is it seems forgotten that the GP did have an EU referendum promise in its 2015 manifesto, I have been analysing very closely Carolines speech in the commons debate yesterday.Listening to Brexit is a very important discipline for a democrat, Carolines speech is a curates egg in this regard sadly.
    What do you think the Green party needs to do to grow its membership/support?
    The Green party is pretty poor when it comes to digital and online social media. It needs to walk the walk not just talk the talk of real electoral reform in Praxis and not just theory. Caroline said this yesterday in the neverendum debate. ‘A more representative inclusive democracy. Democratic Control.
    @2.24mins ” a political system that delivers government on the basis of just based upon just 24% of the eligible vote, clearly does not give us that.´´
    On Green Leadership.
    37% turnout
    41 690 active eligible voters
    32.55% mandate?for Lucas/Bartley
    Incumbents advantage.? fully employed for the co leaders, through to the actual online ballot presentation.
    The leadership election figures tell a similar story, was it voter suppression? probably not, certainly though it was contributory negligence on the part of Lucas/bartley and the GP machinery.
    Daniel Lee Why are you joining Labour Party members to mock our leadership just because your candidate didn’t win?
    Like · Reply · 
    Roger Lewis
    Roger Lewis Actually that isn´t the case at all Daniel,I think that it is an obvious question to make and in the electoral politics in 2020 or sooner we need to examine these questions. It is not just Johnathan that is not representative neither are Caroline and neither is Amelia, If David Malone or David Williams had won and there were two white middle class deputies I would level the same critisisim. Diversity and representation are key issues. My biggest regret is that Shahrar Ali Green Party is not in the leadership both he and David know that I would have preferred that Shahrar had run for the leadership and David as one of the deputies. Daniel Curtis is an irrelevance in my considerations Diversity was an issue for RON, the conduct of the election itself was institutionally biased to the incumbemncy of Caroline as the Green Party one trick pony MP (they will claim, not my view). Obviously these arguments must be met with pragmatic and openminded critique. Thats democracy as far as I am concerned Dan I do not do tribal I am afraid, and believe in speaking my mind. I have no idea what David Malones views are or those of Shahrah Ali, these are my own private views and I hold them sincerely and without any mallice found in any dissappointment that David Malone did not achieve more votes, thats not a consideration what is, is are the GP electable? with this danger of a drift to the RIght and possibility of being or becoming a controlled opposition to neo – liberalism. This ´´Progressive Alliance ´´stich ” strikes me as a bit over-played , is rather pooh poohed by a lot of greens I have read and respect, like Clive Lord for instance. There is a wider game and it saddens me that the GP seems to suffer selective memory loss regarding its own history and policy stances.
    Europe The Green Party recognises that the UK is part of Europe and that we cannot cut ourselves off from our geography or its political realities. Our message on Europe is positive, not based on fear and nostalgia. Much EU action has been progressive: safeguarding basic rights, peace and security achieved through mutual understanding, environmental protection, the spread of culture and ideas, and regulation of the financial system. And in other areas, such as welfare policy, open discussion and coordination are useful. However, we prioritise local self-reliance rather than the EU’s unsustainable economics of free trade and growth. We would not adopt the Euro, which cannot work properly without much deeper political integration, and this would be contrary to our policy of subsidiarity. We support the proposal to have an in–out referendum so that the British people can have their say. This is because much has changed since the UK joined the Common Market in 1974. Endless debate on membership is a diversion from more important matters, such as ending inequality and adapting our economy to One-Planet Living. So it’s yes to Europe, yes to reform of the EU but also yes to a referendum. This is the policy that led to the election of an additional Green MEP, Molly Scott Cato, in the South West last year.
    In a situation of manipulation, the Left is almost always tempted by a “quick return to power,” forgets the necessity of joining with the oppressed to forge an organization, and strays into an impossible “dialogue” with the dominant elites. It ends by being manipulated by these elites, and not infrequently itself falls in an elitist game, which it calls “realism.”
    Manipulation, like the conquest whose objectives it serves, attempts to anesthetize the people so they will not think. For if the people join to their presence in the historical process critical thinking about that process, the threat of their emergence materializes in revolution…One of the methods of manipulation is to inoculate individuals with the bourgeois appetite for personal success. This manipulation is sometimes carried out directly by the elites and sometimes indirectly, through populist leaders.” 
    ― Paulo Freire
    Pedagogy of the Oppressed
    Jeremy Bentham published a long Correspondense with Adam Smith on the tilte The Defence of Usury, Bentham also in that Pamplhlet set out the logical basis upon which Colonialisation would make sense to a colonising power.The value of a colony to the mother country, according to the
    common mode of computation, is equal to the sum total of imports
    from that colony and exports to it put together.
    From this statement, if the foregoing observation be just,
    the following deductions will come to be made.
    1. The whole value of the exports to the colony.
    2. So much of the imports as is balanced by the exports.
    3. Such a portion of the above remainder as answers to so
    much of the trade as would be equally carried on, were the colony
    4. So much of that reduced profit as would be made, were the
    same capital employed in any other trade or branch of industry
    lost by the independence of the colony.
    5. But the same capital, if employed in agriculture. would
    have produced a rent over and above the ordinary profits of
    capital: which rent, according to a general and undisputed
    computation, may be stated at a sum equal to the amount of those
    profits. Thence arises a further deduction, viz. the loss to the
    nation caused by employing the capital in the trade to the
    colony, in preference to the improvement of land, and thence upon
    the supposition that the continuance of the trade depended upon
    the keeping the colony in subjection.
    The other mischiefs resulting from the keeping of a colony in
    subjection, are:
    1. The expence of its establishment, civil and military.
    2. The contingent expence of wars and other coercive measures
    for keeping it in subjection.
    3. The contingent expence of wars for the defence of it
    against foreign powers.
    4. The force, military and naval, constantly kept on foot
    under the apprehension of such wars.
    5. The occasional danger to political liberty from the force
    thus kept up.
    6. The contingent expence of wars produced by alliances
    contracted for the purpose of supporting wars that may be brought
    on by the defence of it.
    7. The corruptive effects of the influence resulting from the
    patronage of the establishment, civil and military.
    8. The damage that must be done to the national stock of
    intelligence by the false views of the national interest, which
    must be kept up in order to prevent the nation from opening their
    eyes and insisting upon the enfranchisement of the colony.
    9. The sacrifice that must be made of the real interest of
    the colony to this imaginary interest of the mother-country. It
    is for the purpose of governing it badly, and for no other, that
    you wish to get or keep a colony. Govern it well, it is of no use
    to you.
    To govern its inhabitants as well as they would govern
    themselves, you must choose to govern them those only whom they
    would themselves choose, you must sacrifice none of their
    interests to your own, you must bestow as much time and attention
    to their interests as they would themselves, in a word, you must
    take those very measures and no others, which they themselves
    would take. But would this be governing? And what would it be
    worth to you, if it were?
    After all, it would be impossible for you to govern them so
    well as they would themselves, on account of the distance.
    10. The bad government resulting to the mother-country from
    the complication, the indistinct views of things, and the
    consumption of time occasioned by this load of distant
    Benthamns Defense of usury is flawed in that it misunderstands the Debt aspects of Money creation, which was not as bad then as it is now but was still a system being pedalled by the infamous John Law in France.
    With Fat Boy Slims strains of praise
    and Mr Blairs Things getting worse
    Thematic Songs of triumph sung with zeal,
    Kinnocks Áll rIght´,fist raised aloft,
    Opponents ready to sharpen their Sheffield Steel,
    to mock and to scoff.

    “In a situation of manipulation, the Left is almost always tempted by a “quick return to power,” forgets the necessity of joining with the oppressed to forge an organization, and strays into an impossible “dialogue” with the dominant elites. It ends by being manipulated by these elites, and not infrequently itself falls in an elitist game, which it calls “realism.”

    Manipulation, like the conquest whose objectives it serves, attempts to anesthetize the people so they will not think. For if the people join to their presence in the historical process critical thinking about that process, the threat of their emergence materializes in revolution…One of the methods of manipulation is to inoculate individuals with the bourgeois appetite for personal success. This manipulation is sometimes carried out directly by the elites and sometimes indirectly, through populist leaders.” 
    ― Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed

Compose new post
Next post/Next comment
Previous post/Previous comment
Show/Hide comments
Go to top
Go to login
Show/Hide help
shift + esc