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  • rogerglewis 4:59 am on July 28, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Stiglitz, Tax Cuts and Trickle Down. 

  • rogerglewis 11:14 am on July 27, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    "Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam", nihil sub sole novum 

    Profitless usurer, why dost thou useSo great a sum of sums, yet canst not live?For having traffic with thy self alone,Thou of thy self thy sweet self dost deceive:Then how when nature calls thee to be gone,What acceptable audit canst thou leave?


    It would have been a major conceptual error to allow usury to be
    charged on agricultural loans denominated in metals, especially if the
    interest and principal was to be paid in metal. For one thing, metals are
    “barren” - they have no powers of generation. Any interest paid in them
    must originate from some other source or process, outside of the bor-
    rower’s understanding or control. Money and power would concentrate
    in the hands of lenders.

    This structural flaw was alleviated by the central authority. Although
    the Royal household was the largest lender and charger of interest, it
    took decisive action to minimize the harmful effects of usury, by peri-
    odically declaring agricultural debt forgiveness. It also set official prices
    for valuing various farm commodities, in effect monetizing them.

    “In the earliest city cultures every form of exchangeable goods could
    be used as money,” Heichelheim reports, estimating that 12 to 20 such
    commodities were monetized. He thought that price lists such as
    Hammurabi’s price tables (and those of Sumer, and of Mesopotamia)
    have been misinterpreted as price controls when they are really official
    exchange rates of various commodities when used as money. 13

    This meant that borrowers, depending on their harvest to repay
    loans, wouldn’t be harmed by seasonal market supply and demand
    forces, as the increased supply from their harvest tended to push market
    prices lower. Thus the effect of monetizing these commodities was to set
    minimum floor prices for them, when used to repay loans.

    But the usury error struck in Europe, and by the time the practice of
    usury reached Greece and Rome, over a millennia later, repayment and
    interest of metallic loans for agriculture were being demanded in metal
    or coinage. This practice was not sustainable, and as we shall see, it led
    to horrendous societal problems wherever it occurred.



    The Finance Curse

    For many years, we’ve been told that finance is good and more finance is better. But it doesn’t seem everyone in the UK is sharing the benefits. On this program, we ask a very simple question – can a country suffer from a finance curse?
    Host Ross Ashcroft is joined by City veteran David Buik and the man who coined the term Quantitative Easing, International Banking and Finance Professor Richard Werner.


    Zeus. Hermes. Momus
    Zeus. Now, gentlemen, enough of that muttering and whispering in corners. You complain that our banquets are thrown open to a number of undesirable persons. Very well: the Assembly has been convened for the purpose of dealing with this very point, and every one is at liberty to declare his sentiments openly, and bring what allegations he will.–Hermes, make formal proclamation to that effect
    Her. All duly qualified divinities are hereby invited to address the Assembly on the subject of foreigners and immigrants. Mo. Have I your permission to speak, sir?
    2Zeus. It is not needed; you have heard the proclamation.
    Mo. I desire, then, to protest against the insufferable vanity of some among us who, not content with their own promotion to godhead, would introduce their dependants and underlings here as our equals. Sir, I shall express myself on this subject with that blunt sincerity which is inseparable from my character. I am known to the world as one whose unfettered tongue cannot refrain from speech in the presence of wrong-doing; as one who probes matters to the bottom, and says what he thinks, without concealment, without fear, and without scruple. My frankness is burdensome to the generality of Gods, who mistake it for censoriousness; I have been termed by such the Accuser General. But I shall none the less avail myself of the 3freedom accorded to me by the proclamation–and by your permission, sir–to speak my mind without reserve.–There are, I repeat it, many persons who, despite their mixed origin, have been admitted to our feasts and councils upon terms of
    equality; and who, not satisfied with this, have brought hither their servants and satellites, and enrolled them among the Gods; and these menials now share in our rations and sacrifices without ever so much as paying the customary tax.
    Zeus. These are riddles. Say what you mean in so many words, and let us have the names. Generalities of this kind can only give ground for random conjecture; they might apply to any one. You are a friend to sincerity: speak on, then, without hesitation
    Mo. This is really most gratifying. Such encouragement is 4precisely what I should have expected of a king of your exalted spirit; I will mention the name. I refer, in fact, to Dionysus. Although the mother of this truly estimable demi-god was not only a mortal, but a barbarian, and his maternal grandfather a tradesman in Phoenicia, one Cadmus, it was thought necessary to confer immortality upon him. With his own conduct since that time, I am not concerned; I shall have nothing to say on the subject of his snood, his inebriety, or his manner of walking. You may all see him for yourselves: an effeminate, half-witted creature, reeking of strong liquor from the early hours of the day. But we are indebted to him for the presence of a whole tribe of his followers, whom he has introduced into our midst under the title of Gods. Such are Pan, Silenus, and the Satyrs; coarse persons, of frisky tendencies and eccentric appearance, drawn chiefly from the goat-herd class. The first-mentioned of these, besides being horned, has the hind-quarters of a goat, and his enormous beard is not unlike that of the same animal. Silenus is an old man with a bald head and a snub nose, who is generally to be seen riding on a donkey; he is of Lydian extraction. The Satyrs are Phrygians; they too are bald, and have pointed ears, and sprouting horns, like those of young kids. When I add that every one of these persons is provided with a tail, you will realize the extent of our obligation
    5to Dionysus. And with these theological curiosities before their eyes, we wonder why it is that men think lightly of the Gods! I might have added that Dionysus has also brought us a couple of ladies: Ariadne is one, his mistress, whose crown is now set among the host of stars; the other is farmer Icarius’s daughter. And the cream of the jest is still to come: the dog, Erigone’s dog, must be translated too; the poor child would never be happy in Heaven without the sweet little pet! What can we call this but a drunken freak?
    So much for Dionysus. I now proceed–
    6Zeus. Now, Momus, I see what you are coming to: but you will kindly leave Asclepius and Heracles alone. Asclepius is a physician, and restores the sick; he is

    More worth than many men.

    [paragraph continues]And Heracles is my own son, and purchased his immortality with many toils. So not one word against either of them.
    Mo. Very well, sir; as you wish, though I had something to say on that subject, too. You will excuse my remarking, at any rate, that they have something of a scorched appearance still. With reference to yourself, sir, a good deal might be said, if I could feel at liberty——
    Zeus. Oh, as regards myself, you are,–perfectly at liberty. What, then, I am an interloper too, am I?
    Mo. Worse than that, according to what they say in Crete: your tomb is there on view. Not that I believe them, any more than I believe that Aegium story, about your being a 7changeling. But there is one thing that I think ought to be made clear. You yourself, sir, have set us the example in loose conduct of this kind; it is you we have to thank–you and your terrestrial gallantries and your transformations–for the present mixed state of society. We are quite uneasy about it. You will be caught, some day, and sacrificed as a bull; or some goldsmith
    will try his hand upon our gold-transmuted sire, and we shall have nothing to show for it but a bracelet, a necklace or a pair of earrings. The long and short of it is, that Heaven is simply swarming with these demi-gods of yours; there is no other word for it. It tickles a man considerably when he suddenly finds Heracles promoted to deity, and Eurystheus, his taskmaster, dead and buried, his tomb within easy distance of his slave’s temple; or again when he observes in Thebes that Dionysus is a God, but that God’s cousins, Pentheus, Actaeon, and Learchus, only mortals, and poor devils at that. You see, sir, ever since you gave the entrée to people of this 8sort, and turned your attention to the daughters of Earth, all the rest have followed suit; and the scandalous part of it is, that the Goddesses are just as bad as the Gods. Of the cases of Anchises, Tithonus, Endymion, Iasion, and others, I need say nothing; they are familiar to every one, and it would be tedious to expatiate further.
    Zeus. Now I will have no reflections on Ganymede’s antecedents; I shall be very angry with you, if you hurt the boy’s feelings.
    Mo. Ah; and out of consideration for him I suppose I must also abstain from any reference to the eagle, which is now a God like the rest of us, perches upon the royal sceptre, and may be expected at any moment to build his nest upon the head of Majesty?–Well, you must allow me Attis, Corybas, and 9Sabazius: by what contrivance, now, did they get here? and that Mede there, Mithras, with the candys and tiara? why, the fellow cannot speak Greek; if you pledge him, he does not know what you mean. The consequence is, that Scythians and Goths, observing their success, snap their fingers at us, and distribute divinity and immortality right and left; that was how the slave Zamolxis’s name slipped into our register. However, 10let that pass. But I should just like to ask that Egyptian
    there–the dog-faced gentleman in the linen suit 1–who he is, and whether he proposes to establish his divinity by barking? And will the piebald bull yonder 2, from Memphis, explain what use he has for a temple, an oracle, or a priest? As for the ibises and monkeys and goats and worse absurdities that are bundled in upon us, goodness knows how, from Egypt, I am ashamed to speak of them; nor do I understand how you, gentlemen, can endure to see such creatures enjoying a prestige equal to or greater than your own.–And you yourself, sir, must surely find ram’s horns a great inconvenience?
    11Zeus. Certainly, it is disgraceful the way these Egyptians go on. At the same time, Momus, there is an occult significance in most of these things; and it ill becomes you, who are not of the initiated, to ridicule them.
    Mo. Oh, come now: a God is one thing, and a person with a dog’s head is another; I need no initiation to tell me that.
    Zeus. Well, that will do for the Egyptians; time must be taken for the consideration of their case. Proceed to others.
    12Mo. Trophonius and Amphilochus come next. The thought of the latter, in particular, causes my blood to boil: the father 3 is a matricide and an outcast, and the son, if you please, sets up for a prophet in Cilicia, and retails information–usually incorrect–to a believing public at the rate of twopence an oracle. That is how Apollo here has fallen into disrepute: it needs but a quack (and quacks are plentiful), a sprinkling of oil, and a garland or two, and an oracle may be had in these days wherever there is an altar or a stone pillar. Fever patients may now
    be cured either at Olympia by the statue of Polydamas the athlete, or in Thasos by that of Theagenes. Hector receives sacrifice at Troy: Protesilaus just across the water on Chersonese. Ever since the number of Gods has thus multiplied, perjury and temple-robbery have been on the increase. In short, men do not care two straws about us; nor can I blame them.
    That is all I have to say on the subject of bastards and new13 importations. But I have also observed with considerable amusement the introduction of various strange names, denoting persons who neither have nor could conceivably have any existence among us. Show me this Virtue of whom we hear so much; show me Nature, and Destiny, and Fortune, if they are anything more than unsubstantial names, the vain imaginings of some philosopher’s empty head. Yet these flimsy personifications have so far gained upon the weak intelligences of mankind, that not a man will now sacrifice to us, knowing that though he should present us with a myriad of hecatombs, Fortune will none the less work out that destiny which has been appointed for each man from the beginning. I should take it kindly of you, sir, if you would tell me whether you have ever seen Virtue or Fortune or Destiny anywhere? I know that you must have heard of them often enough, from the philosophers, unless your ears are deaf enough to be proof against their bawlings.
    Much more might be said: but I forbear. I perceive that the public indignation has already risen to hissing point; especially in those quarters in which my plain truths have told home.
    In conclusion, sir, I have drawn up a bill dealing with this 14subject; which, with your permission, I shall now read.
    Zeus. Very well; some of your points are reasonable enough. We must put a check on these abuses, or they will get worse.

    On the seventh day of the month in the prytany of Zeus and the presidency of Posidon Apollo in the chair the following Bill introduced by Sleep was read by Momus son of Night before a true and lawful meeting of the Assembly whom Fortune direct.

    Whereas numerous persons both Greeks and barbarians being in no way entitled to the franchise have by means unknown procured their names to be enrolled on our register filling the Heavens with false Gods troubling our banquets with a tumultuous rout of miscellaneous polyglot humanity and causing a deficiency in the supplies of ambrosia and nectar whereby the price of the latter commodity owing to increased consumption has risen to four pounds the half-pint:
    And whereas the said persons have presumptuously forced themselves into the places of genuine and old-established deities and in contravention of law and custom have further claimed precedence of the same deities upon the Earth:
    15It has seemed good to the Senate and People that an Assembly be convened upon Olympus at or about the time of the winter solstice for the purpose of electing a Commission of Inquiry the Commissioners to be duly-qualified Gods seven in number of whom three to be appointed from the most ancient Senate of Cronus and the remaining four from the twelve Gods of whom Zeus to be one and the said Commissioners shall before taking their seats swear by Styx according to the established form and Hermes shall summon by proclamation all such as claim admission to the Assembly to appear and bring with them sworn witnesses together with documentary proofs of their origin and all such persons shall successively appear before the Commissioners and the Commissioners after examination of their claims shall either declare them to be Gods or dismiss them to their own tombs and family vaults and if the Commissioners subsequently discover in Heaven any person so disqualified from entering such person shall be thrown into Tartarus 
    and further each God shall follow his own profession and no 16other and it shall not be lawful either for Athene to heal the sick or for Asclepius to deliver oracles or for Apollo to practise three professions at once but only one either prophecy or music or medicine according as he shall select and instructions shall be issued to 17philosophers forbidding them either to invent meaningless names or to talk nonsense about matters of which they know nothing and if a temple and sacrificial honours have already been accorded to 18any disqualified person his statue shall be thrown down and that of Zeus or Hera or Athene or other God substituted in its place and his city shall provide him with a tomb and set up a pillar in lieu of his altar and against any person refusing to appear before the Commissioners in accordance with the proclamation judgement shall be given by default.
    That, gentlemen, is the Bill.
    Zeus. And a very equitable one it is, Momus. All in favour 19of this Bill hold up their hands! Or no: our opponents are sure to be in a majority. You may all go away now, and when Hermes makes the proclamation, every one must come, bringing with him complete particulars and proofs, with his father’s and mother’s names, his tribe and clan, and the reason and circumstances of his deification. And any of you who fail to produce your proofs will find it is no use having great temples on the Earth, or passing there for Gods; that will not help you with the Commissioners.


    Momus is the name men give your face, 
    The brag of its tone, like a long low steamboat whistle 
    Finding a way mid mist on a shoreland, 
    Where gray rocks let the salt water shatter spray Against horizons purple, silent. 
    Yes, Momus, 
    Men have flung your face in bronze 
    To gaze in gargoyle downward on a street-whirl of folk. 
    They were artists did this, shaped your sad mouth, 
    Gave you a tall forehead slanted with calm, broad wisdom; 
    All your lips to the corners and your cheeks to the high bones 
    Thrown over and through with a smile that forever wishes and wishes, purple, silent, fled from all the iron things of life, evaded like a sought bandit, gone into dreams, by God. 
    I wonder, Momus, 
    Whether shadows of the dead sit somewhere and look with deep laughter 
    On men who play in terrible earnest the old, known, solemn repetitions of history. 
    A droning monotone soft as sea laughter hovers from your kindliness of bronze, 
    You give me the human ease of a mountain peak, purple, silent; 
    Granite shoulders heaving above the earth curves, 
    Careless eye-witness of the spawning tides of men and women 
    Swarming always in a drift of millions to the dust of toil, the salt of tears, 
    And blood drops of undiminishing war.

    The Secular Masque

    Enter JANUS 
    Chronos, Chronos, mend thy pace, 
    An hundred times the rolling sun 
    Around the radiant belt has run 
    In his revolving race. 
    Behold, behold, the goal in sight, 
    Spread thy fans, and wing thy flight. 
    Enter CHRONOS, with a scythe in his hand, and a great globe on his back, which he sets down at his entrance 
    Weary, weary of my weight, 
    Let me, let me drop my freight, 
    And leave the world behind. 
    I could not bear 
    Another year 
    The load of human-kind. 
    Enter MOMUS Laughing 
    Ha! ha! ha! Ha! ha! ha! well hast thou done, 
             To lay down thy pack, 
             And lighten thy back. 
    The world was a fool, e’er since it begun, 
    And since neither Janus, nor Chronos, nor I, 
             Can hinder the crimes, 
             Or mend the bad times, 
    ‘Tis better to laugh than to cry. 
    ‘Tis better to laugh than to cry 
    Since Momus comes to laugh below, 
             Old Time begin the show, 
    That he may see, in every scene, 
    What changes in this age have been, 
    Then Goddess of the silver bow begin. 
    Horns, or hunting-music within 
    With horns and with hounds I waken the day, 
    And hie to my woodland walks away; 
    I tuck up my robe, and am buskin’d soon, 
    And tie to my forehead a waxing moon. 
    I course the fleet stag, unkennel the fox, 
    And chase the wild goats o’er summits of rocks, 
    With shouting and hooting we pierce thro’ the sky; 
    And Echo turns hunter, and doubles the cry. 
    With shouting and hooting, we pierce through the sky, 
    And Echo turns hunter, and doubles the cry. 
    Then our age was in its prime, 
    Free from rage, 
    —And free from crime. 
    A very merry, dancing, drinking, 
    Laughing, quaffing, and unthinking time. 
    Then our age was in its prime, 
    Free from rage, and free from crime, 
    A very merry, dancing, drinking, 
    Laughing, quaffing, and unthinking time. 
    Dance of Diana’s attendants 
    Inspire the vocal brass, inspire; 
    The world is past its infant age: 
             Arms and honour, 
             Arms and honour, 
    Set the martial mind on fire, 
    And kindle manly rage. 
    Mars has look’d the sky to red; 
    And peace, the lazy good, is fled. 
    Plenty, peace, and pleasure fly; 
             The sprightly green 
    In woodland-walks, no more is seen; 
    The sprightly green, has drunk the Tyrian dye. 
    Plenty, peace, |&|c. 
    Sound the trumpet, beat the drum, 
       Through all the world around; 
    Sound a reveille, sound, sound, 
    The warrior god is come. 
    Sound the trumpet, |&|c. 
    Thy sword within the scabbard keep, 
             And let mankind agree; 
    Better the world were fast asleep, 
             Than kept awake by thee. 
    The fools are only thinner, 
             With all our cost and care; 
    But neither side a winner, 
             For things are as they were. 
    The fools are only, |&|c. 
    Enter VENUS 
    Calms appear, when storms are past; 
    Love will have his hour at last: 
    Nature is my kindly care; 
    Mars destroys, and I repair; 
    Take me, take me, while you may, 
    Venus comes not ev’ry day. 
    Take her, take her, |&|c. 
    The world was then so light, 
    I scarcely felt the weight; 
    Joy rul’d the day, and love the night. 
    But since the Queen of Pleasure left the ground, 
             I faint, I lag, 
             And feebly drag 
    The pond’rous Orb around. 
    All, all of a piece throughout; 
    pointing {}} to Diana {}} 
    Thy chase had a beast in view; 
    to Mars 
    Thy wars brought nothing about; 
    to Venus 
    Thy lovers were all untrue. 
    ‘Tis well an old age is out, 
    And time to begin a new. 
    All, all of a piece throughout; 
    Thy chase had a beast in view; 
    Thy wars brought nothing about; 
    Thy lovers were all untrue. 
    ‘Tis well an old age is out, 
    And time to begin a new. 
    If you live in a certain section of reality, the world right now is witnessing a resurgence of liberalism and tolerance thanks to a select troupe of American and European leaders.
    Hillary Clinton is leading “the resistance,” while Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau and German chancellor Angela Merkel are on the front line fighting against encroaching right-wing barbarism. (Never mind, of course, that Merkel is a conservative who opposes gay marriage and has spent years bludgeoning Greece into poverty, and that Trudeau combines the energy policyof Donald Trump with the arms sale policy of Donald Trump.)
    The latest recruit to this line-up of supposedly woke real-world Superfriends is French leader Emmanuel Macron, who in May beat Marine Le Pen, leader of the far-right (though, she will insist, no longer antisemitic) National Front, in the presidential election. Since then, Macron has been the object of liberal admiration the world over, with pundits and observers swooning at his courage for standing up to Trump and Vladimir Putin, as well rejecting Le Pen–style xenophobia.
    Like Trudeau and Obama, Macron is young, handsome, and charismatic. And, as with Clinton (and particularly Trudeau), he has embraced symbolic shows of social liberalism while explicitly positioning himself as a roadblock against the far right. All of this has helped obscure the more disconcerting elements of his beliefs, particularly his staunch support for economic reforms that would shift France toward a more free-market model.
    In this sense, we can think of Macron as an updated, French version of Bill Clinton and Tony Blair, with a dollop of the newer generation of triangulators. He’s consciously cast himself as the outsider who will break from politics as usual in defense of decency and democracy — and he’s done it all in the service of implementing a right-wing economic agenda.



    Spot on John, I saw an interview on one of the BEEBs politics shows in which the idea of a coalition was floated, I forget which One, I will have a look and post it later if I find it. Anyway, the polarisation in Debate as you say based upon Ideological and not empirical reasons it was concluded meant it too risky politically for anyone to publicly sign up to the idea.
    “XXI Civil dissensions
    Another remarkable and unexpected
    symptom of national decline is the intensi-
    fication of internal political hatreds. One
    would have expected that, when the survival
    of the nation became precarious, political
    factions would drop their rivalry and stand
    shoulder-to-shoulder to save their country.
    In the fourteenth century, the weakening
    empire of Byzantium was threatened, and
    indeed dominated, by the Ottoman Turks.
    The situation was so serious that one would
    have expected every subject of Byzantium to
    abandon his personal interests and to stand
    with his compatriots in a last desperate
    attempt to save the country. The reverse
    occurred. The Byzantines spent the last fifty
    years of their history in fighting one another
    in repeated civil wars, until the Ottomans
    The Fate of Empires 13
    moved in and administered the coup de
    Britain has been governed by an elected
    parliament for many centuries. In former
    years, however, the rival parties observed
    many unwritten laws. Neither party wished
    to eliminate the other. All the members
    referred to one another as honourable
    gentlemen. But such courtesies have now
    lapsed. Booing, shouting and loud noises
    have undermined the dignity of the House,
    and angry exchanges are more frequent. We
    are fortunate if these rivalries are fought out
    in Parliament, but sometimes such hatreds
    are carried into the streets, or into industry
    in the form of strikes, demonstrations,
    boycotts and similar activities. True to the
    normal course followed by nations in
    decline, internal differences are not
    reconciled in an attempt to save the nation.
    On the contrary, internal rivalries become
    more acute, as the nation becomes weaker. ”
    In the 14th century, a Muslim historian named Ibn Khaldun wrote about the pattern of history. Farmers would build irrigation systems supporting villages and towns. Later some warrior would bring these towns under his rule and form a united political entity, like a kingdom or an empire. Then a tribe of nomads would come along and conquer the kingdom, seize all the holdings and settle in their place and further expand the new empire. As time went by the nomads would assimilate and become soft city dwellers. Exactly the kind of people they had conquered and at this point, another tribe of nomads would come along and conquer them and take their empire. Conquest, consolidation, expansion, degeneration and conquest, this was the pattern of history.
    And Also Quiggley has a similar analysis, in Tragedy and Hope of Stages of Empire.
    The Big Question is how do we steer the current crop of self-interested and sub standard professional Politicians towards the interests of The Polity rather than narrow factional interests?
    Glub is good on these questions. Social conservatism is not I think a Left Right thing, Political Correctness is a thing of the American Left, although the notions of Left and Right in the USA are quite alien to how we see them here in Europe.
    A good read of Edmund Burkes Present discontents speech to parliament also addresses the point that without a rudder the quality of Captain is irrelevant.I suspect that the ECB, the Euro and Pecking orders beneath Petro Dollar Hegemony are key aspects of the factionalism between the politicians across all divides in the House of Commons, these are not Party Political but Ideological and around certain Friedmanite economic shibboleths.
    Keep calling em as you see em, I for one think a Grand Coalition is a splendid idea. ( Would the grownups in Westminster please assert some authority! ( are there any?)
    Sorry for the long Comment but I think Glubb is worth paying some attention to although I suspect he and I would disagree on the more abstract notions of human nature his notions of Public Service are I think sorely missed these days.

    Narcissism of small differences

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    The narcissism of small differences (Germander Narzissmus der kleinen Differenzen) is the thesis that it is precisely communities with adjoining territories and close relationships that engage in constant feuds and mutual ridicule because of hypersensitivity to details of differentiation.[1] The term was coined by Sigmund Freud in 1917, based on the earlier work of British anthropologist Ernest Crawley. In language differing only slightly from current psychoanalytic terminology, Crawley declared that each individual is separated from others by a taboo of personal isolation, a narcissism of minor differences.[2]


    The term appeared in Civilization and Its Discontents (1929–30) in relation to the application of the inborn aggression in man to ethnic (and other) conflicts, a process still considered by Freud, at that point, as a convenient and relatively harmless satisfaction of the inclination to aggression.[3] For Lacanians, the concept clearly related to the sphere of the Imaginary: the narcissism of small differences, which situates envy as the decisive element in issues that involve narcissistic image.[4] American psychiatrist Glen O. Gabbard has suggested that Freud’s narcissism of small differences provides a framework to understand that in a loving relationship, there can be a need to find, and even exaggerate, differences in order to preserve a feeling of separateness and self.[5]
    In terms of postmodernityconsumer culture has been seen as predicated on the narcissism of small differences to achieve a superficial sense of one’s own uniqueness, an ersatz sense of otherness which is only a mask for an underlying uniformity and sameness.[6] The phenomenon has been portrayed by the British comedy group Monty Python in their satirical 1979 film Life of Brian and by author Joan Didion in an essay (part of her 1968 book Slouching Towards Bethlehem) about Michael Laski, the founder of the Communist Party USA (Marxist–Leninist).[7]
    Syncretism, Hybridity and Narcissism of Small Differences.
    Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam

  • rogerglewis 7:25 pm on July 25, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Why do people think Brexit is a good idea? 

    I only see downsides of brexit. But then I’m a bitter, whinging remoaner living in the cosmopolitan bubble. I’m hoping brexiters can tell me
    a) What is the main thing that you hope will happen after brexit?
    b) Why do you think that will be a good thing?
    c) Do you think it can plausibly be delivered?
    Roger Glyndwr Lewis, Green Party, Eco Anarchist and campaigning against TTIP, CETA and ISDS.

    At the root of this question is, has globalism succeeded? Or, has globalism failed? Globalism in economic terms post-WW2 starts with Bretton Woods and US Dollar reserve currency status and from there to Petro Dollar hegemony post the Nixon shock and the US coming off the gold standard. Then one sees NAFTA and the move to the latest raft of Trade deals CETA, TTP, TTIP ISDS etc. The world has become a centralised and corporatised financialised oligopoly complex and the EU is an institution that has lead the charge for greater centralisation and Financialisation.
    The political motivation behind the economic institutions of globalisation has drifted towards the Neo Liberal concepts of Public Choice theory set out by Buccannan and others and enthusiastically followed by Mrs Thatcher, Later Lady Thatcher in the UK and Ronald Reagan in the US. Famously the test bed for these ideas was Chile and Pinochet’s regime, ideas of consumer freedom of choice and democratic freedom were conflated and civic society and national identity became obstacles to the ideals of freedom of movement of Capital and Human Capital(Labour). The EU has followed this path and the UK and US have both followed this path regardless of which flavour of the two flavour government systems were in power.
    Over this same period, a narrative of elitism and of an international elite has also materialised. A good example of this is British Football where the Premier League has lead to a spectacle of Branded Club football with a host of international superstars being richly rewarded, whilst the Fortunes of the English National side have continued to decline. The recent European Championships where the Welsh team did so well was offered by some as an example of how the concentration on Private interests over national interests can lead to a diminution of overall national performance. Wales with its local national identity doing so much better than the cosmopolitan English team. At a UK level, there has developed a two-speed dis-united kingdom and Europe is also a Two Speed collective, with Germany in high gear and the momentum of the remaining 27, soon to be 26 bleeding into the German irresistible gravity.
    If one looks at the United States one sees the conflict between state power and federal power and the ideals of subsidiarity caste into the constitution, the latest reminder of this principle was the Electoral college and President elect Trumps not winning the national popular vote. The Increased federalisation and centralisation of political power in the EU renders it by definition less sensitive to feedbacks from the parts remote from the centre or with less Economic Clout. This tendency of power structures to hoard power to themselves and centralise is what the Electoral college was designed to counter and no such balance has materialised in the EU or indeed at the UK level although Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland have all achieved levels of national parliamentary control of aspects of their home government. Importantly money remains centralised which is a fundamental restriction of true political freedom and autonomy.
    The parallels are striking between the US experience over its almost two and a half centuries and the EU over its last quarter of a century. Maastricht seems to be the great cut off point with the ERM following to the EURO and a move toward what is called,´´ever closer union ´´
    The EU is credited amongst other things with bringing an end to the warring between European states. The benefits of the EU include this claim of a peace dividend but also a claim with respect to increased European prosperity. Arguments are presented on either side of the argument and it is possible to define one´s own measures of success and fit one’s arguments to any number of pre-conceived conclusions. The procrustean arguments adopted by both sides in the Brexit question are a testament to the Political nature of the beast. Economics does not exist outside of politics and Economics is correctly and should always be referred to as political economy. In Political Economy we see the truth that Economic interests are not uniform and universal and economic and political institutions create a landscape agreeable to its most important patrons, sadly in both the UK & The US The EU and across what is called the Washington Consensus the important patrons are not ordinary citizens but Elite Citizens and corporate private interests. The very monetary system which provides the score keeping tokens of interpersonal and international promises of exchange is a system which sees Private for profit banks creating 97% of the currency(money) out of nothing, this aspect of the Euro and also of the Pound Stirling and US dollar bears closer examination in considering this question.
    I believe that the disruption represented by Brexit and of the president elect Trump’s election in the US will prove to be the identifiable point at which the failures of Global Financialised Capitalism and neo liberal political economy became openly exposed. The main stream media and its corporate biases could no longer cancel out the voices of dissenting political and economic voices. Heterodox Economic voices which have prevailed in the intellectual examination of the political and economic theories of Hayek, Buccannan and still form the political ideological basis of both the EU and the present UK government under Mrs May , have been proven empirically to have failed and to have failure baked into the cake, see Steve Keens work on Minsky and economic alternatives to neo liberalism also see Richard Werner on debt based money creation, particularly this paper. Can banks individually create money out of nothing? – The theories and the empirical evidence .
    To cut a long story short to effect change a majority has to vote for change in Brexit and in Trumps election, we have seen such a vote. As another comment notes the EU has shown and still shows no appetite to change itself from with in. DIEM 25 seeks to reform the EU from within, Brexit seems not to have provided even the admission that some change is necessary, doubling down and obstinacy seem to be the default reaction to any democratic ´´naiveté´´(intended sarcasm), expressed at ballot boxes. Germany and France have elections next year we will see how the outcomes of those elections turn out. Brexit is a good idea because reform of the Political/Economic system is urgently required to effect change a proportion of the population must believe change is possible and indeed necessary.
    I did a blog on the change equation which develops that idea. Anthroprogenic Political Climate Change. DIe Hard Blowhards and Media Presstitutes , Global Level Extinction Event. NOV 8 2016

  • rogerglewis 7:05 pm on July 22, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    The Road to Serfdom, Directions from a Blind Man. ( I would not start from here?)Krugman, De-Long, Keen , Varafoukis.) Lietaer and Kreutz Who He? 

    Looking at Serfdom there is a link to the excellent Wikipedia article to Brad De Longs Blog, he is I see from Wikipedia reckoned to be the 754th most influential economist in the World, He is a Professor at Berkely, where no less than two of my Former Business Partners are also Tenured Professors, also in The Economics Priesthood.
    According to Wikipedia, he is a self-proclaimed Neo Liberal?
     (  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Bradford_DeLong    )  , served under Clintons Economics chief Summers and whilst he seems a thoroughly nice and well meaning chap he has no Clue, certainly no wish to draw any attention to having any clue as to Money Creation, more precisely endogenous money creation. He recommends this following article as a must read. I have to say it is dire and I have also commented as such in a Reddit discussion put up on the article here.



    Making Monetary Policy Great Again

    The Great Recession exposed the weaknesses of orthodox central banking. Time for a regime change.


      FROM SUMMER 2017, NO. 45 – 29 MIN READ


    When Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected President in 1932, America had been in depression for three full years. Roosevelt was a man with a mandate to fix the economy by any means necessary. Barack Obama was elected in the midst of the worst economic crisis since the Depression, yet his campaigns, against both Hillary Clinton and John McCain, were defined by other issues. Obama’s pitch to voters was not chiefly a promise to save and remake the economy.

    This article is also on Brad De Longs Blog. I have to say it is completely illiterate of Money Creation and as such commits the Error of all the Main Stream Economist, in short, its best quality is in demonstrating how the blind are leading the Blind:

    I Made these interactive Quizzes based upon the Positive Money Quiz By   David Faraday https://www.quiz-maker.com/QYMG3AR  and the money creation Survey of MP´s

    https://www.quiz-maker.com/Q4FBT85  The degree of ignorance paraded constantly since the General Election and during by Both Tory and Labour MP´s is staggering.
    What are we to do with the Wilful ignorance of the political, Media and Economics So called Elites.


    The Question of Money and how it is most definitely not neutral is the subject on my New Novel, The Conquest of Dough.

    For Bradford De Long this from his Blog in 2003 is a re-deeming Jem if he would Take Leitaers Advice and look at the money question, one which Krugman warned the great Currency expert about See Video.


    May 10, 2003
    The Causes of Slavery or Serfdom: A Hypothesis
    Paul Krugman’s post, Serfs Up!, reminds me of one of my major sins this spring (for which I must atone): my cutting Evsey Domar (1970), “The Causes of Slavery or Serfdom: A Hypothesis,” Economic History Review 30:1 (March), pp. 18-32, from my spring 2003 Economics 210a reading list.
    As Krugman summarizes Domar’s main point:
    Domar was motivated by his knowledge of Russian history. Serfdom in Russia, he knew, wasn’t an institution that dated back to the Dark Ages. Instead, it was mainly a 16th-century creation, contemporaneous with the beginning of the great Russian expansion into the steppes. Why? He came up with a simple yet powerful insight: there’s no point in enslaving or enserfing a man unless the wage you would have to pay him if he was free is substantially above the cost of feeding, housing, and clothing him.
    Imagine a pre-industrial society where population is pressing on limited land supplies, and the marginal product of labor – and hence the real wage rate under competitive conditions – is barely at subsistence. In that case, why bother establishing property rights in human beings? It costs no more to hire a free worker than to feed an indentured laborer. Indeed, by 1300 – with Europe very much a Malthusian society – serfdom had withered away from lack of interest. But now suppose that for some reason land becomes abundant, and labor scarce. Then competition among landowners will tend to push up wages of free workers, and the ruling class will try, if it can, to pin peasants down and prevent them from bargaining for a higher standard of living. In Russia, it was all about gunpowder: suddenly steppe nomads were no longer so formidable, and the rich lands of the Ukraine were open for settlement. Serfdom was an effort to keep peasants from taking advantage of this situation. (And if I’ve got it right, those who were venturesome enough to run away and set up outside the system became Cossacks.)
    Meanwhile, the New World opened in the west. Sure enough, the colonizing powers tried various forms of indentured servitude – making serfs of the Indians in Spanish territories, bringing over indentured servants in Virginia. But eventually they hit on a better solution, from their point of view: importing slaves from Africa…
    Domar’s contribution is truly one of the most effective and powerful pieces of synthetic social science I have ever read. It isn’t perfect. He has more predecessors than he realizes (Marx, for example, especially Marx’s observations on the Swan River Colony in Australia, and the whole section on primitive accumulation and the creation of agrarian capitalism in Britain). And Domar misses one big cause of serfdom and slavery. During the formation of the Roman Empire, in Poland at the end of the Middle Ages, and in the Caribbean islands during the early modern period, slavery and serfdom did not emerge because a high land-labor ratio meant that the ruling elite could not afford to bid for labor in a free labor market. Slavery and serfdom emerged, instead, because high demand for staple products (grain, sugar, tobacco…) greatly lowered the gap between the productivity of free and the productivity of bound workers. Staple production is easier for gang-bosses to monitor than more diversified farming. Staple production also has lower skill requirements for workers. When demand for staple products is very high–to feed the proletariat of imperial Rome, to feed the growing cities of late-Medieval Flanders, or to supply the cheap luxuries demanded by early modern England–slavery or serfdom can emerge even without an extraordinarily high land/labor ratio.


    Serfdom is the status of many peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism. It was a condition of bondage, which developed primarily during the High Middle Ages in Europe and lasted in some countries until the mid-19th century.
    Serfs who occupied a plot of land were required to work for the lord of the manor who owned that land. In return they were entitled to protection, justice, and the right to cultivate certain fields within the manor to maintain their own subsistence. Serfs were often required not only to work on the lord’s fields, but also in his mines and forests and to labor to maintain roads. The manor formed the basic unit of feudal society, and the lord of the manor and the villeins, and to a certain extent serfs, were bound legally: by taxation in the case of the former, and economically and socially in the latter.
    The decline of serfdom in Western Europe has sometimes been attributed to the widespread plague epidemic of the Black Death, which reached Europe in 1347 and caused massive fatalities, disrupting society.[1] The decline had begun before that date. Serfdom became increasingly rare in most of Western Europe after the Renaissance. But, conversely it grew stronger in Central and Eastern Europe, where it had previously been less common (this phenomenon was known as “later serfdom”).
    In Eastern Europe the institution persisted until the mid-19th century. In the Austrian Empire serfdom was abolished by the 1781 Serfdom Patentcorvée continued to exist until 1848. Serfdom was abolished in Russia in the 1860s.[2] In Finland, Norway and Sweden, feudalism was never fully established, and serfdom did not exist; however, serfdom-like institutions did exist in both Denmark (the stavnsbånd, from 1733 to 1788) and its vassal Iceland (the more restrictive vistarband, from 1490 until 1894).
    According to Joseph R. Strayer, the concept of feudalism can also be applied to the societies of ancient Persia, ancient MesopotamiaEgypt (Sixth to Twelfth dynasty), Muslim India, China (Zhou dynasty and end of Han dynasty) and Japan during the Shogunate. James Lee and Cameron Campbell describe the Chinese Qing dynasty (1644–1912) as also maintaining a form of serfdom.[3]
    Melvyn Goldstein described Tibet as having had serfdom until 1959,[4][5] but whether or not the Tibetan form of peasant tenancy that qualified as serfdom was widespread is contested by other scholars.[6][7] Bhutan is described by Tashi Wangchuk, a Bhutanese civil servant, as having officially abolished serfdom by 1959, but he believes that less than or about 10% of poor peasants were in copyhold situations.[8]
    The United Nations 1956 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery also prohibits serfdom as a form of slavery.

    I noticed that my Comment pointing out the same Mallady, ( Blind Leading Blind) was published after moderation here,

    The secret history of the banking crisis

    Tough day: A broker looks at his screens at the Frankfurt Stock Exchange on the day Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy. Photo: THOMAS LOHNES/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
    It is a decade since the first tremors of what would become the Great Financial Crisis began to convulse global markets. Across the world from China and South Korea, to Ukraine, Greece, Brexit Britain and Trump’s America it has shaken our economy, our society and latterly our politics. Indeed, it has thrown into question who “we” are. It has triggered both a remarkable wave of nationalism and a deep questioning of social and economic inequalities. Politicians promise their voters that they will “take back control.” But the basic framework of globalisation remains intact, so far at least. And to keep the show on the road, networks of financial and monetary co-operation have been pulled tighter than ever before.

    Roger G LewisJuly 16, 2017 at 11:15
    “Banks borrow money short-term at low interest and lend long at marginally higher rates. It may sound precarious, but it is how they earn their living. In the conventional model, however, the short-term funding comes from deposits, from ordinary savers. Ordinarily, in a well-run bank, their withdrawals and deposits tend to cancel each other out. Fits of uncertainty and mass withdrawals are always possible, and perhaps even inevitable once in a while. So to prevent them turning into bank runs, governments offer guarantees up to a reasonable amount. Most of the Northern Rock depositors had little to fear. Their deposits were, like all other ordinary savers, guaranteed by then Chancellor Alistair Darling. The investors who weren’t covered by government backing were those who had provided Northern Rock with funding through a new and different channel—the wholesale money market. They had tens of billions at stake, and every reason to panic. It was the sudden withdrawal of this funding that actually killed Northern Rock.As well as taking in money from savers, banks can also borrow from other banks and other institutional investors. The money markets offer funds overnight, or for a matter of weeks or months. It is a fiercely competitive market with financial professionals on both sides of every trade. Margins are slim, but if the volumes are large there are profits to be made. For generations, this was the preserve of investment bankers—the ultimate insiders of the financial community. They didn’t bother with savers’ deposits. They borrowed in the money markets. From the 1990s commercial banks and mortgage lenders began to operate on a similar model. It was this new form of “market-based” banking combined with the famous securitisation of mortgages that enabled the huge expansion of European and US banking that began to crash in 2007.“

    This aspect of the Article is completely flawed. Banks Create money by originating debt, that is by finding people who will sign debt contracts in return for offering security. The Bail Out funds Post 2008 and QE are based upon re defining the security or quality of the Security offered in support of those debt contracts. The commercial Banks moved their own goal posts with the full cooperation of the Central Banks and the Treasury departments of various Washington Consensus Governments, Chiefly The ECB, The Fed, Bank of England, Bank of Japan. with the Chinese and Russian Central Banks Going out in the cold and forming the BRICS Development Bank seeking to Head of a UNI Polar Dollar based World at the pass.The Accounting takes place after this initial money creation and the complex system of Central Bank Clearing is really a framework of Mexican standoffs where each player realises that they must not cross the others in a code of honour amongst thieves with of course Wall street and the dollar being first amongst equals?Without getting to the bottom of Bank Created Debt Based Money article such as these Let off the hook those they claim to be holding to account.

    I also noticed that Varafoukis posted the review of his latest book by Tooze. It seems both Tooze and Varafoukis are similarly in need of a sharp talking to from Prof. Lietaer. Steve Keen is a Freind of Varafoukis and again has a strange aversion to talking about Usury as other priests of the Heterodox monetary school also have. I´m going back to Read some Kreutz, these elite sophists all stick together, Always Jam tomorrow, said, Alice?


    Meanwhile,  Chapter 5 of Conquest of Dough still remains a turtles head in my literary trousers, mere skid marks to show for the past weeks reading


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  • rogerglewis 7:43 am on July 22, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    The Bell Beaker Hypothesis. #ConquestofDough #ModernMythology 

    A Fascinating Paper and also a very interesting discussion.
    Ian Andersons Album Homo Eraticus particularly the opening Track Dogger Land might hold some clues to the close relationship to Dutch and British Peoples.


    My interest is less academic and more Literary. My New Novel Conquest of Dough
    Examines The Development of Cereal Farming and Monetary Measures and the science of Metrology.
    Bevel Rimmed Bowls will figure, Baking of  Rationed or Status Bread and so will The Beakers Peoples.
    Sherrats work on Ancient Trade Routes has proved most useful to me.
    I was very Struck with BATmans comment on Oral Histories

    The Bell Beaker Behemoth (Olalde et al. 2017 preprint)

    Over at BioRxiv at this LINK:

    Abstract: Bell Beaker pottery spread across western and central Europe beginning around 2750 BCE before disappearing between 2200-1800 BCE. The mechanism of its expansion is a topic of long-standing debate, with support for both cultural diffusion and human migration. We present new genome-wide ancient DNA data from 170 Neolithic, Copper Age and Bronze Age Europeans, including 100 Beaker-associated individuals. In contrast to the Corded Ware Complex, which has previously been identified as arriving in central Europe following migration from the east, we observe limited genetic affinity between Iberian and central European Beaker Complex-associated individuals, and thus exclude migration as a significant mechanism of spread between these two regions. However, human migration did have an important role in the further dissemination of the Beaker Complex, which we document most clearly in Britain using data from 80 newly reported individuals dating to 3900-1200 BCE. British Neolithic farmers were genetically similar to contemporary populations in continental Europe and in particular to Neolithic Iberians, suggesting that a portion of the farmer ancestry in Britain came from the Mediterranean rather than the Danubian route of farming expansion. Beginning with the Beaker period, and continuing through the Bronze Age, all British individuals harboured high proportions of Steppe ancestry and were genetically closely related to Beaker-associated individuals from the Lower Rhine area. We use these observations to show that the spread of the Beaker Complex to Britain was mediated by migration from the continent that replaced >90% of Britain’s Neolithic gene pool within a few hundred years, continuing the process that brought Steppe ancestry into central and northern Europe 400 years earlier.

    Olalde et al., The Beaker Phenomenon And The Genomic Transformation Of Northwest EuropebioRxiv, Posted May 9, 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/135962

    Beveled rim bowls are small, undecorated, mass-produced clay bowls most common in the 4th millennium B.C. They constitute roughly three quarters of all ceramics found in Uruk culture sites, are therefore a unique and reliable indicator of the presence of the Uruk culture in ancient Mesopotamia.

    Physical Characteristics[edit]

    Beveled rim bowls are generally uniform in size standing roughly 10 cm tall with the mouth of the bowl being approximately 18 cm in diameter. The sides of the bowls have a straight steep angle down to a very defined base usually 9 cm in diameter. The bowls are made of low fired clay and have relatively thick walls compared to other forms of pottery of the time—making them surprisingly robust. The most unusual aspects of beveled rim bowls are that they are undecorated and found discarded in large quantities.


    While the exact method for production of beveled rim bowls is unknown, the most widely accepted theory is the use of a mold. A lesser accepted theory is that the bowls were made by hand. Archeologists replicating beveled rim bowls have found it considerably difficult to achieve the straight sides and well defined base while only using their hands. The use of a mold has been found to be a significant advantage when replicating the bowls. The large numbers of beveled rim bowls found (often in a single site) seem to support the mold theory because mass production with a mold is far more feasible than making them by hand. A debate exists among advocates of the mold theory. Most impose the use of a mobile mold that could be made of a variety of materials including wood, metal, stone or even another beveled rim bowl. Others suggest that craftsmen would have used a ground mold wherein the bowls were formed in a conical depression created in the ground.


    Beveled rim bowls are widely thought to be used for measurement of barley and oil as rations. The rations would be given as payment to laborers for services rendered. This idea is supported by the resemblance of the beveled rim bowls to the cuneiform sign for ration (NINDA). It is also supported by the fact that the bowls are often found whole and in large piles as if they were disposable. The bowls would have been used for rationing once or twice and then discarded in a central location. An alternate theory is that the bowls were used for baking bread, which also could have been rationed in its container.


    Beveled rim bowls originated in the city state of Uruk in the mid-fourth millennium B.C. As the Uruk culture expanded so did the production and use of these bowls. According to Marc Van De Mieroop, “Examples have been excavated in the Zagros mountains (e.g., Godin TepeChoga Gavaneh), in northern (e.g., Tepe, OzbekiTepe Sialk), central (e.g., Tepe Yahiya), and southern Iran (e.g., Nurabad). They were even found on the modern coast of Pakistan near the Gulf of Oman (Miri Qalat).”

    Historical Significance[edit]

    Roughly 75% of all ceramics found with Uruk culture sites are bevel-rimmed bowls, so two major aspects make them historically significant to archeologists. First, they are one of the earliest signs of mass production of a single product in history. Second, their suspected use as a form of payment to workers is a milestone in history because there is no evidence of rationed payments before beveled rim bowls.

    Stone Age[edit]

    Upper Palaeolithic[edit]

    Cro-Magnons (the first anatomically modern humans in Europe) are believed to have arrived in Europe about 40,000 years ago.[8] They are known to have had a presence in the geographical region that was to become Great Britain by 33,000 years before present (BP) due to the discovery of the skeletal remains of the “Red Lady of Paviland“.[9] This is actually the skeleton (lacking the skull) of a young man of the Aurignacian culture, and may be the oldest, modern, human remains yet discovered in Great Britain and Ireland.[10]
    A chapter in The Ancient Human Occupation of Britain states that the Last Glacial Maximum “saw an almost complete depopulation of England, Germany and the northern half of France, starting around 23,000 years ago, with the possible exception of rare ephemeral incursions into the southern half of Germany”.[11] Humans probably returned to the region of the British/Irish peninsula about 14,700 years ago as the Ice Age started to end.[12] Eighty percent of the DNA of most Britons, according to modern research, has been passed down from a few thousand individuals who hunted in this region after the last Ice Age. Compared to this, subsequent migrations from mainland Europe had less genetic impact on the British.[13]
    Around 14,000 BC, rising sea levels due to ice melting caused Ireland to be separated from Great Britain. An abrupt cold spell in Northern Europe known as the Younger Dryas, which occurred between 10,900 BC and 9700 BC, may have depopulated Ireland.[14][15]

    Mesolithic and Neolithic[edit]

    Around 5,600 BC, continuing rises in sea level led Great Britain to become separated from continental Europe.[16] Doggerland is a name given to a former landmass in the southern North Sea that connected Great Britain to mainland Europe, surviving as an island at Dogger Bank until about 5,000 BC after gradually being flooded by rising sea levels.[17] Doggerland was probably a rich human habitat in the Mesolithic period.[18]
    There have been several cold periods since the last ice age; the most severe were from about 12,800 to 11,500 years ago (Younger Dryas) and 6,200–5,800 BC (the “8.2 kilo year event”). Although these events are likely to have adversely affected population numbers, some settlements seem to have survived. During the Mesolithic period, there was a miniaturisation of flint artefacts, which has been attributed to differences in the prey of the hunters (this change in artefacts was at one time attributed to the arrival of a new people). About 4,000 BC, the Neolithic Revolution reached Britain and Ireland, with domestication of animals, arable farming and pottery. Again, a new invasion was previously postulated by archaeologists but this now seems to have had only a minor effect on the isles.[19] A low estimate for the population of Britain around 9,000 BC is 1,100–1,200 people; in 8,000 BC, 1,200–2,400; in 7,000 BC, 2,500–5,000; and in 5,000 BC, 2,750–5,500. Another method gives a much higher estimate so that, by 4,000 BC, the population of Great Britain was around 100,000, while that of Ireland was some 40,000. By 2,000 BC, Great Britain and Ireland had populations around 250,000 and 50,000, respectively.

    Bronze Age[edit]

    Defined by a style of pottery from the 3rd millennium BC, found in most of Europe in archaeological digs, the Beaker people have been considered to represent early immigration to the British Isles during the Bronze Age.
    It was originally thought that there were settlers that came with these Beaker folk who also had other defining features that showed that they were distinct from earlier dwellers of the British Isles, such as the development of metalworking and the mode of burial of the dead that came into use at about this time. Analyses of the uptake of isotopes of the element strontium in teeth (younger) and bones (older) in individuals have found evidence of a great deal of mobility, particularly of females, within central and western Europe.[20] It is generally accepted by archaeologists today that the spread of the artefacts of the Beaker people may be more indicative of the development of particular manufacturing skills that spread independent of population movement, rather than the migrations of particular peoples.[20]

  • rogerglewis 5:12 pm on July 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Back to the Beginning. WIll Cuppy and the rise and fall of other Distractions. 

    Another long Day at the coal face of pre history.
    The early development of Farming and the trade routes between those first Farming communities are integral to What we are as Human Beings, Communities, Societies and Nations today.

    Anyway I really Liked this Graphic from the Wikipedia Article on the Mesolithic Period in pre historic Europe  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_Europe

    Venus of Moravany

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Venus from Moravany nad Váhom, which dates back to 22,800 BC

    The Venus of Moravany[1] (SlovakMoravianska venušaHungarianMoraváni vénuszRussianВенера Мораванская) is a small prehistoric female figurine discovered in Slovakia early in the 20th century.


    It was ploughed up sometime before 1930 by the farmer Štefan Hulman-Petrech in Podkovica near the village of Moravany nad Váhom in Slovakia.
    It is made of mammoth tusk ivory and is dated to 22,800 BCE, which places it in upper Paleolithic times.


    The copy of this Venus currently resides in the Bratislava Castle exposition of the Slovak National Museum.[2]
    If you are following the development of the web site for Conquest of dough and have delved into some of the Fertile Crescent stuff you might be as struck by the Venus of Morvany Statuette as I am. It bears a Striking resemblance to many of the fertility goddesses of early Uruk Cultures and also to Queen Ati of Punt.
    Queen Ati, the wife/Queen of King Perahu of Punt, depicted on Pharaoh Hatshepsut’s temple at Deir el-Bahri.

    Depiction of the emblems of Ishtar (Venus), Sin (Moon), and Shamash (Sun) on a boundary stone of Meli-Shipak II (12th century BC)

    The Nebra sky disk is a bronze disk of around 30 centimeters (12 in) diameter and a weight of 2.2 kilograms (4.9 lb), with a blue-green patina and inlaid with gold symbols. These are interpreted generally as a sun or full moon, a lunar crescent, and stars (including a cluster interpreted as the Pleiades). Two golden arcs along the sides, marking the angle between the solstices, were added later. A final addition was another arc at the bottom surrounded with multiple strokes (of uncertain meaning, variously interpreted as a Solar Barge with numerous oars, as the Milky Way, or as a rainbow).
    The disk is attributed to a site near NebraSaxony-Anhalt, in Germany, and associatively dated to c. 1600 BC. It has been associated with the Bronze Age Unetice culture.
    The disk is unlike any known artistic style from the period, and was initially suspected of being a forgery, but now is widely accepted as authentic.
    The Nebra sky disk features the oldest concrete depiction of the cosmos worldwide. In June 2013 it was included in the UNESCO Memory of the World Register and termed “one of the most important archaeological finds of the twentieth century.”[1]

    Doggerland3er en


    The Decline and Fall of Practically Everybody


     “Perhaps a note on how Cuppy worked would be of interest to his readers. First of all, be- fore writing a line on any topic – or even thinking about what he might write – he would read every volume and article on the subject that he could find – including, in many cases, obscure books no longer available in this country. This was standard operating procedure, whether the topic in question was the Giant Ground Sloth or Catherine the Great.
     After having absorbed this exhaustive amount of material, he would make notes on little 3-by-5 index cards, which he would then file under the appropriate subheading in a card- file box. Usually he would amass hundreds and hundreds of these cards in several boxes, before beginning to block out his piece. In some cases, he would read more than twenty- five thick volumes before writing a one-thousand-word piece. Cuppy felt that he must know his subject as thoroughly as was humanly possible before going to work on it.”

    I highly recommend this Book, it is hilarious and gives a context in the most concentrated formula one could possibly imagine it’s the Strongest un cut humour I have ever encountered, pure Colombian rocket fuel for the funny bone.


    to The Decline and Fall of Practically Everybody
    by Thomas Maeder (1984)

    “In 1950 a group of V.I.P. wives was taken on a tour of NATO headquarters in Europe. En- tering Dwight D. Eisenhower’s office, they saw a single book lying on an otherwise empty desk, evidently a work of profound importance that consoled or inspired the Commander in Chief as he searched for a path to world peace. The book’s rather disconcerting title was The Decline and Fall of Practically Everybody.
    It was not surprising that the book should be there: it was, after all, almost everywhere, being one of the major hits of the year. The Decline and Fall spent four months on the New York Times best-seller list, and Edward R. Murrow devoted more than two-thirds of one of his nightly CBS news programs to a reading from Will Cuppy’s historical sketches, with his colleague Don Hollenbeck appending the footnotes. “It’s the history book of the year,” Murrow concluded. Scholars praised its impeccable accuracy, while critics and laymen applauded its humor, scarcely realizing that every fact it contained was correct. The book eventually went through eighteen hardcover printings and ten foreign editions before it, and its author, lapsed into temporary obscurity.”


    Tomorrow I hope to get back to the Book itself, The Conquest of Dough, will it seems, involve the writer conquering some of his own curiosity and the temptation to head off up the highways and bye ways and less well-worn paths of historical arcana.

    The web site is pretty much as it will be now until I compile the final bibliography for the novel, which will I hope not take as long as Will Cuppy´s masterpiece to finish and indeed be left for compilation by some unfortunate friend. ( Must re-read John Peels Margrave of the Marshes, on that note.)

    I call this one Venus Akimbo.

    Reminds me of  a Funny story about a Character from the early days of the London Docklands Entrepreneurial Crowd, Mike Barnet. I had let a Building for A client To a Snooker Hall, it was a Post Industrial Modern Masterpiece next door to Richard Desmonds First HQ he built for the early Northern And Shell before he became the proprietor of the Daily Express. Anyway 33 Mill Harbour was to be a Snooker Hall and Mike Barnett was doing the PR for which a Young Lady had been hired to drape her self suggestively around the Snooker Tables and on Stairways between the Mezzanine floors arrayed through the Cavernous interior of what was One of my Favourite buildings, up there with the Old FT printing Works, but I digress.

    Anyway, Mike Felt that the Model could show a little more leg and upon a further invite for A little more Leg and a raising of the already impossibly short Skirt the Model turned and quite Matter of factly exclaimed.

    “If I hitch it up any more than that I´ll have to charge you for a Flap shot”.

  • rogerglewis 9:01 am on July 19, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    More Europe Less Brussels. #Brexit #ConquestofDough 

    This is a wonderful visionary and reflective piece. Carl Bildt is to be congratulated in tackling the Aachen Mafia. These issues of Subsidiarity are most obvious in the Exclusive competencies of the Commission and its relationship to the ECB. Bernar Leitaer advised on , indeed all but designed the ERM, his early design was torn up in a rush for Political Expediency and much of the wisdom of Prof. Leitaer was thrown out along with with the Infant of promise, complementary currencies and subsidiary sovereignty for member States.
    More Europe amd less Brussels a reversal of polartiy from the boundaries to the centre and not the other way around.
    Meet The Fuggers.

    More Europe, Less Brussels

    STOCKHOLM – The failed coup in Turkey has reminded us – as though a reminder was needed – of the once-inconceivable stability that the European Union has brought to Europe. But if the post-Brexit EU is to survive, it will need to change the way it thinks about itself.
    So far, sad to say, this isn’t happening. Immediately after the Brexit vote, for example, the six founding countries of what used to be the European Economic Community (EEC) – Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands – gathered to discuss what to do. To no one’s surprise, the other 21 EU member states felt offended at being left out.
    This incident points to the larger challenge that the EU must overcome if it is to secure its post-Brexit future. Simply put, the idea of the Union must resonate with all Europeans, not just those who get invited to exclusive meetings.
    The EEC was established in 1957, and the official aspiration then, as it is now for the EU, was to recreate the Europe of Charlemagne that existed more than a thousand years ago.
    Since then, European leaders have gathered time and again by Charlemagne’s ancient throne in Aachen, in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, to deliver visionary speeches announcing that the time has finally come to build a truly integrated Europe. Aachen has turned into the Mecca for true believers in the EU’s founding myth.
    While I agree that Charlemagne is an intriguing historical personality, I do not find him particularly inspiring. He was an impressive warrior, but probably an illiterate one, and the empire he created fell apart soon after his death. The rise of Europe and the West certainly did not start with Charlemagne.
    The Europe that inspires me is not the Europe of old warriors; it is the Europe of the thinkers and the traders. It is their contributions that, over the centuries, transformed Europe from the global backwater it had become after the fall of Rome into a hub of intellectual progress and innovation that created the West and changed the course of humanity.
    This is the Europe of Copernicus and Erasmus, Henry the Navigator and Isaac Newton, and all the other pioneers who unshackled the human mind from the superstition and prejudice of the immediate past. Their Europe was wide and borderless, far larger than the Europe of Charlemagne. Immanuel Kant’s treatises on how republics could achieve “perpetual peace” were written in Königsberg, in what today is a part of Russia. And the great trading cities of Gdansk, Seville, and Venice maintained links far beyond the borders of today’s EU.
    The European project can be renewed only if those who support it move away from the limited Charlemagne-inspired vision, stop talking about “old” and “new” members, and demonstrate in words as well as deeds that they are open to ideas from every part of Europe. The EU will not work unless all member states are regarded as equals in determining a common future.
  • rogerglewis 8:19 am on July 19, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    How Grains Domesticated Us. Re-post Formatting problems. Written For the COnquest of Dough Blog. 

    For some strange reason I can not get this page to format properly with this combination of content? The formatting worked perfectly well on the Novels web site so hhere a link where this post can be read properly formatted , strangely enough at the home for which it was intended.


  • rogerglewis 7:54 pm on July 16, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    The Conquest Of Dough. One Week In and Words are pouring out of the grey Space and back into the Ether. Channeling Something? 

    A Busy week Writing the first 5 Chapters of My New Novel, The Conquest of Dough. The Epilogue and Chapter 1 can be found in Pre Editor State on the Web Site I have made to store some of my references from Researching the Novel over the last 18 months.
    I have over 300,000 words of notes which are is a series of EPUB format books which I have made to make skipping between the elements of the plot line less demanding on my computer’s processor.
    I am in two minds about Putting something up on Un-Bound But for now, I am looking forward now to a good solid few weeks of Writing the next Chapters of the Story.
    I am attempting to write in the Grey Space of The Thoughts which become clothed in words by each readers imagination. Oppenheim’s two Introductory Essays particularly the Second which is entitled “Can these bones live is very much” sympatico with what I had already found in HG Wells, Morley, Maimonides and now from Oppenheim, Ortega.

    mething up on Un-Bound But for now, I am looking forward now to a good solid few weeks of Writing the next Chapters of the Story.
    I am attempting to write in the Grey Space of The Thoughts which become clothed in words by each readers imagination. Oppenheim’s two Introductory Essays particularly the Second which is entitled “Can these bones live is very much” sympatico with what I had already found in HG Wells, Morley, Maimonides and now from Oppenheim, Ortega.

    Century Arts

  • rogerglewis 6:46 pm on July 10, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Electric Cars, Hybrids, renewables, Distributed networks and subsidiartiy Energy Self Sufficinency and the Circular economy. 

    The Telsa Model 3 is now in production here in the UK. OK I still can’t afford it, but a range of 215 miles is good, and Having driven a Leaf for nearly 4 years I’m getting addicted to the ‘Ludicrous Mode’ of EV’s which will get you from 0-60 in 2.5 secs. Eat your heart our Scalextric 🙂

    Latest news: Model 3 project is moving ahead of schedule, and Elon Musk predicts first deliveries will take place on July 28

    Grant Higgins
    Grant Higgins and affordable for everyone #sarcasm

    Pippa Bartolotti
    Pippa Bartolotti I bought my Leaf second hand, so it can be.

    Mirka Johanna
    Mirka Johanna I’ll learn to drive as soon as I can afford one of these 😂

    Elspeth Parris
    Elspeth Parris So when will they produce an affordable small car? I currently drive a C1, bought for just £4000 at 6 years old. The idea of spending £30K plus on a car is a joke, my mortgage is about that much.

    Pippa Bartolotti
    Pippa Bartolotti Check out the Renault Twizzy Elspeth. They’re coming on to the second hand car market as well.

     · Reply · 23 hrs

    Ian Wright
    Ian Wright The Tesla is produced in the US, and will not be made in the UK. For cheapo electric cars try the Peugeot ion or Citroen C Zero. If you go on to Autotrader you can pick one of these up quite cheap secondhand, but the range is circa 50-80 miles. The Renault and Nissan electric cars are very good, but batteries tend to be lease. For example you have to pay circa £70 pcm to Renault for the battery (in addition to the car), and compared with an economical diesel or petrol you will not save any money, and have limited range. You can get the Nissan with the battery included, and buying one two or three years old will save you loads on the list price. If it was me I would go for the Nissan. However if you wait for a few years the range of these cars will be vastly increased and it will be possible for a mainstream electric car to do 250miles without a charge within say 5-10 years. Until then I will keep my diesel and when it has done 200-250k miles I will switch to electric.

     · Reply · 49 mins

    Gareth Pratt
    Gareth Pratt When we bought our Leaf 2 and a half years ago the range on them was about 85 miles. When we changed it in March this year the range on them had gone up to 125 miles. So the technology is improving on electric cars. I’m not convinced they’re the silver bullet mind you since the electricity to run them still has to be made which means more power stations consuming coal, gas, oil or nuclear.

     · Reply · 


     · Yesterday at 7:10pm · Edited

    John Marshall
    John Marshall Electricity is increasingly produced via renewables. Musk’s big batteries could well accelerate this. Other initiatives, such as retrofitting smart charging points into lamp posts will make life even easier for people running EV’s.

    Pippa Bartolotti
    Pippa Bartolotti Gareth I have 100% green gas and electricity supplier, plus I make from my own roof, so I’m happy that I’m not adding to dirty fuel.

     · Reply · 23 hrs · Edited

    Gareth Pratt
    Gareth Pratt That’s fine Pippa Bartolotti . I’m glad you aren’t. We have solar panels too for what good they are, but I’d be willing to bet most people who buy electric cars charge them from the national grid. It’s going in the right direction with EV”s but promoting them as pollution free motoring is wrong and irresponsible.

     · Reply · 22 hrs

    Pippa Bartolotti
    Pippa Bartolotti I wouldn’t promote them as pollution free in general. It takes personal responsibility to keep it clean.

     · Reply · 


     · 22 hrs

    John Allaway
    John Allaway Pippa Bartolotti Using your roof to make gas might seem fine in the summer, but as soon as winter sets in you might wish you’d kept it!

     · Reply · 


     · 21 hrs

    Kevin Lee Sparrow
    Kevin Lee Sparrow Just curious about EVs – how long to charge, compared to a petrol refill? Hours?

     · Reply · 22 hrs

    Pippa Bartolotti
    Pippa Bartolotti Mine takes about 20 mins at the motorway services. There are three types of charge. At home it’s about 4 hours, a normal 3 pin plug is probably overnight. Lots of info here https://www.zap-map.com/live/

    Map of UK charge points allowing EV drivers to find charge points, plan electric journeys, update status and comment on points.

     · Reply · 


     · 22 hrs

    Nigel Young
    Nigel Young I have heard that the manufacture of the batteries and the disposal of them at their end of life has almost as bad an impact on the environment as running a small petrol or diesel car. Is there data that supports or denies that?

     · Reply · 21 hrs

    Rich Coasby
    Rich Coasby Manufacturing emissions are about 70% higher for battery powered vehicles than for conventional vehicles. As for day-to-day running, Tesla just replaces carbon emissions you can see with carbon emissions you can’t. The vast majority of electricity in the US (which Tesla’s use to charge up) comes from coal fired power stations. The whole premise that these cars are environmentally friendly is basically complete and utter bollocks.

     · Reply · 13 hrs

    Nigel Young
    Nigel Young Rich Coasby Thanks Rich, need to rethink on the next car then. I was thinking of a hybrid. Are they as bad? 🙁

     · Reply · 12 hrs

    Pippa Bartolotti
    Pippa Bartolotti All battery producers in the UK are required to be registered with the Government as part of an EU-wide (!) initiative to increase battery collection/recycling and completely prohibit the landfill/incineration of automotive and industrial batteries. We are aiming for a closed loop system where every component is labled, everything is recycled and nothing is waste.

     · Reply · 9 hrs

    Pippa Bartolotti
    Pippa Bartolotti When it comes to the energy, use your loaf. If you fill up from a dirty fuel provider, you are adding to the problem. If you fill up from a 100% green provider, you are adding to the solution.

     · Reply · 8 hrs

    Nigel Young
    Nigel Young Pippa Bartolotti yes, but what about the point of additional emissions at the point of manufacture? Then, if you charge up at a public charging point how do you know from where they source their electricity? I’m not trying to be difficult, I’d just like some facts, not just opinions…

     · Reply · 8 hrs

    Rich Coasby
    Rich Coasby Nigel are you trying to be green or just fancy an electric car? If the former then better off buying a used but efficient car with a gas engine and 50+ mpg. If latter then buy a Tesla because they go like shit off a shovel!

     · Reply · 


     · 7 hrs · Edited

    Nigel Young
    Nigel Young Rich Coasby Trying to be a bit greener (not for my generation, for that of my grandkids plus) but it’s difficult to know what to actually do. What is certain is that my current car, a diesel, is a bad idea…

     · Reply · 


     · 6 hrs

    Carl Dodd
    Carl Dodd until we start NOT travelling so much ( unnecessary private Journeys) its all NOT very green – .. an older ,cleanish car with high MPG ( 50-60+) is just about greener if driven well and serviced properly ! The EV revolution will cause a strain on the See More

     · Reply · 2 hrs

    Roger Lewis
    Roger Lewis https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OIdUdhJxIt0

    It’s a battery special. This episode looks at the stories we’ve been…

     · Reply · Remove Preview · 


     · 39 mins

    Roger Lewis
    Roger Lewis That’s a selection of some of my favourite fully charged episodes. From Smart Grids to re purposing old Car batteries The notion that Electric Cars are some how a retrograde step from InternaCombustionin engines is absurd.
    The final absurdity of COmaprisons between these technologies is that they are not mutually exclusive and the resource questions which we face on the planet are incredibly ill-served using Traditional Debt based money measures.

    Introduction to Technocracy – 1933
    discussions — of ‘value,’ of fluctuating prices, of the gold standard, of changing interest rates, of items of pecuniary wealth which are at the same time items of debt — are
    merely discussions looking toward a readjustment of the factors which prevent them
    The problem of analysing political choices against the metric of a Monetary measure is the Money as a Thing is most certainly a Variable and as any good technologist, scientist or metrologist will tell you a unit of measurement has to be clearly defined and fixed.
    The dollar. He notes that it is a variable. Why anyone should attempt, on this earth, to use a
    variable as a measuring rod is so utterly absurd that he dismisses any serious
    consideration of its use in his study of what should be done.
    He also considers ‘price’ and ‘value’ and the fine- spun theories of philosophers and
    economists who have attempted to surround these terms with the semblance of meaning.
    These terms, like the monetary unit, may have had meaning to men in the past but they
    mean nothing whatsoever to the modern technologist. The standard of measurement is
    not relevant to the things measured; and the measuring rod and the things, measured as if
    they were stable, are all variables.

    I do not advocate technocracy far from it, although its insight into the stupidity exhibited in objective analysis (sic) of Modern technologies 
    is certainly worth giving a little serious thought.


     · Reply · Remove Preview · 24 mins

    Roger Lewis
    Roger Lewis https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9siGatwzI4w this has a great segment on Smart Grids using car batteries as a Power sink for ironing out peak demands on the national grid, of course, localised Grids and energy self sufficiency for communities is a reality for Modern Renewables schemes. Renewables and subsidiarity go hand in hand.

    This episode is sponsored by…

     · Reply · Remove Preview · 


     · 21 mins

    Roger Lewis
    Roger Lewis We have been very pleased with our Toyota Prius Plugin Hybrid and Would like to get a fully electric Nissan Leaf once we need to replace our Old Golf Estate. A Solar Array incorporated onto a carport is also economically viable even here in the south of Sweden. Energy self-sufficiency and Clean motoring makes a great deal of sense. Designed for proper re-purposing and recycling Both Nickel Hydride and Lithium Ion Cells are id managed properly in a holistic supply chain and design from showroom to Recycling centre full of positives for the environment.
    As with all Technology where a whole system approach is adopted at the design stage potential problems can be dissolved into the design process.

     · Reply · Remove Preview · 10 mins

    Carl Dodd
    Carl Dodd Interesting stuff… My Brother is doing abit of work on reducing the cost of battery tech, and smart grid… We will see.. I just hope it happens sooner rather than later

     · Reply · 8 mins

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